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Native Americans

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  1. Native Americans

  2. Cornell Notes • Set up Cornell Notes on IN Page 81 • Title: Early Native Americans • Essential Question: What do we know about early Native Americans in Utah?

  3. Adaptation & Migration • The story of Utah’s Native Cultures is one of adaptation & migration • Adaptation: changing the way we do things in order to survive to a changing environment • Migration: moving from one place to another to survive

  4. Prehistoric native Americans • Prehistoric Native Americans are those that lived before white explorers & missionaries were around to write about them • Most of what we know about these Prehistoric Natives was found near Wendover in Danger Cave & Hogup Cave

  5. Paleo-Indians • Paleo-Indians are the earliest people of North America • Paleo means very ancient • These early Native Americans were hunter-gatherers • They made spears and hunted large mammals • They gathered seeds, roots, nuts & plants

  6. The Archaic Indians • After the Paleo-Indians came the Archaic (ancient) Indians • Often called “Desert Gatherers” • Lived here for 6,000 years

  7. The Archaic Indians • Timed their moves with seasons so they could find food and survive all year long • Their shelters were called wicki-ups, which were made of tree branches & limbs (covered with Earth) • Various baskets were made for different purposes (drying food, gathering & carrying things & even storing water) • Main weapon: atlatl (spear thrower)

  8. Code Marking System • Read through your Cornell Notes (Early Native Americans on IN Page 81) and use the code marking system to: • Highlight important information (you can use a highlighter, different colored pen or colored pencil) • Circle Key Terms • Put (*) next to things you think I’ll ask you on a test • Put (?) next to information you don’t understand (and then ask me about it!)

  9. Warm-Up (IN Page 86 TOP) • You’ll need a textbook… • When did Anasazi & Fremont cultures disappear? (Page 53) • The Anasazi & Fremont cultures disappeared in… • List out the theories of why these cultures may have disappeared. (Page 53) • Anasazi & Fremont cultures may have disappeared because… • What are the 5 historic Native American tribes that lived in Utah?(Page 55) • The 5 historic Native American tribes that lived in Utah were… • How many different types of Utes are found in Utah? List them. (Page 55) • There are ____ types of Utes found in Utah. The types of Utes are…

  10. Cornell Notes Summary • Turn to your Cornell Notes on IN Page 81. • Read through your notes & questions • Write a 3-5 sentence summary (with complete sentences) of your notes

  11. IN Page 87: • Title: Geography of Native Americans • As we watch the film, write 10 facts about Native Americans in Utah

  12. Historic Native AmericansEssential Question: What do we know about historic native Americans? Cornell Notes IN Page 88

  13. Historic Native Americans • After the Fremont & Anasazi cultures (AKA Ancient Puebloans) disappeared, “historic” natives moved into the region • Historic Natives: those that were around when European explorers, trappers & missionaries came to the region • These Europeans would record information about the Natives in their diaries, journals & letters

  14. Bands  Tribes • Utah’s historic natives belonged to bands (or “clans” to the Navajo) • The bands were part of larger groups called tribes • During the time of the explorers, the Utes were the largest tribe • All 5 of Utah’s historic native tribes spoke different languages & had different cultures & rituals

  15. The Land • Tribal lands were very important and were often protected from outsiders • The land was used by everyone in the tribe • Land provided food, building materials, clothing & art materials for all native peoples

  16. Extra Credit Opportunity • Find a newspaper or magazine article (this can be from an internet site) about politics (government). • The article can focus on Utah, United States or foreign politics. • Write one paragraph (at least 6 sentences) explaining the article (include who, what, when, where, why & how) and another paragraph that tells me your opinion of the article (at least 5 sentences) • Print or cut out the article and attach it to your response • Due no later than 1/9/13. Worth: up to 30 points

  17. Warm-Up (IN Page 86 BOTTOM) • Write at least 4-5 sentences telling me about your Winter Break. • Include how you celebrated the holidays & any traditions you have and what you did for Christmas & New Year.

  18. Code Marking System • Read through your Cornell Notes (Early Native Americans on IN Page 88) and use the code marking system to: • Highlight important information (you can use a highlighter, different colored pen or colored pencil) • Circle Key Terms • Put (*) next to things you think I’ll ask you on a test • Put (?) next to information you don’t understand (and then ask me about it!) • Next, write your Left Side Questions for your notes