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Developing and Maintaining Long-Term Customer Relationships. 12. C H A P T E R. The “Right” Marketing Strategy. Is not about creating a large number of transactions Is one that attracts and retains customers over the long-term Considers customer needs, wants, and expectations

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the right marketing strategy
The “Right” Marketing Strategy
  • Is not about creating a large number of transactions
  • Is one that attracts and retains customers over the long-term
  • Considers customer needs, wants, and expectations
  • Develops long-term relationships
customer relationship management crm
Customer Relationship Management (CRM)
  • Defined as a business philosophy aimed at defining and increasing customer value in ways that motivate customers to remain loyal.
  • About retaining the “right” customers
crm involves
CRM Involves:
  • Customers
  • Employees
  • Supply Chain Partners
  • External Stakeholders
developing relationships in consumer markets
Developing Relationshipsin Consumer Markets
  • A long-term process
  • Goal is to move consumers through levels of increasing relationship intensity
  • Attempts to create true believers and sponsors of the company
  • Recognizes that not all customers have equal value to the firm
  • Involves determining the lifetime value (LTV) of customers
discussion question
Discussion Question
  • A common use of customer relationship management (CRM) in consumer markets is to rank customers on profitability or lifetime value measures. Highly profitable customers get special attention, while unprofitable customers get poor service or are often “fired.” What are the ethical and social issues involved in these practices? Could CRM be misused? How and why?

Strategies for Enhancing and Maintaining Customer Relationships

  • Financial Incentives
    • Using financial incentives to increase customer loyalty
  • Social Bonding
    • Using social and psychological bonds to maintain a clientele
  • Enhanced Customization
    • Using intimate customer knowledge to provide one-to-one solutions or mass customization
  • Structural Bonding
    • Creating customized product offerings that create a unique delivery system for each client

From Exhibit 12.3

developing relationships in business markets
Developing Relationshipsin Business Markets
  • Like CRM in consumer markets, involves moving buyers through increasing levels of relationship intensity
  • Based more on creating structural bonds
  • Creates win-win scenarios
  • Is more involving and complex than CRM in consumer markets
recent changes in business relationships
Recent Changesin Business Relationships
  • A change in buyers’ and sellers’ roles
  • An increase in sole sourcing
  • An increase in team-based buying decisions
  • An increase in productivity through better integration
understanding the role of quality
Understanding the Role of Quality
  • The degree of superiority of a firm’s goods or services
  • The Core Product
    • Satisfies the basic customer need
    • Core product in services (people, processes, and physical evidence)
  • Supplemental Products
    • Add value to the core product
  • Symbolic and Experiential Attributes
    • Usually based on image, prestige, or brand
delivering superior quality
Delivering Superior Quality
  • Understand Customers’ Expectations
  • Translate Expectations into Quality Standards
  • Uphold Quality Standards
  • Don’t Overpromise
marketing strategy in action
Marketing Strategy in Action
  • In the face of high quality competition from Japanese automobile manufacturers, Ford adopted a strategy focused on quality.
  • Has that strategy been successful in convincing you of the quality of Ford’s products? How would you compare Ford in quality to Toyota or Honda?
understanding the role of value
Understanding the Role of Value
  • A simple formula for value:
  • A more useful formula for value:
customer satisfaction the key to customer retention
Customer Satisfaction:The Key to Customer Retention
  • Understanding Customer Expectations
    • Ranges of Customer Expectations
    • The Zone of Tolerance
      • Customer Delight
      • Customer Satisfaction
      • Customer Dissatisfaction
    • Managing Customer Expectations
  • Satisfaction vs. Quality vs. Value
discussion question1
Discussion Question
  • Of the two types of customer expectations, adequate performance expectations fluctuate the most. Describe situations that might cause adequate expectations to increase, thereby narrowing the width of the zone of tolerance. What might a firm do in these situations to achieve its satisfaction targets?
customer satisfaction and customer retention
Customer Satisfactionand Customer Retention
  • Understand what can go wrong
  • Focus on controllable issues
  • Manage customer expectations
  • Offer satisfaction guarantees
  • Make it easy for customers to complain
  • Create relationship programs
  • Make customer satisfaction measurement an ongoing priority
customer satisfaction measurement
Customer Satisfaction Measurement
  • Lifetime Value of a Customer (LTV)
  • Average Order Value (AOV)
  • Customer Acquisition/Retention Costs
  • Customer Conversion Rate
  • Customer Retention Rate
  • Customer Attrition Rate
  • Customer Recovery Rate
  • Referrals
  • Viral Marketing
discussion question2
Discussion Question
  • Given the commoditized nature of many markets today, does customer relationship management – and its associated focus on quality, value, and satisfaction – make sense? If price is the only true means of differentiation in a commoditized market, why should a firm care about quality? Explain.
internal efficiency vs customer service
Internal Efficiency vs. Customer Service
  • Northwest Airlines has damaged its relationships with customers through shortsighted attempts to reduce costs (e.g., cutting magazines, pillows, pretzels, etc.).
  • What strategic moves can NWA make to fight off low-cost carriers?

Beyond the Pages 12.2