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Mihama Power Station

Mihama Power Station

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Mihama Power Station

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  1. Lec. 8 (Seminar on “Sharing Experience on Nuclear Power for Development” in Vietnam) Experience of Fukui Prefectural Government in Hosting Nuclear Power Station and Development of Local Community Takahama Power Station Tsuruga Power Station Monju Ohi Power Station Mihama Power Station January 24, 2013 Hiroyuki IWANAGA, Executive Director, Wakasa Wan Energy Research Center

  2. Access From Tokyo to Tsuruga  ◆Train(about 3 hours) Tokyo~Maibara:‘Shinkansen’ Maibara~Tsuruga: JR limited express  ◆Airplane(about 3 hours) Haneda~Komatsu: Airplane Komatsu~Tsuruga: JR limited express From Osakaor Nagoyato Tsuruga  ◆JR limited express(about 2 hours) From Kyoto to Tsuruga  ◆JR limited express(about 1hour) Tsuruga 2

  3. Fukui Prefecture ○Area4,189.54 K㎡ ○Population 800,409 People ○PerCapitaIncome 2,663 thousand yen ○GrossPrefectural Product 31,132 hundred million yen Awara City Eiheiji Town Sakai City Katsuyama City Fukui City Echizen Town Ono City Ikeda Town Echizen City Minami Echizen Town Tsuruga City Mihama Town Takahama Town Obama City WakasaTown Ohi Town 3

  4. Contents • 1. Fukui Prefecture’s Nuclear Power • 2. Three Nuclear Principles in Fukui Prefecture • 1) Ensuring the safety of nuclear power stations • 2) Local residents’ understanding and consent • 3) Subsidy system for attaining permanent welfare • Fukui Prefecture’s Correspondence based on the Fukushima Daiichi NPS Accident 4

  5. 1. Fukui Prefecture’s Nuclear Power Fifty-years History as the Nuclear Power Station Siting Prefecture Generating Highest Amount Electricity in Japan 5

  6. Historical overview of Nuclear Energy in Fukui Initial phase (1967 - ) Residents has 'exceeded expectations' for regional development with the use of Nuclear energy and the prefecture and local municipalities campaign to host the Nuclear Power Plants. Operational phase (1970 - ) The interplay of hope and fear (The first nuclear-generated power from Mihama Unit No.1 was sent to the site of the EXPO '70 exhibition in Osaka or the other hand, a rash of events at nuclear power plants including radioactive releases threatened people.) 9NPPs (1975 - ) New plant construction plan at the existing site and new sites has moved forwarded. Meanwhile, Public fear and distrust increased due to TMI accidents and other domestic and overseas nuclear events. 15 NPPs (1985 - ) “Oil crisis” led to a renewed interest in nuclear and a decision was made to construct new plants at the existing site and a research reactor “Monju”. - Decommission(A prototype nuclear reactor “Fugen” has shut down permanently in 2003.) New phase The Fukushima nuclear accident has major impact on some issues about restarting the nuclear power plant after regular inspections, operational duration of aging plant over 40 years and replacement of plant.

  7. Nuclear Power Plants in Fukui Japan Atomic Energy Agency The Kansai Electric Power Co. FBR Monju Mihama The Japan Atomic Power Co. Tsuruga ◎ Fukui The Kansai Electric Power Co. Ohi Japan Atomic Energy Agency Fugen North region The Kansai Electric Power Co. Takahama Tsuruga◎ Operational South region Under construction ◎ Obama Preparing for construction Permanent shut down Wakasa-wan Energy Research Center 7

  8. Fukui prefecture: • - Advanced prefecture with a long-established history (40 years) of • operating different models of reactors • - Biggest supplier of electricity in Japanwith 13 commercial reactors • Supplies half of the electric power to the Kansai region where major cities • like Osaka and Kyoto are located  Commercial: In operation13 11.285 million kW In planning phase 23.076 million kW (Under examination for safety) For research: Fugen 10.156 million kW (Being decommissioned) Monju1 0.28 million kW (Being given trial run)  Reactor type: Light-water reactor (PWR) 1210.928 million kW Advanced light-water (APWR) 23.076 million kW (Under examination for safety) Light-water reactor (BWR) 10.357 million kW Heavy-water reactor (ATR) 10.156 million kW (Being decommissioned) Fast-breeder reactor (FBR) 10.280 million kW (Being given trial run)  Power generation: 73.3 billion kWh (2010) Equivalent to about one fourth of nuclear power generation in Japan(Capacity factor: 74%)  Power generated during 40-year period:2.1423 trillion kWh 8

