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Sentence Types. A sentence can be defined as a group of words expressing a complete thought . A clause is defined as a group of words containing a subject and a predicate . Subject and Predicate.

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Sentence types
SentenceTypes


Sentence types

A sentence can be defined as a group of words expressing a complete thought.A clause is defined as a group of words containing a subject and a predicate.


Subject and predicate
Subject and Predicate

Subject: The Subjectis the part of sentence that shows what the sentence is about, or who or what performs the action.

Example: Moby is a robot.

In this sentence, “Moby” is the subject.

Predicate: The Predicate is the part of the sentence containing the verb and stating something about the subject.

Example: Moby is a robot.

In this sentence, the predicate would be “is a robot.”


Independent and dependent clauses
Independent and Dependent Clauses

A sentence can be one or more independent clauses or the combination of a dependent clause and an independent clause.

An Independent Clause is a group of related words that can stand alone as a complete sentence.

Example: I like listening to music.

A Dependent Clause is a group of words that cannot stand alone.

Example: while I exercise

“while I exercise” cannot stand alone as a complete sentence. It needs to be attached to an independent clause.


Sentence types1
Sentence Types

Simple

Compound

Complex

Compound Complex


Simple sentence
Simple Sentence

A Simple Sentence is a sentence consisting of an independent clause with a single or

compound (more than one) subject and predicate.

Examples:

The dog chased the cat.

Jane got an A+ on her math and spelling tests.

Henry and his brother went swimming and fishing.


Compound sentence
Compound Sentence

A compound sentence is a sentence that contains two or more independent clauses combined by one or more coordinating conjunctions or a semicolon.

Examples:

The dog chased the cat, but the cat got away.

This sentence uses “but” to join two independent clauses.

Jane is a model student; she got an A+ on her spelling test.

This sentence uses a semi-colon to join two independent clauses.


Coordinating conjunctions

For

And

Nor

But

Or

Yet

So

Coordinating Conjunctions


Compound sentences
Compound Sentences

To create a compound sentence, use either a comma and a coordinating conjunction or a semi-colon. Then add another sentence

Example:

I like reading. I sort of like writing. I don’t like giving oral reports.

I like reading, and I sort of like writing, but I don’t like giving oral reports.

I love swimming; it’s my favorite sport.


Commas with coordinating conjunctions
Commas with Coordinating Conjunctions

To join two or more sentences, place a comma at the end of the first complete sentence, add one of the appropriate coordinating conjunctions, and add the next complete sentence.

Examples:

I am reading Hoot, and my friend is reading The Outsiders.

I went to the beach yesterday, but I never went

in the water.


Semicolons
Semicolons

Semicolons(;) can be used to join two complete sentences that share a similar thought. When using a semicolon, you don’t need to capitalize the first letter of the second sentence.

Examples:

The boy is going home; he intends to stay there.

Words like however, therefore, moreover, and nevertheless, can also be used with semicolons.

The boy is going home; however, he intends to return soon.


Complex sentences
Complex Sentences

A Complex Sentence is a sentence that contains an independent clauseand one or more dependent clauses.

Examples:

Alex likes listening to music while he exercises.

Whenever he’s at the gym, Alex likes listening to music while he exercises.


Subordinating conjunctions
Subordinating Conjunctions

  • You can begin and/or end your sentence with a subordinating conjunction (dependent clause).

  • You usually won’t need a comma when you place the subordinating conjunction and dependent clause at the end of a sentence.

  • When you begin a sentence with a subordinating conjunction and dependent clause, you will need to place a comma before the independent clause. (just like this sentence)


Compound complex sentences
Compound Complex Sentences

A compound-complex sentence is a sentence with at least two independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses.

Examples:

Since I started reading Hoot, I’ve been reading it every chance I get, and I’m almost finished with it.

Although Officer Delinkosometimes acts like a fool, his heart is in the right place, and he always tries to do what is right.


Review
Review

What is a sentence?

What is an independent clause?

What is a dependent clause?

What is a simple sentence?

What is a compound sentence?

What is a complex sentence?

What is a compound-complex sentence?