Human Trafficking and Smuggling OAS/IOM introductory course on the human rights of migrants, including migrant workers and their families Washington DC - March 6, 2008 Anke Strauss - Liaison Officer Office of the IOM Permanent Observer to the United Nations.
OAS/IOM introductory course on the human rights of migrants, including migrant workers and their families
Washington DC - March 6, 2008
Anke Strauss - Liaison Officer
Office of the IOM Permanent Observer to the United Nations
The recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons, by means of threat, use of force or other means of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the receiving or giving of payment… to a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation.
(UN Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in persons, especially Women and Children)
Smuggling of Migrants:
The procurement, in orderto obtain directly or indirectly, a financial or other material benefit of the illegal entry of a person into a State Party of which the person is not a national or a permanent resident.
(UN Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air)Trafficking in persons vs. Smuggling of Migrants
Threat of Force or Use of Force
Abduction or abuse of power
Characteristics of Trafficking
In the countries of origin:
In the countries of destination:
Victim-centred and Rights-based
Concern for the victim lies at the centre of all IOM’s activities.
Sound Migration Policies
Human Rights Based