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Adjective/Noun Agreement. It all has to match!. Number and Gender. Adjectives are words which describe nouns or pronouns. In Spanish, all adjectives must agree in number and gender with the nouns they describe. Gender : nouns are either masculine or feminine

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Adjective noun agreement

Adjective/Noun Agreement

It all has to match!


Number and gender
Number and Gender

  • Adjectives are words which describe nouns or pronouns.

  • In Spanish, all adjectives must agree in number and gender with the nouns they describe.

  • Gender : nouns are either masculine or feminine

  • Number: nouns are either singular or plural.


So what is a masculine noun anyway
So what is a “masculine” noun anyway?

  • Masculine nouns usually end with the letters L-O-N-E-R-S.

  • Feminine nouns usually end in the letters

    D-ion-Z-A.

  • To make nouns or adjectives plural add “s” to words ending with vowels, add “es” to words ending with consonants.

    Ex. El chico ---- Los chicos

    el papel ---- Los papeles


Examples of maculine and feminine nouns
Examples of maculine and feminine nouns :

Masculine Feminine

L – el papel D – la ciudad

O – el amigo ion – la televisión

N – el jardín Z – la actriz

E – el cine A – la amiga

R – el borrador

S – el sacapuntos


Are these nouns masculine or feminine
Are these nouns masculine or feminine?

  • Lección

  • Tinta

  • Universidad

  • Edificio

  • dedo


How to use adjectives
How to use adjectives

  • Unlike English, in Spanish, adjectives usually follow the nouns they describe.

    Ex. Un chico trabajador

    Unos chicos trabajadores

    Un chica trabajadora

    Unas chicas trabajadoras


How would you say the following
How would you say the following?

  • The short girl

  • A fat dog

  • The pretty shirt

  • Some ugly pants


Exceptions
Exceptions:

  • When a noun or adjective ends in “Z” the z is changed to a “c” before making it plural

  • The following are common exceptions to gender rules:

    • El agua

    • La mano

    • El problema (and other words ending with “ma”)

    • La flor

    • La sal


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