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Solid Waste Management - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Solid Waste Management. Pagbabago ng Pananaw. Wala sa Paningin Wala sa pag-iisip = Garbage Disposal. TAPON, HAKOT, TAMBAK KALAT, SUNOG. HINTO!!! Hindi kayo maaaring magtambak ditto sa aming siyodad!!!!!. BAKIT KAILANGAN NG SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT (SWM)?.

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slide1

Solid Waste Management

Pagbabago ng Pananaw

slide2

Wala sa Paningin

Wala sa pag-iisip

=

Garbage Disposal

bakit kailangan ng solid waste management swm

HINTO!!! Hindi kayo maaaring magtambak ditto sa aming siyodad!!!!!

BAKIT KAILANGAN NG SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT (SWM)?
  • Mahirap nang humanap ng tambakan ng basura. Ayaw ng tao na katabi sila ng tambakan. Sa dami ng tao sa Metro Manila, wala nang lugar na “malayo”
slide5
Malaki ang gastos sa paglipat ng basura sa malayong dumpsite – sa gasoline, tauhan, track at road maintenance.

P 500-M

QC Budget para sa paghakot ng basura noong 2002

slide6
Sayang yung materyales na maaaring ma-recycle. Pag ito ay nabaon, kinakailangang kumuha ng bagong materyales sa Kalikasan

Aluminum cans can be recycled

Mina ng aluminum

Pag na-recycle na ito, hindi kailangan pang kumuha sa minahan

slide7

Nakakalason and “katas” na basurang sama-sama. Madalas ay mayroong heavy metal at iba pang nakakalason na kemikal. Ito ay napupunta sa groundwater, ilog at balang araw, sa ating inumin

slide11

Panibagong Pananaw

from Garbage Disposal

virgin materials

use

dumpsite

slide12

Waste

Raw Materials

Use

to Ecological Solid Waste Management

malaking tipid sa
MALAKING TIPID SA:
  • LUPA
  • GASTOS
  • PAGKASIRA NG KALIKASAN
slide14

KANING BABOY

NABUBULOK

COMPOST

slide15

PAPEL

BOTE

PLASTIC

NA RE-RECYCLE

GOMA

ATBP

slide16
Kapag ginawang compost and nabubulok na basura, tataba ang lupa at gaganda ang mga tanim. Ang mga gulay ay mas masustansya
ngayon batas na and paghihiwalay ng basura republic act 9003
Ngayon, batas na and paghihiwalay ng basura. Republic act 9003

Sinasabi nito na:

  • Kailangang maghiwalay ng basura sa bahay
  • Kailangang kolektahin ng barangay ang basura na magkahiwalay

Ngunit batas man o hindi, tayo ay sumunod sa SWM upang makatulong tayo sa pag-aalaga ng ating kapaligiran

kapag itinupad ang batas
KAPAG ITINUPAD ANG BATAS:

KAUNTING-KAUNTI NA LAMANG ANG BASURANG KAILANGANG PUMUNTA SA DUMPSITE OR LANDFILL

swarmplan

SWARMPLAN

SOLID WASTE REDUCTION MASTER PLAN for

Metro Manila

swarm
SWARM:

Isang organisasyon ng mga grupo na aktibo na sa SWM sinumportahan ng Social Development Fund Ni Pangulong Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo

swarmplan segmentation of public

Barangays

Commercial centers

Business

Wet markets

Schools

Subdivisions

and condos

SWARMPLAN – Segmentation of Public

- coordination among NGOs

- uniform monitoring scheme

slide23

schools

businesses

subdivisions

Barangays

Commercial

centers

Public

markets

segment lead group
SEGMENT LEAD GROUP
  • BARANGAY – MOTHER EARTH
  • COMMERCIAL – AYALA CENTERS FOUNDATION
  • BUSINESS – POLYSTYRENE COUNCIL OF THE PHILS.
  • SUBDIVISIONS – RECYCLING MOVEMENT OF THE PHILS.
  • SCHOOLS – MIRIAM COLLEGE – E.S.I.
  • WET MARKETS - COCAP
bakit kailangan ng igrupo ang iba t ibang mga sektor
Bakit kailangan ng igrupo ang iba’t ibang mga sektor?
  • Malaki ang basurang kinokolekta sa bawat grupo
  • May kani-kanilang klase ng dumi na makikita sa bawat grupo:

