Chapter 18.4 America As a world power
Teddy Roosevelt and the World • Roosevelt the Peacemaker • 1904 Russia and Japan were both imperialist powers and competing for control of Korea. 1905 – Roosevelt mediates between Japan and Russia. • Panama Canal • First canal was proposed through Nicaragua. • French tried to go though Panama first in the early 1800’s • They failed and sold the rights the United States in 1903 • Before starting work on the canal the USA had to get permission from Columbia, but negotiations broke down
Teddy Roosevelt and the World • Rebellion in Panama. The US helps and Panama wins. • The US pays Panama 10 million for the rights and 250,000 dollars a year rent. • Construction of the Canal • One of the worlds greatest engineering feats • Builders fought disease, swamps, mountains, and soft volcanic soil • 1913 – Almost 44,000 Workers • August 15, 1914 – canal opens for business
Teddy Roosevelt and the World • Roosevelt Corollary • Monroe Doctrine – demands that European nations stay out of the affairs of Latin America • Roosevelt Corollary was added to the Monroe Doctrine – Said the United States would now use force to protect its economic interests in Latin America • Dollar Diplomacy • Policy of using the U.S. government to guarantee loans made to foreign countries by American business people.
Woodrow Wilson’s Missionary Diplomacy • Wilson also added to the Monroe Doctrine – “Mission Diplomacy” Moral responsibility • Mexican Revolution • Mexico was ruled three decades by a military dictator Porfirio Diaz • 1911 – Diaz was overthrown and turmoil continued • Intervention in Mexico • 1914 US gets involved in Mexican Revolution • US invades and occupies Veracruz (Important Mexican Port) • US and Mexico came close to war
Woodrow Wilson’s Missionary Diplomacy • Rebellion in Mexico • Carranza was in charge but did not have the support of all Mexicans. • Rebels Francisco “Pancho” Villa and Emiliano Zapata opposed Carranza’s provisional government. • Wilson recognized Carranza’s government. • 1916 – Carranza invited American engineers to operate mines in northern Mexico. • Before the US reached the mines Villa’s men took the Americans off a train and shot them. • Villas men also raided Columbus, New Mexico and killed 17 Americans
Woodrow Wilson’s Missionary Diplomacy • Chasing Villa • John J. Pershing and 15,000 soldiers into Mexico to capture Villa dead or alive. • Villa alluded Pershing for a year • Mexicans grew angry over the U.S. invasion of their land. • 1916 U.S. Troops clashed with Carranza’s army resulting in deaths on both sides. • Carranza demanded the withdrawal of U.S. troops but Wilson refused. War seemed imminent, although, both sides backed down • War was happening in Europe and the US couldn’t afford to fight a war with Mexico. Pershing and army returned home.