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Why Learn First Aid? Lesson 1
The Need for First Aid Every year • 2 million people are hospitalized because of injuries • 140,000 die from injuries • 500,000 die from heart attacks • 150,000 die from strokes • 2 million people are hospitalized because of injuries • 140,000 die from injuries • 500,000 die from heart attacks • 150,000 die from strokes
Emergency Medical Services System • First aid is only the first step • Make sure the EMS system responds • Call 911 or your local or company emergency number
Be Prepared for Emergencies KNOW: • What to do • Where first aid kits are kept • Emergency phone numbers Do you use 911 or a different emergency telephone number?
Preventing Emergencies • Most injuries can be prevented • Take steps! • Always follow safety procedures required by OSHA
Not if you protect yourself: Act onlyas you are trained to act Get a victim’s consent before giving first aid Can You be Sued for Giving First Aid?
Can You be Sued for Giving First Aid? • Do not move a victim unnecessarily • Call for professional help • Keep giving care until help arrives
Good Samaritan Laws • Most states have laws to encourage people to help others in an emergency • These laws protect you legally when you give first aid What are the Good Samaritan laws in your area?
Must You Give First Aid? • In most states there is no legal obligation to give first aid as a citizen or a bystander • If you begin giving first aid, continue giving care and remain with the victim • Your job may require giving first aid, making a legal obligation: A DUTY TO ACT
Must give consent before you can give first aid Tell the person your training and what you will do to help Assumed to give consent (implied consent) A parent/guardian is assumed to give consent if not presentand the child is injured Get the Victim’s Consent Responsive Victim: Unresponsive Victim:
Standard of Care • What others with your same training would do in a similar situation • Do only as you are trained • Any other actions could result in the injury or illness becoming worse
Negligence You may be negligent if: 1. You have a duty to act. 2. You breach that duty. 3. Your actions/inaction cause injury/damages.
Examples • Moving a victim unnecessarily • Doing something you have not been trained to do • Failing to give first aid as you have been trained
Abandonment Abandonment is if you leave the victim and injury/illness becomes worse. • Once you begin giving first aid, do not stop until another trained person takes over • Stay with the victim until the help arrives or someone with equal or greater training takes over
Stop Care only… Justified instances of stopping care: • Exhaustion • Imminent danger
Coping with a Traumatic Event • Talk to others (do not breach confidentiality) • Remind yourself your reaction is normal • Do not be afraid or reluctant to ask for professional help: • Employee Assistance Programs • Member Assistance Programs