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Oral Health Promotion

Oral Health Promotion

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Oral Health Promotion

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  1. Oral Health Promotion By SahbaKazerani & Spencer Close

  2. Why Promote Oral Health? • Improve overall health and well-being • Recognise common oral diseases • Prevent dental pain • Reduce the need for medical/dental treatment • Decrease a lifetime of dental “repairs” • Prevent orthodontic problems

  3. Common Oral Problems: • Xerostomia– Dry Mouth • Caries (Tooth Decay) • Gingivitis (Bleeding gums) • Dental Erosion

  4. Xerostomia Dry Mouth

  5. Xerostomia (Dry Mouth) • Due to lack of saliva – “cotton mouth” • Heavily linked to those on medication • Significant impact on oral health and the increased risk of; • Tooth wear and decay, • Periodontal disease • Oral infections such as candidiasis, glossitis, generalisedstomatitis (Scully & Cawson, 1998)

  6. Candidiasis ApthousStomatitis (Ulcer)

  7. Xerostomia (Dry Mouth) • Dry mouth may present as difficulties with; • Speech • Chewing • Swallowing • Poor denture tolerance • Problems with retention and stability of dentures (Scully & Cawson, 1998)

  8. Preventive Methods • Chewing Sugar Freegum or Xylitol containing gum • Water intake throughout the day

  9. Preventive Methods • Bioteneor Oral Balance Range • Toothpaste, • Dry mouth lubricating liquid • Mouthwash

  10. Caries Tooth Decay

  11. Why do Teeth Decay?

  12. Recommendations! • Avoid a high sugar diet • Use fluoride containing products daily • Good oral hygiene habits; • Brushing 2x a day • Flossing • Stimulate salivary flow; • Dairy products • Chewing gum • Water

  13. Gingivitis Gum Disease

  14. Dental Erosion Acid Erosion

  15. What is Erosion? • Acid erosion, also known as dental erosion, is the irreversible loss of tooth structure due to chemical dissolution by acids • Creates a yellow or transparentappearance on your teeth • May experience sensitivity

  16. Preventing Dental Erosion • Reduce acid exposure (frequency & contact time) • Dietary acids (Cola, Sports drinks, Tea, Juice) • Medications (take with tap water) • Alcohol • Avoid acidic foods & drinks: • In between meals • Time for remineralisation • Late at night • Saliva flow reduced (Lussi & Hellwing, 2006, and Kargul & Bakkal, 2009)

  17. Drinks to Avoid!

  18. Recommendations • Do not hold or swish acidic drinks/beverages in mouth • Avoid sipping acidic drinks; use a straw (flow towards throat instead of tooth surface) • Avoid tooth brushing immediately after acid • Use soft toothbrush & low abrasion fluoride toothpaste (Lussi & Hellwing, 2006, and Kargul & Bakkal, 2009)

  19. Denture Care

  20. Denture Neglect

  21. Denture Care

  22. Dietary Advice

  23. Toothbrushing Instructions

  24. Reference • Kargul B & Bakkal M, (2009), ‘Prevalence, Etiology, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, and Preventive Strategies of Dental Erosion: Literature Review (Part l & Part II),’ International Journal of Oral Sciences and Dental Medicine, volume 43, nop. 3, pp. 165-187 • Lussi A & Hellwig E, (2006), ‘Risk Assessment & Preventive Measures,’ Monographs in Oral Science, volume 20, pp. 190-199 • Mount, GJ & Hume, WR (1998). Preservation and Restoration of Tooth Structure. 1st ed. Australia, Queensland: Knowledge Books and Software. p21-40.