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Rise of Industrialism. M. Gonzalez World History . 2.1A: Traditional or Pre-Industrial Society. 2.1A: Traditional or Pre-industrial society. England was organized into farming villages Grew enough food for itself Lived to survive; no hobbies. Peasants lived at subsistence l evel

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rise of industrialism

Rise of Industrialism

M. Gonzalez World History

2 1a traditional or pre industrial society1
2.1A: Traditional or Pre-industrial society
  • England was organized into farming villages
    • Grew enough food for itself
    • Lived to survive; no hobbies.
    • Peasants lived at subsistence level
  • Forces for change
    • Population growth meant farmers needed to produce more food for more people.
    • French blockade prohibited corn imports from France
2 1b the agricultural revolution
2.1B: The Agricultural Revolution
  • Enclosure Movement:
    • Wealthy landlords fenced in common pastures and experimented with new farming techniques
  • Crop Rotation:
    • Fields depleted of nutrients by one crop replenished by planting different crops
  • Other discoveries:
    • Seed drill, JethroTull, planted seeds efficiently
  • Results of Agricultural Revolution
    • More food available
    • Population increased
2 1c cottage industry and early capitalism1
2.1C: Cottage Industry and Early Capitalism
  • Merchant’s role in cottage industry
    • Supplied materials—wool and cotton– to be spun
    • Took supplies from spinning cottage to weaving cottage to dying cottage to sell finished cloth
    • Sell product for more than material and labor costs= profit + larger investment = higher profit
  • Capitalism
    • Economic system based on private ownership, free competition and profit
2 1c cottage industry and early capitalism2
2.1C: Cottage Industry and Early Capitalism
  • Effect on the Cottage industry
    • Big profit for new class of merchants
    • Alternative sources of income for peasants
2 1d the textile industry and factory system1
2.1D: the Textile Industry and Factory System
  • Textile Industry Invented
    • Cottage industry couldn’t keep up with demand of textiles
    • Spinning jenny, water frame, spinning mule improved spinning
    • Cotton gin separated seeds for cotton
  • Rise of the Factory
    • New machines, too big for homes, were put in factories
    • Factories located near power source: coal, iron, water
2 1d the textile industry and factory system2
2.1D: the Textile Industry and Factory System
  • Effect of Textile Factories in Britain
    • Prices of mass-produced textiles were much lower than hand-produced items
    • Britain’s textile industry increased enormously
    • Majority of villagers forced to leave to find work in urban factories
2 1e steam engine energy for the industrial revolution
2.1E: Steam Engine: Energy for the Industrial Revolution
  • The need for Energy
    • Early factories relied on horses, oxen and water mills
    • Steam engine evolved in response to the increasing need for power
  • How steam engine works
    • Steam forced from high to low pressure produces power (James Watt inventor of steam engine)
  • Effect of steam engine
    • Steam power, used where ever coal existed
2 1 f iron and coal energy for the industrial revolution1
2.1 F: Iron and Coal: Energy for the Industrial Revolution
  • The Need for Iron
    • Farming tools, new factory machines, railways
    • Smelting makes iron more pure, but requires carbon.
  • The Need for coal
    • Carbor necessary for smelting iron
    • Steam engines powered by coal
  • Effect of Iron and Coal
    • Britain produced more iron than any other country
    • Coal powered Britain’s enormous navy
2 1 g transportation1
2.1 G: Transportation
  • The need for transportation
    • Increased production; increased the need to transport goods quickly and cheaply
    • Traditional society used horses, mules and dirt roads
  • Inventions
    • Stone and eventually asphalt roads
    • Canals
    • Railroads in 1829
  • Effect of Railroads
    • Expanded rapidly through Britain
    • Cheaper transportation increased production and profits
2 1h why britain led the industrial revolution
2.1H: Why Britain Led the Industrial Revolution
  • Geography
    • Climate good for textile production
    • Plenty of natural resources like iron and coal
  • Government
    • Internal trade encouraged
    • People allowed to relocate
    • Build canals and roads
  • Colonial Empire
    • Supplied raw materials for manufactored goods
  • Advantages of Industrializing First
    • No other country to compete with
    • Monopoly on technology