  9. 2. “Three Nuclear Principles” in Fukui Prefecture Basic Principle on Implementing Nuclear Policy 9

  10. Fukui’s Nuclear Policy •  In Japan, the national government has all kinds of authority and responsibility for controlling the safety of nuclear power stations. •  Fukui Prefecture has been implementing nuclear policy based on “Three Nuclear Principles” aiming at ensuring the safety, health, and welfare of its residents. • Three Nuclear Principles • 1) Ensuring safety • 2) Receiving local residents’ understanding & consent • 3) Bringing permanent welfare to the prefecture 10

  11. “First Principle" Ensuring Safety To protect the safety and health of its residents, Fukui Prefecture takes “safety measures,” such as signing a safety agreement, monitoring the neighboring environment, and enhancing atomic disaster prevention.  Signing a safety agreement  Monitoring the neighboring environment  Enhancing atomic disaster prevention 11

  12. What is a Safety Agreement?  Compliance with relevant rules and regulations Compliance with relevant regulations and implementation of the safety agreement for securing safety  Prior permission of plans Any major change to a plan, such as new power plants, modifications, use of new fuels, and storage of nuclear fuel materials, must be approved by municipalities. Notification during normal operation Maintenance and operating status, regular inspection, fuel transportation, nuclear waste, and exposure level status Notification in the event of an accident Emergency occurrence, unplanned reactor shutdown, power plant failure On-site inspection On-site inspections will be conducted at the power plants if the safety ofthe surrounding environment and employees needs to be ensured. Request for proper measures Request for proper measures such as restrictions on reactor facilities including reactor shutdown On-site inspection of Monju concerning sodium leakage Dec. 8, 1999 12

  13. Response to accidents and breakdowns by the Fukui prefectural government Occurrence of accidents and breakdowns 1) Recognize the phenomenon 2) Confirm the safety of the surroundings 3) Grasp past examples Receive the first report Radiation leakage to a general drainage channel at Tsuruga Reactor No.1 in April 1981 Abnormal phenomena, based on the safety agreement 10 cases in 2011 Determine announcement to the outside Determine the announcement time 1) Report to persons of a higher rank 2) Coordinate with related organizations 3) Confirm the safety of the surroundings 4) Write an announcement and draw figures announced 5) Grasp all the facts INES standards Level 0: 1 case Others: Outside the evaluation Express so that prefectural citizens (the press) can understand correctly The prefectural government gave explanation to the prefectural government reporter club (The business gave explanation to the local reporter club) 13 13

  14. Sodium Leak from Monju in December 1995  The accident occurred on the day the national government informed the prefectural assembly of the discontinuance of ATR development. All the members of the division worked overtime. After receiving the first report, two staff members were sent to the atomic site. The leading members of PNC were thunderstruckby the news of a fire caused by the sodium leakage!  There was no company-wide talk about how to disclose information and to recover its credibility. Lessons from problems (hidden information) in Mihama and Tsuruga were not reflected in the accident! On-site survey (by the Fukui and Tsuruga governments) Why did ten years pass until the start of modification? Providing the outside with no correct information significantly changed the nature of the accident.  The national and prefectural people got suspicious of the operator! 14

  15. A Pipe was Broken in the Secondary System of the Mihama Reactor No. 3 in August 2004 The accident occurred right after heavy rain in Fukui and when attention was paid to therisk management system of the prefecture. After receiving the first report, the prefectural governor made a request (governor’s initiative) for sending doctors and for mobilizing a disaster prevention helicopter. To inspect the pipes of the secondary system, the governor asked the operator to stop the plant step by step. The governor asked the national government and operator to reinforce measures against aging. Requirements for safety assurance were added to the safety agreement, such as a “request for stopping the operation of a power plant” and “ensuring the safety of persons working for power plants.” The governor strengthened the operation monitoring system of the prefecture. Request to Nakagawa, the Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry on the day following the accident Fukui Nuclear Safety Committee (from 2004) 15 Broken part of the pipe

