Nonverbal Communication Mrs. CurryLecture Notes Ch. 5
Understanding NV comm. • Nonverbal Communication: a system of symbolic behaviors that includes all form of communication except words. • Wave= goodbye, hello, go ahead, I’m over here • How are you communicating with the people around you when you don’t talk? • Some nonverbal comm. Reinforces the spoken message. If you were meeting someone for the first time, how could you greet the person in a way that shows you are friendly? • Some nonverbal comm. Contradicts the spoken message. What would be a nonverbal clue that someone is lying to you? • Some nonverbal comm. Substitutes for a spoken message. What is one way to say hello without speaking?
Characteristics of Nonverbal Comm. • Subconcious- unaware • Contextual- depends on the situation • Ambiguous- open to interpretation and often confusing Why are some forms of NV Comm considered ambiguous? • Cultural- not the same in all languages/environments
Types of NV Comm. • How is the voice a form of nonverbal communication? • What are the characteristics of voice? • Pitch- highness or lowness of sound on a musical scale • Volume-loudness or softness • Tone- specific vocal quality • Duration- how fast/slow you speak • How can a pleasant speaking voice be beneficial?
Body Talk as NV Comm. • Why is your personal appearance an important part of your nonverbal communication? • How can having good posture produce a positive image? • Gesture- a movement of any part of the body that reinforces another message or acts as a substitute for speech. • Movement- generally refers to the way you walk from one place to another. • Facial Communication- facial expressions
Space and Distance • Intimate- up to 18 inches from your body • Personal- 18 inches to 4 feet from the body • Social- 4 feet to 12 feet • Public- 12 feet to 25 feet
Time Communication • Time management- how you use your time reflects your priorities and sends messages about your effectiveness as a student, employee, and a communicator.
Environmental Cues • Artifacts- articles of adornment you use to decorate yourself or your surroundings. • Ex: clothing, pictures on the walls, posters, books