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The Rise of Segregation. Chapter 6 Section 5. Exodusters. African American migrants to Kansas Led by Benjamin “Pap” Singleton Why did they go?. African Americans and Populists. Colored Farmers’ National Alliance: 1886 1891: Populist party formed, many African-Americans joined

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the rise of segregation

The Rise of Segregation

Chapter 6

Section 5

exodusters
Exodusters
  • African American migrants to Kansas
  • Led by Benjamin “Pap” Singleton
  • Why did they go?
african americans and populists
African Americans and Populists
  • Colored Farmers’ National Alliance: 1886
  • 1891: Populist party formed, many African-Americans joined
  • Democrats threatened “Black Republican” rule
taking away the vote
Taking Away the Vote
  • 15th Amendment: states cannot deny the vote based on “race, color, or previous condition of servitude”
  • 1890: Mississippi introduced $2 poll tax and literacy test
  • Other states followed suit
  • “Grandfather Clause”
segregation
Segregation
  • De facto: Northern segregation
    • People lived in different areas
  • De jure: Southern segregation
    • Enforced by law
    • Jim Crow laws
jim crow
Jim Crow
  • 1883: Supreme Court overturned Civil Rights Act of 1875-designed to stop segregation
  • 14th Amendment only applied to government owned facilities
  • Southern states began passing laws that enforced segregation in privately owned places
plessy v ferguson
Plessy v. Ferguson
  • 1892: Homer Plessy rode in white only train car and was arrested
  • 1896: Supreme Court upheld the law
  • Separate but equal principal established
ida b wells
Ida B. Wells
  • 1890-1899: average of 187 lynchings per year
  • Wells launched a campaign against lynching
  • Lynching numbers fell in the 1900s
mary church terrell
Mary Church Terrell
  • Fought against lynching, racism and sexism
  • Helped found National Association of Colored Women, NAACP
booker t washington
Booker T. Washington
  • Wanted African-Americans to focus on economic goals, not political ones
  • Atlanta Compromise
    • Postpone fight for civil rights, focus on education
w e b dubois
W.E.B. DuBois
  • The Souls of Black Folk: written in response to Atlanta Compromise
  • Rejected compromise
  • Focused on maintaining and excercising voting rights