  16. Circumference Environmental Monitoring Environmental Radiation Monitoring System of Fukui Prefecture 200 meetings over 40 years Fukui Environmental Radiation Measurement Technology Conference (formed in 1969) External evaluation (experts) Prefecture’s monitoring Operator’s monitoring Planning, monitoring, & evaluation (Plans and quarterly and annually reports) Fukui Nuclear Safety Committee Evaluation and check Fukui Nuclear Environmental Safety Control Conference (Representatives of residents and various groups) Held quarterly Confirmation Via the Internet and News about Environmental Radiation Announcement 16

  17. Environmental Radiation Research and Monitoring Center (Tsuruga City, Fukui) • Fukui environmental radiation monitoring telemeter system •  Monitoring in emergency 17

  18. Fukui Analytical Office (Fukui City, Fukui) •  Analyzing radiation from environmental samples • This office investigates a variety of samples, such as food and drink (water, crops, and seafood) and environmental substances (dust suspended in the air, atmospheric moisture, rainwater, soil, indicator plants including pine needles and mugworts, seawater, sea grasses, and sea-bottom soil). •  Measuring spatial radiation • A monitoring car measures radiation at emergency points around the power plants. • Thermoluminescence dosimeters (TLDs) are installed in 52 different places in the prefecture to measure the total dose. • The office makes a survey of natural radiation levels in Fukui Prefecture. 18

  19. “Second Principle” Receiving Local Residents’ Understanding & Consent For local residents’ understanding and consent, Fukui Prefecture make efforts to receive an agreement from its residents by checking opinions from the heads of the atomic municipalities and the prefectural and municipal assemblies, holding a meeting with representatives of every field and class, and enhancing atomic public relations.  Checking opinions from the heads of the atomic municipalities and the prefectural and municipal assemblies  Holding a meeting with representatives of every field and class  Enhancing atomic public relations. 19

  20. Enhancement of Atomic Public Relations Public Relations Activities of the Fukui Atomic Information Center Foundation April 1972 MissionContribute to the formation of bright cultural society by positively disseminating knowledge of the peaceful use of nuclear power to citizens and raising their awareness of the peaceful use ActivitiesMaintain and manage the Atomic Energy Science Museum, “At Home”, where people can learn about energy and nuclear power through experience • Produce and publish PR materials concerning the peaceful use of nuclear power • Hold exhibitions, experience classes, and experience events concerning the peaceful use of nuclear power • Hold lectures, seminars, and lecture meetings concerning the peaceful use of nuclear power • Support for and guidance on studytours to nuclear and nuclear-related facilities • Collect and exhibit materials concerning the peaceful use of nuclear power and other related activities Operating costsBorne by the Fukui prefectural government, four municipal governments, which have nuclear power stations, and four electricity businesses in the prefecture 20

  21. Fukui Atomic Energy Science Museum ‘At Home’ Location Yoshiko,Tsuruga City, Fukui Prefecture Open October in 1976 Staff 8 staff Admission Fee Free Closed 29th December to 3rd January 21

  22. No. of Visitors FY2011127,100 FY2010142,018 FY2009142,001 FY2011 FY2010 FY2009 * Generally, many families and elementary school children visit the center. 22

  23. Hands-on Exhibits Visitors can enjoy learning related to Energy and Nuclear Power with the feeling of Amusement Park. Exhibit which can be learned the mechanism of nuclear power generation Exhibit which can be learned the mechanism of uranium nuclear fission 23

  24. Visual Attraction in the Theater ・The visual system which has large-sized screens and 50 personal computers. ・Learning knowledge about energy and nuclear power through challenging quizzes. 24

  25. Holding of Experience Class Holding Experience Classes regarding Nuclear Power and Energy Making ‘Fog Chamber’ for observing radiation Experience of human power generation 25

  26. Issue of Nuclear Public Relations Magazines Issuing Nuclear Public Relations Magazines on commisioned work from Fukui prefecture Circulation 100,000 copies Delivering Areas (Ten Municipalities) Tsuruga city/Obama City/ Echizen City/ Mihama Town/ Takahama Town/Oi Town/ Wakasa Town/ Minami-Echizen Town/ Echizen Town/Ikeda Town Contains articles on the challenges of nuclear power generation faced by Fukui and operating status of nuclear power stations in Fukui. Contents 26

  27. “Third Principle” Bringing Permanent Welfare to the Prefecture To attain permanent welfare in the prefecture, Fukui Prefecture develops the atomic area by using a subsidy system for constructing power plants and collecting taxes, including a nuclear fuel tax. In addition, it implements an energy research and development centralization plan.  Constructing social infrastructure by tax revenues, such as subsidies for power plants and a nuclear fuel tax  Implementing an energy research and development centralization plan 27

