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26:1 Origins of the Cold War. U.S. v. U.S.S.R. Capitalism v. Communism Democracy v. communism Nonaggression Pact Delay in Western Europe Attack Atomic Bomb. United Nations. 1945 NYC Superpowers use UN to promote own agenda Security Council v. General Assembly.

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u s v u s s r
U.S. v. U.S.S.R
  • Capitalism v. Communism
  • Democracy v. communism
  • Nonaggression Pact
  • Delay in Western Europe Attack
  • Atomic Bomb
united nations
United Nations
  • 1945NYC
  • Superpowers use

UN to promote own agenda

  • Security Council v. General Assembly
harry s truman 33 rd president
Harry S. Truman33rd President
  • FDR April 12, 1945
  • Clueless but decisive
potsdam conference big three
Potsdam ConferenceBig Three
  • Truman, Stalin, Churchill/Attlee
  • Issues
    • Eastern European elections
    • Free trade
satellite nations
Satellite Nations
  • Buffer zone
  • Raw materials/market for goods
cold war 1945 1991
Cold War 1945-1991
  • Europe Divided
  • Truman foreign policy: containment
  • Churchill’s Iron Curtain Speech
truman doctrine
Truman Doctrine
  • Containment
  • Greek Civil War
  • Turkey
  • $400 million
marshall plan
Marshall Plan
  • Conditions in Europe
  • 1947 Secretary of State George Marshall
  • $13 billion to 16 countries
  • Western Europe and US economies flourished
german reunification
German Reunification
  • Allies combine western zones
  • Berlin blockade
berlin airlift
Berlin Airlift
  • Operation Vittles
  • Stats
  • Supplies
  • effects
federal republic of germany west germany
Federal Republic of GermanyWest Germany

German Democratic Republic

East Germany

nato north atlantic treaty organization
NATONorth Atlantic Treaty Organization
  • Defensive military alliance
  • U.S. peacetime military alliance
china
China
  • U.S. Chiang Kai-shek/ Nationalists
  • weaknesses
slide19

China

  • U.S.S.R. Mao Zedong/ Communists
  • strengths
china s civil war
China’s Civil War
  • U.S. sent $3 billion-no troops-Containment fails!
  • 2 Chinas
    • Nationalist China-Taiwan
    • People’s Republic of China
south korea republic of korea
South KoreaRepublic of Korea
  • U.S. occupied south of 38th parallel
  • Seoul
north korea people s republic of korea
North KoreaPeople’s Republic of Korea
  • USSR-north of 38th parallel
  • Kim Il sung
  • Pyongyang
korean war 1950 1953
Korean War 1950-1953
  • June 25, 1950 North invades South
  • United Nations
    • Soviet Veto?
  • General MacArthur-US led UN Coalition
northern advances
Northern Advances
  • Cross 38th
  • Take Seoul
  • Push to Pusan
macarthur s counterattack
MacArthur’s Counterattack
  • Inchon Landing
  • Push north from Pusan
  • Trapped ½ north Korean army
  • N. Korean army retreats across 38th
un us troops advance into north korea
UN/US troops advance into North Korea
  • Cross the 38th??
  • Push to the Yalu River
china enters korean war
China enters Korean War
  • 300,000 cross the Yalu
  • Push UN/US back across the 38th
  • Seoul
  • Who is fighting who???
1951 stalemate
1951 Stalemate
  • General Mac Arthur’s plan to end the stalemate-attack China
    • Blockade
    • Nukes
    • Invasion
  • Implications
macarthur v truman
MacArthur v. Truman
  • Limited war in Korea
  • No war against China
  • MacArthur undermines Truman’s authority
  • MacArthur fired
  • “Old soldiers never die, they just fade away”
armistice in korea
Armistice in Korea
  • 38th parallel
  • DMZ at the 38th
  • Costs
    • 54,000
    • $67 billion
  • Success????
north v south korea today
North v. South Korea today

South:

48 million

27,700/year

57 TV stations

300,000 internet hosts

North:

22 million

1,800/year

4 TV stations

3 internet hosts

united states of america
United States of America

307 million

$47,500

2,218 TV stations

383 million internet hosts