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SENTENCE TYPES. SIMPLE, COMPOUND, COMPLEX, COMPOUND-COMPLEX. Subject. The  subject  of a sentence is the person, place, thing, or idea that is  doing  or  being  something. dog, Ms. Brunson, Chili’s, my soul. Verb .

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sentence types

SENTENCE TYPES

SIMPLE, COMPOUND, COMPLEX, COMPOUND-COMPLEX

subject
Subject
  • The subject of a sentence is the person, place, thing, or idea that is doing or being something.
    • dog, Ms. Brunson, Chili’s, my soul
slide3
Verb
  • Verbs are a class of words used to show the performance of an action (do, throw, run), existence (be), possession (have), or state (know, love) of a subject. To put it simply a verb shows what something or someone does.
clauses
CLAUSES
  • A clauseis a group of related words containing a subject and a verb
    • An independent clausecan stand on its own
      • She is older than her brother.
    • A dependent clause cannot stand on its own
      • Since she is older than him, she can tell him what to do.
      • (Subordinating conjunction: will review later in the slides.)
s imple s entences
SIMPLE SENTENCES
  • one independent clause
    • Can stand alone
    • Example:
      • We drove from Connecticut to Tennessee.

Lone Ranger

c ompound s entence
COMPOUND SENTENCE
  • More than one independent clause
  • Contains one FANBOYS(aka coordinating conjunctions):
    • For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So
  • Example:
    • We were exhausted, butwe arrived in time.

i.e. love birds

coordinating conjunction
COORDINATING CONJUNCTION
  • FANBOYS:
    • For
    • And
    • Nor
    • But
    • Or
    • Yet
    • So

* A semi-colon can also be used in the place of a “comma conjunction” as long as the two independent clauses relate to one another.*

c omplex s entences
COMPLEX SENTENCES
  • One independent clause, and at least one dependent clause
  • Contains a subordinating conjunction: establishes a connection from the independent clause to the dependent clause
  • Examples:
    • Since he loved acting, he refused to give up his dream of being in the movies.
    • Unless we act now, all is lost.

i.e. Disney World

s ubordinating c onjuctions
afteralthoughasas ifas long asas thoughbecausebeforeeven ifeven thoughifif onlyin order thatnow that

oncerather thansinceso thatthanthatthoughtillunlessuntilwhenwheneverwherewhereaswhereverwhile

SUBORDINATING CONJUCTIONS
c ompound c omplex s entence
COMPOUND-COMPLEX SENTENCE
  • Morethan one independent clause, and at least onedependent clause
  • Examples:
      • After it was all over, my dad claimed he knew we were planning something, but we think he was really surprised.
quiz simple compound complex or compound complex
QUIZ: simple, compound, complex, or compound-complex
  • Pauline and Bruno have a big argument every summer over where they should spend their summer vacation.
  • Pauline loves to go to the beach and spend her days sunbathing.
  • Bruno, on the other hand, likes the view that he gets from the log cabin up in the mountains, and he enjoys hiking in the forest.
  • Pauline says there is nothing relaxing about chopping wood, swatting mosquitoes, or cooking over a woodstove.
  • Bruno dislikes sitting on the beach; he always gets a nasty sunburn.
q uiz c ontinued
QUIZ CONTINUED…
  • Bruno tends to get bored sitting on the beach, watching the waves, getting sand in his swimsuit, and reading detective novels for a week.
  • This year, after a lengthy, noisy debate, they decided to take separate vacations.
  • Bruno went to the White Mountains of New Hampshire, and Pauline went to Cape Cod.
  • Although they are 250 miles apart, they keep in constant contact on the internet.
  • Bruno arrived in the White Mountains, but because he got snowed in, he did not enjoy his vacation.
answers
Simple

Simple

Compound-complex

Simple

Compound

Simple

Complex

Compound

Complex

Compound-complex

ANSWERS
homework
HOMEWORK
  • INCLUDE at least THREE sentences of each sentence type in your Rough Draft #2.
    • Simple
    • Compound
    • Complex
    • Compound-complex

DUE TUESDAY