  28. Infrastructure Improvement by Tax Revenue, such as Subsidy System depending on Siting NPP, Nuclear Fuel Tax 28

  29. Constructing a Nuclear Power Plant and Developing its Region Power supply Transmission Electric power company Electric charge Rise in employment rate by power plant construction and operation Power source development tax Order to local companies and invitation of relevant firms Fixed property and nuclear fuel taxes National government Social infrastructure development Regional development Subsidies as per three power development laws Rise in financial power Preparation of industrial parks Municipalities in question Prefectural government 29

  30. Examples of the Recent Use of Subsidies Granted to Fukui Prefecture Project for developing a public center for children and families Project for supporting the Obama Municipal Hospital’s function of emergency medical treatment and health examination Project for developing an industrial park in Tsuruga City Project for running “Fukui Science School” Project for promoting local activities through child rearing meisters Project for promoting return to Fukui for finding a job 30

  31. Promoting of Energy Research and Development Centralization Project - The national and regional governments, electric power companies, and universities taking local development measures as one - 31

  32. What is the Energy R&D Centralization Project? • ○Fukui is one of the leading energy supply bases in Japan. • ○Many diverse nuclear reactors are located here. • ○Research institutes and institutions for human resource • development also exist. Not to be mere electricity “production plants” but to make the best use of Fukui Prefecture’s features The Energy R&D Centralization Plan is designed to effect Fukui Prefecture’s transformation into a region with comprehensive R&D facilities that focus on nuclear power. 32

  33. Implement System for the Energy R&D Centralization Project Council on the Promotion of Energy R&D Centralization The “Council on the Promotion of Energy R&D Centralization” consists of top-level representatives of industry, business, academia and research institutes, the national government, Fukui Prefectural Government, and municipal governments. The council meets every year to fulfill the Centralization Plan steadily and smoothly. At the council, the contents of measures are coordinated and promotion policies for the next year are determined. Project Office of Energy R&D Centralization The “Project Office of Energy R&D Centralization" was established at the Wakasa Wan Energy Research Center as the promotion engine for the fulfillment of the Energy R&D Centralization Plan. The project office is responsible for collaboration among academia, industry and government, technological support/consultations, and human resource development/exchange. 33

  34. Goals of the Energy R&D Centralization Project Accumulation of international research functions • Promotion of international research by accumulating research institutes and other facilities • Establishment of a center for exchange where exceptional researchers from Japan and overseas can gather together to share ideas Contribution to safe technology and human resource development in Asia • Preparation of an environment conducive to human resource development founded on partnerships among universities and other organizations • International contributions through the acceptance of trainees from overseas, particularly Asia Contribution to local industry • Development of local industry by transferring nuclear technologies and assisting in decommissioning • Growth and development of corporations in the nuclear power and energy industries 34

  35. System of Measures for the Energy R&D Centralization Project (determined before the Fukushima accident occurred) Universities and research institutes in Fukui and the Kansai & Chukyo areas Basic Measures The US, European & Asian nations, IAEA, etc. Accumulation of technologies Accumulation of human resources (knowledge) Local companies NPPs Operators and Manufacturers Ensuring Safety and Security (1) Research systems for long-term use (2) Organize local primary medical system (3) Build research and treatment facilities centered on proton beam cancer treatment Education and Exchange of HR Priority Measures (1) Conduct technical training aimed at the skills of engineers at companies in Fukui Enhancement of R&D function ① The International HR Development Center for Atomic Energy (1) FBR R&D center (2) Systematize education of nuclear power & energy at universities in Fukui ② Build an academic hub for the wide area collaboration with universities (2) Fugen Decommissioning Engineering Center • Promote education of nuclear power & energy at elementary, junior high and high schools ③ Nuclear Safety Training Center (3) New roles for the Wakasa Wan Energy ResearchCenter ④ Applied Laser Research Center (4) International Nuclear Information and Training Center (4) Promote collaboration with universities and research institutes inside and outside Fukui, including the Kansai & Chukyo areas ⑤ International hub for R&D on FBR (5) Promote internship for overseas trainees by the government ⑥ Reinan New Energy Research Center ⑦Fukui Cool-Earth Next Generation Energy Industrialization Project (6) Invite international conferences, etc. ⑧ Eco-Agriculture Enhancement Project Creating and fostering of new industries (1) Build a technology transfer system together with government industry and academia (2) Create new industries that utilize resources from NPPs (3) Invitation of business enterprises 35

