MODES OF THEORIZING IN STRATEGIC HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT: TESTS OF UNIVERSALISTIC, CONTINGENCY, AND CONFIGURATIONAL PERFORMANCE PREDICTIONS. JOHN E. DELERY & D. HAROLD DOTY. Three perspectives of SHRM Studies. Universalistic Perspective Strategic HR practices Best practices of HRM
MODES OF THEORIZING IN STRATEGICHUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT:TESTS OF UNIVERSALISTIC, CONTINGENCY,AND CONFIGURATIONALPERFORMANCE PREDICTIONS JOHN E. DELERY & D. HAROLD DOTY
Three perspectives of SHRM Studies • Universalistic Perspective • Strategic HR practices • Best practices of HRM • Universalistic predictions, generally supported • Hypothesis 1: There will be a positive relationship between financial performance and (a) the use of internal career ladders, (b) formal training systems, (c) results-oriented appraisal, (d) performance-based compensation, (e) employment security, (f) employee voice, and (g) broadly defined jobs • Empirically supported? (Yes)
Contingency Perspective • A strategic contingency • Contingency predictions • Hypothesis 2: The relationship between human resource practices and financial performance will be contingent on an organization's strategy • Empirically supported? (not really)
Configurational Perspective • The Arguments • ConfigurationalPerspective draw on the holistic view of analyzing HR systems • Multiple unique configurations of the relevant factors can result in maximal performance • Employment systems • Table 1 • Strategic configurations • Alignment of employment systems and strategic configurations • Configurational predictions • The three different configurational arguments relating the employment systems to organizational performance
Hypothesis 3: The greater the similarity to the ideal-type employment system that is most similar to an organization's employment system, the higher the financial performance • Empirically supported? (not really) • Hypothesis 4: An employment system's similarity to the one ideal-type employment system that is appropriate for an organization's strategy will be positively related to financial performance • Empirically supported? (not really) • Hypothesis 5: An employment system's similarity to the one hybrid employment system that is appropriate for an organization's strategy will be positively related to financial performance • Empirically supported? (not really) • Market-Type employment system are superior compared to other two systems
Conclusions and discussions • Which perspectives of SHRM you like or believe in? Why? • How can a company construct a good HR system for their company?