VincinetBugliosi • Born August 18, 1934 • Graduated from UCLA Law School in 1964. • An American Attorney & Author. • Prosecuting attorney in the Manson trial.
CHARLES MANSON -The members of the "family" believed he was God and did anything and everything he asked for. - The Book of Revelations in the Bible, and The Beatles (specifically the “white album) were speaking to him. -Leader of a cult group who lived in a Spahn Ranch north of Los Angeles. - Hitler is Mansons Idol “He said that Hitler was a tuned-in guy who had leveled the karma of the Jews.” (Helter Skelter, Brooks Poston 316) Helter Skelter Citation: Bugliosi, Vincent. Helter Skelter. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, Inc., 1974.
3301 WAVERLY DRIVE MURDERS: Sunday, August 10, 1969 HERE ARE ONLY A FEW VICTIMSOF THE MANSON FAMILY MURDERS Leno & Rosemary LaBianca TATE HOUSE MURDERS (10050 CIELO DRIVE): Saturday, August 9, 1969 Left to Right: Sharon Tate, Jay Sebring, Abigail Fogler, VoytekFrykowsi, & Steven Parent. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lFr4zSA_EhI&feature=related
D E F E N D A N T S TheTATE-LABIANCA MURDERERS Susan Atkins Leslie Van Houten Patricia Krenwinkel Tex Watson. • TATE MURDERERS • Tex Watson • Susan Atkins • Linda Kasabian • Patricia Krenwinkel • LABIANCA MURDERERS • Leslie Van Houten • Patricia Krenwinkel • Tex Watson • Present • Steve “Clem” Grogan • Linda Kasabian • Charles Manson Linda Kasabian Prosecution Witness
Setting • Summer of August 9, 1969 – April 19, 1971 • Los Angeles, California. • The setting and atmosphere of this book isn’t very pleasant. • Why is it important?
Exposition • The book begins with the night, August 9, 1969, the Tate Residence was slaughtered following the next night the murder of the LaBiancas. • “The family”, victims, attorneys, and others are introduced. • On November 18, 1969, Bugliosi had been given his greatest responsibility to date: trying the Tate-LaBianca murder case.
Rising Action • Linda Kasabian voluntarily surrendered to police. She wanted to tell her story * • Linda tied everything together – 12 days on trial and she never changed her story (unlike Susan Atkins) • Irving Kenerick – Charles attorney would stall the trial * • Manson snuck in a newspaper in which Nixon declared “Manson Guilty” * • Mid-Trial, Ronald Hughes, Leslie V.H.’s attorney goes missing. 3-4 weeks later, he was found dead. Killer: Unknown. • Trial out for 10 days.
Climax • Jury deliberated for forty-two hours and forty minutes over a nine day period. • January 25, 1971…Charles Manson, PetriciaKrenwinkel, Susan Atkins, and Leslie Van Houten…the jury finds the defendants GUILTY! • The reading of the verdicts took 38 minutes *
Falling Action • California Supreme Court ruling in 1972 declaring the state's death penalty law unconstitutional. • The death sentences for the four convicted defendants, as well as for Tex Watson who had been convicted and sentenced to death in a separate trial in 1971, were commuted to life in prison. • Those who are part of the family continue to seek those who left the family to kill them since they know too much.
Resolution Manson serves a lifetime sentence and periodically comes up for parole. His next parole date is in 2012. Patricia Krenwinkelis still alive Tex Watson is still alive* Susan Atkins died last winter with terminal brain cancer Leslie Van Houtonset free, on parole. Although Sharon Tate’s mother started petition; “Why should she be free?” * Linda Kasabianis still alive. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TLDxNiy2rt0
Themes Drugs, lies, and sex. The American Dream. Revenge. Justice.
Rating of Book Very Detailed. I never knew who Charles Manson was, and now, he is one of the most interesting people I know. Vincent Bugliosi did a fantastic job.
Capital Punishment • Capital Punishment is “punishment by death for committing a crime. • Mostly commonly used in convictions for murder. • *Imposed for crimes such as • Robbery • Kidnapping • Rape • Treason TIME senior reporter Andrea Sachs reached the author at his home in California. Are you sorry he wasn't executed? I don't use the word sorry, but he should have been executed, and I told the jury, if this was not a proper case for the imposition of the death penalty, then no case ever would be. Manson did not deserve to live. • (Taylor, Robert W. “Capital Punishment.” World Book Student. World Book, 2010. Web. 1 Mar. 2010).
