Détente and the Collapse of Communism. Leonid Brezhnev (1906-1982). was a key actor in the ouster of Khrushchev emerged as the leader of the U.S.S.R. by the early-1970s. Brezhnev cracked-down on dissidents ( i. e. citizens who opposed the government). Andrey Sakharov.
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built-up the military
at the expense of
(wanted a navy as
large as the U.S.A.’s in order to avoid being humiliated again like the Cuban Missile Crisis)
The Nixon administrationentered into a dialogue with the Soviet Union aimed at easing the Cold War tension existing between the two countries.
He later visits Communist China (PRC).
and got bogged-down in a Viet Nam style war.
He tried to face the problems openly:
1. perestroika - restructuring of the economy
2. glasnost - openness in cultural and political affairs
1. had problems
2. sought aid and solutions from both internal and external sources.
-gained great popularity
-was elected president of Russia