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Structure and Function of Human Body 人體結構與功能 PowerPoint Presentation
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Structure and Function of Human Body 人體結構與功能

Structure and Function of Human Body 人體結構與功能

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Structure and Function of Human Body 人體結構與功能

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  1. Structure and Function of Human Body人體結構與功能 by Chung W.Wu,M.S.,R.Ph.

  2. Nerve Systyem Electrical Signals Controlled by Nerve System

  3. Action Potential Cell Membrane Ion Channel Electrical Current Membrane Potential Resting Membrane Potential Na-K Pump

  4. Neurotransmitter (Chemical Neurotransmitter) 1. Ach 2. Nor-Epinephrine Epinephrine Dopamine Serotonin 3. GABA

  5. Serotonin: Hallucination Stress: Serotonin Decrease Nor-Epinephrine Increase Attack Action

  6. Electroencephalogram (EEG) Germany—Hans Berger Brain Wave: Brain Nerve Cell Action Potential

  7. 1.Alpha 2.Beta 3.Delta 4.Theta

  8. Sleep and Brain Waves 1. Rapid eye movement Sleep (REM) 2. Nonrapid eye movement Sleep (NREM)

  9. Sleep Disorder 1. Insomnia 2. Sleepwalking 3. Bed-Wetting 4. Narcolepsy 5. Sleep Apnea

  10. Digestive System Digestive Tract 口腔---食道---胃---小腸---大腸---肛門

  11. Accessory Structure 牙齒 舌頭 唾液 肝臟 膽囊 胰臟 Total Length: 9 Meter

  12. The Nerve Innervation of Digestive Tract Autonomic Nervous System SNS:抑制平滑肌收縮及腺體分泌 PNS

  13. Enteric Nervous System 內在神經系統 控制腸胃道的運動

  14. The Secretion of Alimentary Tract 1. Secretion of Saliva Composition of Saliva 1000---1500 ml/Daily 99.5% Water 0.5% Solute NaCl HCO3 HPO4 溶菌酶 澱粉酶(Starch—Maltose)

  15. The Function of Saliva 1. Digestion 2. 殺菌作用 3. 潤滑食物 4. 清潔口腔

  16. Gastric Secretion 1. Pepsin(pH1.8—3.5) 2. Gastric Acid 3. 凝乳酶

  17. The Mechanism of Gastric Secretion 1. CO2+H2 O--------H2CO3 2. H2CO3 ------H +HCO3

  18. The Protection Mechanism of Parietal Cells 1. Soluble Mucus 2. HCO3 Secretion 胃壁細胞分泌 Caffeine Content

  19. The Composition of Gastric Acid H+, Na+ , K+ Cl- , HCO3

  20. Caffeine Content Caffeine(mg/cup) Brewed 100-150 Instant 50-90 Decaffeinated 2-10 Tea 50-150 Cola 35-55

  21. Secretion of Pancreatic Enzyme 1.2---1.5 liter/daily 1. Pancreatic Amylase 2. Pancreatic Lipase 3. Cholesterol Esterase 4. Trypsin胰蛋白酶 5. Carboxypolypeptidase

  22. Secretion of Bile 膽鹽: 1. 幫助脂肪的消化與吸收 2. 排除代謝物 Bilirubin,Cholesterol

  23. Liver 1. Synthesis of Bile 800---1000 ml 2. Storage of Vit.A,B12,D,E Glucagon 3. Detoxification of Enzyme in Liver 4. Synthesis of Heparin (anticoagulation) 5. 吞噬已破壞之紅血球

  24. 腸液(酵素) 1. 消化碳水化合物 2. 消化蛋白質 3. 消化脂肪 4. 分解Peptide

  25. 膽囊 (Gall Bladder) Storage of Bile(30---50 ml) Gallstone

  26. Secretion of the Large Intestine K+,HCO3 吸收水份

  27. 食糜停留時間24hrs Anus(肛門)    排便

  28. The Reproductive System Male-----22+XY Female---22+XX

  29. Spermatogenesis Meiosis Sperm Head---Chromosome Tail---Movement

  30. Semen Sperm, Buffer Solution HCO ,HPO pH=7.5

  31. Ejaculation 2.5---3.5 ml 100 million Sperms

  32. Erection Parasympathetic Stimulation