Methods • Guillotine (beheading) – medevial times • Electrocution • Gas Chamber • Hanging • Firing Squad • Lethal Injection: Three drugs • Sodium thiopentalis used to knock the inmate unconsciousness. • Pancuronium bromideto cause muscle paralysis and respiratory arrest. • Potassium chlorideto stop the heart.
Stop hey what’s that sound By: Buffalo Spring field http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f5M_Ttstbgs • There's something happinin herewhat it is aint exactly cleartheres a man with a gun over theretellin me I got to bewareI think it's time we stop, children what's that sound everybody look what's goin downThere's battle lines being drawnnobody's right if everybody's wrongyoung people speakin there mindsgetting so much resistance far behindIt's time we stop,hey what's that soundeverybody look what's goin downWhat a field day for the heata thousand people in the streetsingin songs that they carry insidemostly say hurray for our sideIt's time we stop, hey what's that sound everybody look what's goin downThere are lawyer strikes deepinto your life it will creepit starts when your always afraidstep out of line the man come and take you awayYou better stophey what's that soundeverybody look what's going down…
Poem Simple it seems but complex it is Collection of inspired follies for some, a challenge for others A story without a title, a journey without destination A prolonged joke for some, a momentary pause for others Starts as a friend and deceives as a foe A bed of roses for some, and unending marathon for others A frank deceiver, a bargainer who always won A loose structure incident for some, a nightmare for others Yesterday, today, tomorrow, and so on… A meaningful nonsense for some, a tense snare for others Philosophers’ ever green question and historians’ foster child An equivocal notion for some, a plausible interlude for others Real it seems but dramatic it is A mirage in the desert for some, a concrete impression for others A meaningless enigma, a purposeless clamour, understood by none Still…an optimistic wait for some, a detestable weight for others By: Aamir Aziz
What’s the whole debate? • Constitutionality • Irrevocable Mistakes: incapable of being retracted or revoked. • Deterrence: a negative motivational influence. • Retribution: a justly deserved penalty. • Humane • Cost of Death v. Life in Prison • Race • Income Level • Attorney Quality
FOR • “Simply because an execution method may result in pain, either by accident or as an inescapable consequence of death, does not establish the sort of 'objectively intolerable risk of harm' that qualifies as cruel and unusual... Kentucky has adopted a method of execution believed to be the most humane available, one it shares with 35 other States... Kentucky's decision to adhere to its protocol cannot be viewed as probative of the wanton infliction of pain under the Eighth Amendment... Throughout our history, whenever a method of execution has been challenged in this Court as cruel and unusual, the Court has rejected the challenge. Our society has nonetheless steadily moved to more humane methods of carrying out capital punishment” - John G. Roberts [quoting the opinion of the Court from Farmer v. Brennan, 511 U. S. 825, 842, 846 (1994)] (Baze v. Rees (529 KB). US Supreme Court, in a decision written by Chief Justice John G. Roberts. 16 April 2008)
AGAINST • “Death is... an unusually severe punishment, unusual in its pain, in its finality, and in its enormity... The fatal constitutional infirmity in the punishment of death is that it treats 'members of the human race as nonhumans, as objects to be toyed with and discarded. [It is] thus inconsistent with the fundamental premise of the Clause that even the vilest criminal remains a human being possessed of common human dignity. As such it is a penalty that 'subjects the individual to a fate forbidden by the principle of civilized treatment guaranteed by the [Clause]. I therefore would hold, on that ground alone, that death is today a cruel and unusual punishment prohibited by the Clause... I would set aside the death sentences imposed... as violative of the Eighth and Fourteenth Amendments.” - William J. Brennan [quoting himself from Furman v. Georgia, 408 U.S. 238, 257 (1972)] [quoting C.J. Warren from Trop v. Dulles, 356 U.S. 86, 101 (1958)] (William J. Brennan, JD. Justice of the US Supreme Court. Dissenting opinion in Gregg V. Georgia (347 KB). 2 July 1976)
8th Amendment • The 8th Amendment reads: “excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.”
14th Amendment • “All persons born or naturalized in the United States and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside. No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.”
Cameron Willingham http://www.deathpenaltyinfo.org/multimedia-resources-death-penalty
As of November 3, 2009 there have been 139 exonerations in 26 different States.
