Nazi Consolidation of Power? Creating an Iron Grip
Techniques Used • Propaganda and Indoctrination • Nazification of Government • Creating a Police State • Terror
Propaganda and Indoctrination • Joseph Goebbels • Ministry for People’s Enlightenment and Propaganda • Set up in 1933 • List the chambers that it was responsible for (page 44) • Look at Source B page 44 • Summarise what Goebbels thought his job was for • ‘Undesirable Ideas’ • Page 45 refers to Ministry trying to stop the spread of undesirable ideas. Give examples of what these could have been. • Copy Source E on page 45 • Why is it such an odd statement to make?
Nazification of Government • Nazi Party officials were put into key positions in government and the Civil Service. • Give examples of Ministries affected (page 46/7) • They usually promoted Nazi Party members before others • They set up groups that promoted Nazi ideas. • Give examples page 49
Creating a Police State • ‘Protective Custody’ • This was set up after the Reichstag Fire. What was it? what power did it give the Nazis? • Nazification of the Legal System • Why did the Nazis create a ‘People’s Court’ in 1934 (page 47) • Copy Source I page 46. Why is it such a disturbing statement. • SS (Schutzstaffel) and the Gestapo • Originally Hitler’s bodyguard, • what 3 jobs did it take over in Germany from 1934 on. (page 46) • Source G page 46 tells us the job of the Gestapo. Summarise its function
Terror • The SS and Gestapo were not constrained by the law. • In the 1930s, what did they do with most opponents to their regime. Page 47 • List some groups of opponents • Copy Source J page 47 • In the 1930s they still kept most of their violence behind closed doors. Why? • List the one exception to this rule.
The Master Race? • What was meant by an Aryan Master Race? Page 52 • Why did the Nazis talk of “Pure Blood” • Sources A and B page 52 • What were the SS Race Farms designed to do? • What was eugenics and why was it taught in schools? • Page 53 • What races did the Nazis consider as inferior and therefore likely to corrupt Aryan Blood? • Explain the main features of the three stages of Jewish Persecution pages 54/55 • 1933 – 1938 The Denial of Civil Rights • 1938 – 1941 Acceleration of Persecution • 1941 – 1945 The Holocaust
Acceleration of Persecution • What were Ghettoes? • What were Einsatzgruppen? • What was the difference between a Concentration Camp and a Death Camp? • Other than Jews, which other groups were sent to Concentration and Death Camps? • Why were these groups victimised? • Who manned the Concentration and Death Camps? • What resources were diverted by the Nazis to exterminate Jews and the other groups?
Opposition to the Nazis Pages 48 - 51