General Problem Solving

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# General Problem Solving - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

General Problem Solving . The Four Steps of Problem Solving *. Orient Plan Execute Test These apply to any kind of problem, not just programming or process design

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### General Problem Solving

The Four Steps of Problem Solving*
• Orient
• Plan
• Execute
• Test

These apply to any kind of problem, not just programming or process design

* [Carlson and Bloom, “The Cyclic Nature of Problem Solving: An Emergent Multi-Dimensional Problem Solving Framework”, Educational Studies in Mathematics, Vol. 58 Number 1, 2005]

A Simple Example: Crossing the Street
• Orient: Gather information: amount of traffic, traffic lights, sirens? How does traffic work? Do cars stop for lights? Do bikes? Do pedestrians?
• Plan: Consider various approaches. What if I jaywalk? What if I walk to the corner and cross?
• Execute: Cross the street.
• Check: Did I make it safely? Were there any unexpected hazards? Should I keep using this approach or modify it next time?
Portland Street
• Anyone who has spent time in the US can cross this street safely.
• But do note there is some construction going on, and there is a walk button (not visible in the photo) that you need to push to get a walk signal.
• If you hear a siren, you need to know to stay on the sidewalk.
Hochiminh City, Vietnam
• Tourists have a very hard time crossing the street safely in HCM city. In fact there are special police to help you in the tourist areas!
• As far as I can tell, motorbikes can go through most red lights whereas cars and trucks have to stop. It is ok to cross a street full of motorbikes if you walk slowly and steadily, but never step in front of a car, bus, or truck!
Arc de Triomphe
• The Arc is in the middle of a huge busy traffic circle
• You could get killed crossing the street over to the island where the Arc is… unless you happen to notice the underground tunnels for pedestrians!
Oxford Street
• At this intersection, there is a part of the traffic light cycle where all vehicle traffic stops so pedestrians can cross. The next photo shows a similar intersection in Japan.