Warm-up!!! • Finish your Jefferson V. Hamilton Wksheet
President John Adams 2nd President of United States 1797-1801 Party: Federalist
Election 1797 • The Candidates • Federalist: John Adams • Democratic-Republican: Thomas Jefferson Democrat-Republican Federalist VS.
Election 1797 • Thomas Jefferson was the runner up so he became the vice president. • The country had a president and vice president from two different political parties! • At this time the Constitution stipulated that the runner-up became VP.
Impact of the Election • Sectionalism- Placing the interest of one region over another. • Northern states voted for Adams, Southern states voted for Jefferson. • 12th Amendment-Allowed for the electoral college to vote for VP separately.
Adams Administration Key Info • XYZ Affair • Alien and Sedition Acts • Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions • Pg. 194-196
XYZ Affair President Adams sent a delegation to Paris in 1797 French demanded a large loan of $10 million and a bribe of $250K for U.S. privilege of merely talking to foreign minister Talleyrand http://www.thespoof.com/picstore/celebs/big.bird.50.jpg
XYZ Affair Negotiations broke down and Marshall came home “Millions for defense not one cent for tribute” became the US Rally cry. US enters a Quasi War with France (Undeclared Naval Warfare, 1798-1799)
XYZ Affair • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ORbiuWEQW6s
Alien and Sedition Acts (1798) Purpose: Federalists passed a series of oppressive laws in 1798 that would silence criticism of the Federalist Party. Raised residency requirements for U.S. citizenship from 5 yrs to 14 yrs President empowered to deport "dangerous" foreigners http://us.i1.yimg.com/us.yimg.com/i/travel/dg/maps/9b/750x750_unitedstates_m.gif
Alien and Sedition Acts (1798) Anyone who impeded the policies of gov't or falsely defamed its officials, incl. the president, would be liable to a heavy fine and imprisonment What about the 1st amendment?
John Adams • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xqAt8A0W204
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions Jefferson & Madison secretly created a series of resolutions Premise: States had the right to nullify unconstitutional laws passed by Congress
The XYZ Affair • “The Paris Monster” • “Cease bawling monster, we will not give you a sixpence.” • Answer skill builder questions on pg. 195