FOR "...No system of justice can produce results which are 100% certain all the time. Mistakes will be made in any system which relies upon human testimony for proof. We should be vigilant to uncover and avoid such mistakes. Our system of justice rightfully demands a higher standard for death penalty cases. However, the risk of making a mistake with the extraordinary due process applied in death penalty cases is very small, and there is no credible evidence to show that any innocent persons have been executed at least since the death penalty was reactivated in 1976... The inevitability of a mistake should not serve as grounds to eliminate the death penalty any more than the risk of having a fatal wreck should make automobiles illegal..." - Steven D. Stewart Steven D. Stewart, JD. Prosecuting Attorney for Clark County Indiana. Message on the Clark County Prosecutor website accessed. 6 Aug. 2008.
AGAINST "...Since the reinstatement of the modern death penalty, 87 people have been freed from death row because they were later proven innocent. That is a demonstrated error rate of 1 innocent person for every 7 persons executed. When the consequences are life and death, we need to demand the same standard for our system of justice as we would for our airlines... It is a central pillar of our criminal justice system that it is better that many guilty people go free than that one innocent should suffer... Let us reflect to ensure that we are being just. Let us pause to be certain we do not kill a single innocent person. This is really not too much to ask for a civilized society." - Russ Feingold Russ Feingold, JD. US Senator(D-WI). Introducing the “National Death Penalty Moratorium Act of 2000. 26 April 2000.
Decide for yourself… • Are YOU for or against Capital Punishment? • I hope I have encouraged you all to research more and gain and independent decision for yourself on Capital Punishment.
Bibliography • Helter Skelter Citation: Bugliosi, Vincent. Helter Skelter. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, Inc., 1974. • Taylor, Robert W. “Capital Punishment.” World Book Student. World Book, 2010. Web. 1 Mar. 2010 • Supreme Court. “Capital Punishment.” New York Times. 18 Dec. 2009. Web. 27 Feb. 2010 • Kouchner, Bernard, and Carl Bildt. “Time for a moratorium Against the Death Penalty.” Global Viewpoint Oct. 10 2008: n.p. SIRS Researcher. Web. 17 February 2010 • Ricky McCutcheon’s document, The Debate Over Capital Punishment. • Baze v. Rees (529 KB). US Supreme Court, in a decision written by Chief Justice John G. Roberts. 16 April 2008 • William J. Brennan, JD. Justice of the US Supreme Court. Dissenting opinion in Gregg V. Georgia (347 KB). 2 July 1976 • Cornell Law School Death Penalty Project. “Death Penalty: an overview.” Cornell University Law School. Web. 7 Feb. 2010 • Ernest Van Den Haag, PhD. Late Professor of Jurisprudence at Fordham University. “For the Death Penalty,” New York Times. 17 Oct. 1983 • “The Death Penalty: Questions and Answers,” ACLU.org. 9 April 2007 • Death Penalty Information Center. “Facts about the Death Penalty.” 17 Feb. 2010. Web. 17 Feb. 2010 • Tanner, Robert. “Studies Say Death Penalty Deters Crime.” Lincoln Courier (Lincoln, IL) 11 Jun 2007: n.p. SIRS Researcher. Web. 17 February 2010 • Director of Death Penalty Resources at Justice for All. “Death Penalty and Sentencing Information,” Justice for All website. 1 Oct. 1997 • Long 10 • Richard C. Dieter, MS, JD. Executive Director of the Death Penalty Information Center. Testimony to the Judiciary Committee of the Colorado State House of Representatives regarding “House Bill 1094 – Costs of the Death Penalty and Relating Issues.” 7 Feb. 2007. • Jones, Tim. “Resistance to Death Penalty Building Across U.S.” Chicago Tribune (Chicago, IL) 08 Apr 2007: n.p. SIRS Researcher. Web. 17 February 2010. • Steven D. Stewart D. Stewert, JD. Prosecuting attorney for Clark County Indiana. Message on the Clark Country Prosecutor website accessed. 6 Aug 2008. • Russ Feingold, JD. US Senator (D-WI). Introducing the “National Death Penalty Moratorium Act of 2000”. 26 April 2000. • Russ Feingold, JD. US Senator(D-WI). Introducing the “National Death Penalty Moratorium Act of 2000. 26 April 2000. • Steven D. Stewart, JD. Prosecuting Attorney for Clark County Indiana. Message on the Clark County Prosecutor website accessed. 6 Aug. 2008. • http://www.youtube.com/