  36. Ensuring Safety and Security  Improvement of the local medical system for ensuring safety • [Electric power businesses] • High-standard ambulances equipped with the latest medical instruments were deployed at each power plant. (2006) • The scholarship system for medical students was established by Reinan Medical Promotion Foundation (2007- ) • Facilities for treating thermal injuries were established at Obama Municipal Hospital. (2010) High-standard ambulance  Establishment of cancer research and treatment facilities centering on proton beamtherapy • [Fukui Prefectural Government] • Sixty-two cases of therapy research were conducted at the Wakasa Wan Energy Research Center, including research on therapy for prostate cancer and liver cancer. • Based on the results of the therapy research, the Fukui Prefectural Proton Beam Cancer Therapy Center was established and therapy started. (March 2011- ) Practical use of research results 36 Fukui Prefectural Proton Beam Cancer Therapy Center

  37. Enhancement of R&D Function Fast Breeder Reactor R&D Center • [Japan Atomic Energy Agency] • Demonstrate the reliability of Monju as a power production plant and research the diversified use of Monju Fugen Decommissioning Engineering Center Monju, a fast breeder reactor • [Japan Atomic Energy Agency] • Research the decommissioning of nuclear power plants by using Fugen. Wakasa Wan Energy Research Center • Promote the use of radiation in medical treatment, agriculture and the environment, and the practical use and applied research of environment/energy • (Examples of research) • Development of more sophisticated therapy technology in response to the establishment of the Fukui Prefectural Proton Beam Cancer Therapy Center • Development of new varieties of vegetables grown in plant factories and research on the improvement of the functions of beneficial fungi • Development of laser decontamination/cutting technologies usable for the Fukushima nuclear accident and the decommissioning of nuclear power plants. • Support for R&D carried out by local companies using the latest analysis and evaluation technology Fugen, an advanced converter reactor Multipurpose synchrotron tandem accelerator 37

  38. Creating and Fostering New Industries  Establish a technology transfer system through collaboration among academia, industry and government • [Wakasa Wan Energy Research Center] • Formed a network among academia, industry and government (2005- ) • R&D utilizing competitive funds of the national government • Support companies in the prefecture in their attempt to enter the nuclear industry • Information exchange meeting with plant manufacturers (2008-2011) • Exhibition and business meeting with nuclear energy-related companies (2010) Development of Echizen paper by utilizing radiation technology • [Kansai Electric Power Co., Inc.] • Started operation of facilities for electron beam irradiation • (2011) • Improve the quality of or sterilize materials, such as fiber and plastics, by electron beam irradiation • Electron accelerator10 MeV • (The highest grade accelerator for commercial use in Japan) Information exchange meeting with a plant manufacturer  Attract businesses • [Electric power businesses, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Fukui Prefectural Government, municipal governments] • Act together to attract businesses to Fukui Prefecture • Number of newly established companies: 14 (2006- ) 38 Facilities for electron beam irradiation

  39. Education and Exchange of HR Training for improving the skills of engineers belonging to companies in the prefecture • [Wakasa Wan Energy Research Center] • Training for technological improvement so that companies in the prefecture can contribute to the maintenance work of nuclear power plants. (2005- ) • Total number of engineers who received training: About 6,000  Education on nuclear energy at universities, senior/junior high schools, and elementary schools in the prefecture Technological training in a company in the prefecture • [Universities in the prefecture] • Improvement of the educational curriculums for nuclear energy of the University of Fukui and the Fukui University of Technology • Opening of Tsuruga Summer Institute on Nuclear Energy • [Electric power businesses, etc.] • Give lessons on nuclear energy at elementary schools and junior/senior high schools, and receive student study tours at their nuclear facilities Study tour of senior high school students at nuclear-related facilities Inviting and holding international conferences • Meeting on Human Resources Development for Nuclear Energy in Asia (June 2010) • The 9th APEC Energy Ministers’ Meeting Fukui (June 2010) • The 13th FNCA Coordinators Meeting (March 2012) • Meeting on Human Resources Development for Nuclear Energy in Asia (March 2012) 39 Meeting on Human Resources Development for Nuclear Energy in Asia(March 2012)

