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Structure and Function of Human Body 人體結構與功能. by Chung W.Wu,M.S.,R.Ph. Nerve Systyem Electrical Signals Controlled by Nerve System. Action Potential Cell Membrane Ion Channel Electrical Current Membrane Potential Resting Membrane Potential Na-K Pump . Neurotransmitter

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slide2

Nerve Systyem

Electrical Signals

Controlled by Nerve System

slide3

Action Potential

Cell Membrane

Ion Channel

Electrical Current

Membrane Potential

Resting Membrane

Potential

Na-K Pump

slide4

Neurotransmitter

(Chemical Neurotransmitter)

1. Ach

2. Nor-Epinephrine

Epinephrine

Dopamine

Serotonin

3. GABA

slide5

Serotonin:

Hallucination

Stress:

Serotonin Decrease

Nor-Epinephrine Increase

Attack Action

slide6

Electroencephalogram

(EEG)

Germany—Hans Berger

Brain Wave:

Brain Nerve Cell Action

Potential

slide7

1.Alpha

2.Beta

3.Delta

4.Theta

slide8

Sleep and Brain Waves

1. Rapid eye movement Sleep

(REM)

2. Nonrapid eye movement Sleep

(NREM)

slide9

Sleep Disorder

1. Insomnia

2. Sleepwalking

3. Bed-Wetting

4. Narcolepsy

5. Sleep Apnea

slide10

Digestive System

Digestive Tract

口腔---食道---胃---小腸---大腸---肛門

slide11

Accessory Structure

牙齒 舌頭 唾液 肝臟 膽囊 胰臟

Total Length:

9 Meter

slide12

The Nerve Innervation of

Digestive Tract

Autonomic Nervous System

SNS:抑制平滑肌收縮及腺體分泌

PNS

slide13

Enteric Nervous System

內在神經系統

控制腸胃道的運動

slide14

The Secretion of Alimentary Tract

1. Secretion of Saliva

Composition of Saliva

1000---1500 ml/Daily

99.5% Water

0.5% Solute

NaCl

HCO3

HPO4

溶菌酶 澱粉酶(Starch—Maltose)

slide15

The Function of Saliva

1. Digestion

2. 殺菌作用

3. 潤滑食物

4. 清潔口腔

slide16

Gastric Secretion

1. Pepsin(pH1.8—3.5)

2. Gastric Acid

3. 凝乳酶

slide17

The Mechanism of Gastric Secretion

1. CO2+H2 O--------H2CO3

2. H2CO3 ------H +HCO3

slide18

The Protection Mechanism

of Parietal Cells

1. Soluble Mucus

2. HCO3 Secretion

胃壁細胞分泌

Caffeine Content

slide19

The Composition of

Gastric Acid

H+, Na+ , K+

Cl- , HCO3

slide20

Caffeine Content

Caffeine(mg/cup)

Brewed 100-150

Instant 50-90

Decaffeinated 2-10

Tea 50-150

Cola 35-55

slide21

Secretion of Pancreatic Enzyme

1.2---1.5 liter/daily

1. Pancreatic Amylase

2. Pancreatic Lipase

3. Cholesterol Esterase

4. Trypsin胰蛋白酶

5. Carboxypolypeptidase

slide22

Secretion of Bile

膽鹽:

1. 幫助脂肪的消化與吸收

2. 排除代謝物

Bilirubin,Cholesterol

slide23

Liver

1. Synthesis of Bile

800---1000 ml

2. Storage of Vit.A,B12,D,E

Glucagon

3. Detoxification of Enzyme in Liver

4. Synthesis of Heparin

(anticoagulation)

5. 吞噬已破壞之紅血球

slide24

腸液(酵素)

1. 消化碳水化合物

2. 消化蛋白質

3. 消化脂肪

4. 分解Peptide

slide25

膽囊 (Gall Bladder)

Storage of Bile(30---50 ml)

Gallstone

slide27

食糜停留時間24hrs

Anus(肛門)

   排便

slide28

The Reproductive System

Male-----22+XY

Female---22+XX

slide29

Spermatogenesis

Meiosis

Sperm

Head---Chromosome

Tail---Movement

slide30

Semen

Sperm, Buffer Solution

HCO ,HPO

pH=7.5

slide31

Ejaculation

2.5---3.5 ml

100 million Sperms

slide32

Erection

Parasympathetic Stimulation