Segregation and the Disenfranchisement of the South. Significant Leaders. W.E.B. DuBois Booker T. Washington Ida Wells. W.E.B. DuBois (1868-1963). Born in Massachusetts Attended school where he excelled academically Attended Fisk University in Tennessee
Booker T. Washington
After emancipation, he worked in salt furnaces and coal mines beginning at age nine
an intelligent and curious child, he yearned for an education and was frustrated when he could not receive good schooling locally
at 16 his parents allowed him to quit work to go to school. They had no money to help him, so he walked 200 miles to attend the Hampton Institute in Virginia and paid his tuition and board there by working as the janitor.Booker T. Washington (1856-1915)
Washington opened what would become Tuskegee Institute in 1881 to train blacks to become teachers.
Gradually gain rights.
Full civil rights now!
He accepted social segregation.
Du Bois believed education was meaningless without equality.
His N.A.A.C.P. was an formed to fight for political equality.
He led what was called “The Niagara Movement”.Booker T. vs. W.E.B.
Jim Crow laws separated the races at movies, ball games, schools, etc.Segregation’s Grip
In addition to the indirect and illegal denial of civil rights blacks encountered legal set backs.
The US Supreme Court in Plessy v. Ferguson approved officially segregated facilities.
Literacy test were used to determine voter eligibility, the following test was given in Alabama in 1965
Cities like New York, Chicago, and Detroit greatly increased their black population.