  40. Introduction of the Fukui International Human Resources Development Center (FIHRDC)

  41. Establishment of Fukui IHRDC The potential of Fukui prefecture related to human resources development for atomic energy ① Various kind of nuclear power generating facilities ② Concentrated HRD Organization ③ Experience for 50years, and Accumulation of Human Resources • The Fukui International Human Resources Development Center for Atomic Energy(Fukui IHRDC) was established in April 2011. • As the core organization of human resources development for atomic energy • For the purpose of using effectively the potential of Fukui prefecture 41

  42. Operational Under planning Atomic Energy Spirit of Innovation and Accumulation in Fukui ①Various kind of nuclear power generating facilities The greatest power supply area in Japan ・Amount of electric power generation about 76.7 million MWh (2010) ・About 1/2 ofPower consumption of Kansai area ・About 1/4 of nuclear power generation in Japan Japan Atomic Energy Agency Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor Monju 福井市 The first reactors of the following types were constructed in Fukui ・ Boiling Water Reactor (BWR) ・Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) ・Advanced Thermal Reactor (ATR) ・ Fast Breeder Reactor (FBR) The Japan Atomic Power Company Tsuruga Power Station Japan Atomic Energy Agency Fugen Decommissioning Engineering Center 嶺北地方 Various status of NPPs ・ Operational (incl. Monju) 14 ・ Under planning (Tsuruga3,4 ) 2 ・ Decommissioning (Fugen) 1 敦賀市 Tsuruga City◎ 小浜市 ◎Obama City The Kansai Electric Power Co. Inc. Mihama Power Station Performance test Decommissioning The Kansai Electric Power Co. Inc. Ohi Power Station The Kansai Electric Power Co. Inc. Takahama Power Station

  43. 9 Facilities related to HRD and Nuclear Energy R&D • 2 Facilities opened in 2012 • 4 Off-site Centers : Tsuruga, Mihama, Ohi, Takahama Atomic Energy Spirit of Innovation and Accumulation in Fukui JAEA Emergency Support Center ② Concentrated HRD Organizations JAEA Training Center Research Institute of Nuclear Engineering(Univ. of Fukui)(2012~) Tsuruga Training Center (JAPC) (2012~) Nuclear Operation Support Center (KEPCO) Nuclear Power Training Center (KEPCO) Mihama Off-site Center Tsuruga Off-site Center Ohi Off-site Center Institute of Nuclear Safety System (INSS) Nuclear Training Center (NTC) WERC Takahama Off-site Center 43

  44. Atomic Energy Spirit of Innovation and Accumulation of Fukui ③ Accumulation of 50-years worth of experience and Human Resources ・Experience of introducing NPP[Senor Human resources of Electric Company] -Human Resources Development(HRD)Method needed when NPP siting -Troubles and Know-how experienced at NPP ・Local Public Acceptance(PA) and Communication -Popularization of knowledge concerning atomic energy peaceful utilization -Atomic energy education to primary school, junior and senior high school ・Safety measures and responses for troubles and local resident -Agreement of safety -Radiation monitoring in environment -Information disclosure (Open to public) ・Know-how regarding symbiosis with local society 44

  45. Activity Development utilizing Network FukuiInternational HRD Network Council Japan Nuclear HRD Network Collaboration Japanese government, Fukui Prefectural government, Tsuruga City, Universities, Electric Power Companies, Industrial circles, etc. Workers and students Researchers and research students Fukui IHRDC - Coordination with institutes for nuclear HRD - Planning and implementation of training programs, etc. Research Institute Training Institutes Universities in Fukui and Kansai/Chukyo areas International Nuclear Information & Training Center(JAEA) WERC Monju Fast-Breeder Reactor University of Fukui, Fukui University of Technology, Kyoto University, Osaka University, Nagoya University, Kinki University, etc. Nuclear Safety Training Center (JAPC) Institute of Nuclear Safety System, etc. Nuclear Technology and Education Center (KEPCO) Nuclear Power Training Center, etc. Administrative Agency Fukui Prefectural Environmental Radiation Research and Monitoring Center

