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Grammar book part 2. Julia Ladd. Preterites. Cucarachas: Decir - dir Hacer - har Poner - poder Salilr - saldr Tener - tendr Valer - vendr Poder - podr Querer - querr Saber- sabr. Spock verb: Hacer Dar Yo Hice Di Tu Hiciste Diste

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Preterites
Preterites

Cucarachas:

Decir- dir

Hacer- har

Poner- poder

Salilr- saldr

Tener- tendr

Valer- vendr

Poder- podr

Querer- querr

Saber- sabr

Spock verb: Hacer Dar

YoHice Di

TuHicisteDiste

El/Ella HizoDio

NosotrosHicimosDimos

EllosHicieronDieron

Snakeys:

Changes in only third person:

CreriCreisteCreyoCreimosCreyeron

Preterites:

Ar:Er/Ir

E I

AsteIste

O Io

Amos Imos

AronIeron


Demonstarvives
Demonstarvives

  • Used in place of a noun or an adjective.

  • Neuters don’t change in gender or carry an accent mark.

Singular: Meaning: Plural:

Este, Esta This, These Estos,Estas

Ese, Esa That, Those Esos, Esas

Aquel, Aquella Over There Aquellos, Aquellas

Aqui Este

AlliEse, Ese

AllaAquel, Aquel


Ordinal numbers and locations
Ordinal Numbers and Locations

Ordinal: Number:

Primero-a First

Segundo-a Second

Tercero-a Third

Cuarto-a Forth

Quinto-a Fifth

Sexto-a Sixth

Septimo-a Seventh

Octavo-a Eigth

Noveno-a Ninth

Decimo-a Tenth

Abajo: Down:

Arriba Up

Debajo de Underneath

Dentro de Inside (of)

Encima de On top (of)

Fuera de Outside (of)


Future
Future

Los irregulares:

Decir- dir

Hacer- har

Poner- poder

Salilr- saldr

Tener- tendr

Valer- vendr

Poder- podr

Querer- querr

Saber- sabr

Infinite +

-e

-as

-a

-emos

-an

Ar, Er, Ir


Imperfect
Imperfect

  • Uses: speak about backround events in a story, talk about something you used to do, speak about how old someone was, or to say what time it was.

Ser: Ir: Ver:

Era IbaVeia

Eras IbasVeias

Era IbaVeia

EramosIbamosVeiamos

EranIbanVeian


Possessives
Possessives

  • Stressed: Long form

  • Unstressed: Short form

  • Of mine, of yours, or his, etc.

Mio: Mia: My (of) mine

TeyoTuya (a) Your (of), yours

SuyoSuya (a) Yours (of) yours

His (of), Hers (of)


Reflexives
Reflexives

  • Reflexive verbs take pronoun called a reflexive pronoun.

  • Reflexive pronoun is the same person, place, or thing.

Me escondo

Teescondes

Se esconde

Nosescondoemos

Se esconden