Hal. Opisina – papel

kainan sa paaralan – lata ng softdrinks, tetra pack, doy packs

fast food chains – kaning baboy, styrofoam packages

la vista subdivision
La Vista Subdivision:

A near-zero waste subdivision:

Na re- recycle – - Kinokolecta ng mga junk dealers tuwing Linggo

Nabubulok – - binabaon sa sariling hardin

Tetra pack,

doy packs and

styrofoam – - inilalagay sa mga trash bins

Iba pang basura – - kinokolekta ng truck

slide27
PhilamLife Homes, Quezon City
  • Sale of compost – Php15,000/month
  • Garbage truck collection of residuals – reduction of 70%
  • Saves – Php1.7-million/year in hauling fees

La Vista Subdivision:

  • Sale of recyclables by individual households – Php16,000/month
ayala foundation in 2002
Ayala Foundation:In 2002

From Commercial Centers and Malls

  • Reduction of residual waste by 68.0%
  • Savings in garbage fee of 16%
  • Off-site composting of 3tons/month
  • Building establishments – 173 cooperating
  • Recyclable income – Php1.5-million
ayala
Ayala:
  • Orientation of all new store owners 8-10am before mall opens
  • Training will be given to all SM and Robinson’s Malls
  • Replication of Ayala Center in Ayala Alabang and Metropoint Mall, Pasay
  • Incentive scheme: reduction of residual waste by 22% will merit Php0.05/sqm reduction in garbage fee, for buildings with 72,760sqm gross floor average, reduction of 17% will merit Php3,628 rebate/month
  • On-going discussion for supermarkets and retail stores to be drop-off centers for recyclables.
garbage situation in the philippines
GARBAGE SITUATION IN THE PHILIPPINES:
  • A Filipino generates between 0.3 and 0.7 kilograms of garbage daily depending upon income levels.
  • NCR and Southern Tagalog Region produce the highest amount of waste accounting for 23 and 13% of the country’s production.
  • 70% of garbage is collected in Urban Areas and 40% in Rural Areas
  • 13% of Metro Manila’s waste is recycled.
  • Nationally, only 2% of waste are disposed in sanitary landfills or controlled dumps. 10% are composted, and small portion is recycled. The rest is disposed in open dumps.
national waste generation 2000 2010

2000

2010

Million Tons/yr.

% of total

Million Tons/yr.

% of total

National Capital Region

2.45

23.0

3.14

22.3

Coldillera AR

0.17

1.6

0.21

1.5

Ilocos

0.50

4.7

0.63

4.5

Cagayan Valley

0.35

3.0

0.40

2.8

Central Luzon

0.96

9.0

1.32

9.4

Southern Tagalog

1.42

13.3

2.11

15

Bicol

0.54

5.1

0.65

4.6

Western Visayas

0.82

7.7

1.00

7.1

Central Visayas

0.74

7.0

1.01

7.2

Eastern Visayas

0.43

4.0

0.51

3.6

Western Mindanao

0.40

3.8

0.53

3.8

Northern Mindanao

0.37

3.4

0.47

3.4

Southern Mindanao

0.70

6.6

0.97

6.9

Central Mindanao

0.33

3.1

0.41

2.9

ARMM

0.26

2.4

0.31

2.2

Caraga

0.26

2.4

0.31

2.2

National

10.67

100

14.05

100

NATIONAL WASTE GENERATION, 2000-2010
slide34
Paper recovery rate = 16%, one of the lowest in Asia

In Thailand, 33%

Singapore 31%

Malaysia 28%

$433,000,000 worth of waste paper, waste plastics, flat-walled metal and silica imported from 1991-1995

Source: Solid Waste Management Act of 1998 introduced by Sen. Gregorio Honasan