  46. Work Program of FIHRDC International human resources development After Fiscal 2013 Fiscal 2012 Expand project in accordance with needs in Asia and other countries adopting atomic energy programs Activities Expand project in conjunction with opening of nuclear Safety Training Center and Research Institute of Nuclear Engineering, University of Fukui Activities ○Oversea training ・Reactor plant safety course ・Public acceptance course ・The training in foreign countries ・Nuclear Power Generation Safety Bases Course ・Nuclear Energy Administration Course ・Training for operator / maintenance worker ○International conference ・International Meeting on Human Resources Development for Nuclear Energy In Asia ○Acceptance of researchers and research students ○Oversea training ・Reactor plant safety course ・Public acceptance course ・Nuclear Power Generation Safety Bases Course ・Nuclear Energy Administration Course   ・The training in foreign countries ○International conference ・International Meeting on Human Resources Development for Nuclear Energy In Asia ○Acceptance of researchers and research students Fiscal 2011 (establishment) Implementation of training programs utilizing existing facilities Activities ○Oversea training ・Reactor plant safety course ・Public acceptance course   ・The training in foreign countries ○International conference ・International Meeting on Human Resources Development for Nuclear Energy In Asia 46

  47. Introduction of Training Program (1) 〜Public Acceptance Course (outline)〜 Public Acceptance Course Purpose:To contribute to human resources development related to public relations in country aiming at introducing nuclear power plants. Invited country:Vietnam Participants: Publicist of electric company , etc. Number of acceptance: 10(2011 result) Duration :1 week Frequency: 2 times / year Discussion with local residents Lecture by mayor of Tsuruga Visit to Fukui prefectural environmental research and monitoring center 47

  48. Introduction of Training Program (2) 〜Public Acceptance Course (Training Contents and Comment)〜 Training Contents ①Basis of Atomic Power This course gives trainees the knowledge of “Role of Atomic Energy Power for Secure of Sustainable Energy”, “Atomic Energy Policy in Japanese government and Fukui prefecture”, “Outline of Nuclear Power Plant” and “Outline of the Fukushima Daiichi NPS Event and Lessons learned from the Accident”. ②Coexistence between Siting Municipality and Atomic Energy This course gives trainees the knowledge of the experience concerning coexistence with the atomic power which Tsuruga city has cultivated. And the debate with local residents on the theme of "the communities and atomic energy" is conducted ③Risk Communication The method and concept of “Risk Communication” which is the effective technique at the time of having a dialog with a local resident are learned through international and domestic success / failure example. ④Facility Visit The knowledge related to the atomic energy facilities is attained by the facility visit in Fukui, such as Nps, “Fukui prefectural environmental research and monitoring center”, “Nuclear Emergency Response Operations Facility”. Trainee’s Comment • It is better to reduce a lecture which learning a technical content and increase facility visit and discussion with the person who is really engaged in publicity work. • Because We are interested in Japanese culture, it is a chance to deepen mutual understanding if we have more opportunities to experience Japanese culture 48

  49. Introductionof Training Program (3) 〜Reactor Plant Safety Course (outline)〜 Reactor Plant Safety Course Purpose :Cultivation of administrative officers, engineers related to nuclear reactor safety Invited country :Bangladesh, China, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Mongolia, Philippine, Thailand, Vietnam, Sri Lanka Participants : Administrative officers, engineers, etc. who is related to atomic energy Number of acceptance :30 (2011 result) Duration : 4 week Frequency: 2times/ year Scenery of Lecture Visit to the Tsuruga NPS unit 3, 4 under construction Visit to the training center 49

  50. Introductionof Training Program (4) 〜 Reactor Plant Safety Course (Training Contents and Comment)〜 Training Contents ①Basis of nuclear power plant safety This course shows the fundamental agenda of NPS in each phase from location to design, construction, and operation. ②Safety measures and evaluation The method of safety measures and evaluation is learned using actual cases. ③Operational techniques of nuclear power plant The method of operation control (PWR, BWR) is learned. ④Maintenance management of the reactor plant The system and timing of the plant equipment inspection, etc. are learned ⑤Fukushima Daiichi NPS event This course include the content about “Outline of Fukushima Daiichi NPS event”, “Technical issues and lessons learned from the accident”, “Action of IAEA” and “The debate of NPS construction plan of each country after the accident” ⑥Facility visit The knowledge related to the atomic energy facility is attained by visiting “NPS”, “Training center”, “Nuclear Emergency Response Operations Facility”, “Fukui prefectural environmental research and monitoring center” and so on in Fukui. Trainee’s Comment • I want the panel discussion that featured the theme of PI which importance adds to more and more in each country ahead of atomic energy. • I want lecture to reach an examination of preservation and the inspection process that a regulation agency of Japan performs. Because information about concrete how to lead safe regulation is useful for the country of the atomic energy implementation phase. 50