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The Rise of Monarchies. 900 C.E. – 1500 C.E. French Kings & Their Accomplishments. 937 – Hugh Capet Established a line of kings lasting 300+ years. France. French Kings & Their Accomplishments. 1108 – Louis VI (Louis the Fat) Got rid of disloyal nobles

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the rise of monarchies

The Rise of Monarchies

900 C.E. – 1500 C.E.

french kings their accomplishments
French Kings & Their Accomplishments
  • 937 – Hugh Capet
    • Established a line of kings lasting 300+ years
french kings their accomplishments1
French Kings & Their Accomplishments
  • 1108 – Louis VI (Louis the Fat)
    • Got rid of disloyal nobles
    • Stopped raids of lawless vassals
    • Granted town charters
french kings their accomplishments2
French Kings & Their Accomplishments
  • 1179 – 1223 – Philip II (Philip Augustus)
    • Made Paris center of government
    • Increased French territory
      • -marriage
      • -took land back from English
    • Appointed royal agents

during Crusades

french kings their accomplishments3
French Kings & Their Accomplishments
  • 1226 – Louis IX
    • Ordered nobles to stop fighting
    • Outlawed dueling
    • Centralized money minting (nobles no longer)
    • Set up royal court
french kings their accomplishments4
French Kings & Their Accomplishments
  • 1285 – 1314 Philip IV (Philip the Fair)
    • Seized English fortresses in France
    • Warred w/ Flemish over cloth trade
    • Collected taxes regularly
    • Established Estates-General
      • Made of nobles, clergy, & townspeople
    • United all of France under 1 ruler
english kings their accomplishments
English Kings & Their Accomplishments
  • 1042 – Edward the Confessor
english kings their accomplishments1
English Kings & Their Accomplishments
  • 1066 – Harold Godwinson takes thrown
    • William, Duke of Normandy, claims rights to throne(cousin of Edward)
battle of hastings
Battle of Hastings
  • William crosses E. Channel w/ 4-7000 men
  • Harold’s men w/ shields form wall / William’s men pretend to retreat
  • Harold’s men followed – trapped – defeated
english kings their accomplishments2
English Kings & Their Accomplishments
  • 1066 - King William I of England
    • Introduced feudalism
    • Divided England among Norman nobles
    • Advised by Great Council
    • Followed French / Norman customs
    • DomesdayBook – Anglo-Saxon “Doom” - judgement
    • Census & land survey in 1086
english kings their accomplishments3
English Kings & Their Accomplishments
  • 1154 – Henry II (William’s great-grandson)
    • England, m Ireland, Scotland, Wales, feudal lord in France
    • Wife – Eleanor of Aquitaine (French)
    • Restored order, demanded noble loyalty
    • Central royal court in London
henry ii con t
Henry II con’t
  • Trouble with the Church
    • Thomas a BecketArchbishop of Canterbury
      • Becket friend of Henry Didn’t want royal control of church
      • Becket murdered
      • Henry made piece w/ church by allowing officials tried in Church court
english kings their accomplishments4
English Kings & Their Accomplishments
  • 1189 – Richard the Lion Heart
    • Called to lead Crusade
english kings their accomplishments5
English Kings & Their Accomplishments
  • 1199 – John (Richard’s brother)
    • Lost lands in France to French king
    • Increased English Taxes / Ignored laws / Angered nobles
    • 1215 – King met nobles at Runnymede, signed Great Charter (Magna Carta)
magna carta
Magna Carta
  • Took away king’s powers, increased noble’s power
  • King can’t collect taxes w/o Great Council approval
  • Freeman right to trial by peers
  • Important step toward democracy
english kings their accomplishments6
English Kings & Their Accomplishments
  • 1216 – Henry III
    • Weak king, allowed feudal lords & Council to rule
  • 1264 – Simon de Montfort (Henry’s brother in law)
    • Commoner Representatives in Great Council /Gave people voice
english kings their accomplishments7
English Kings & Their Accomplishments
  • 1272 – Edward I
    • Parliament – meeting of reps for advising
      • House of Lords – nobles & clergy
      • House of Commons – knights & townspeople
hundred years war
Hundred Years’ War
  • 1300’s - French wanted English out of France
  • 1337 – English Edward III declares king of France
    • Long series of battles begins
hundred years war1
Hundred Years’ War
  • The beginning –
    • English beat French for control of sea
    • English invaded France
      • Defeated France at:
      • 1346 – Battle of Crecy
      • 1415 – Battle of Agincourt
hundred years war2
Hundred Years’ War
  • New Weapons
    • Longbow – English weapon (Steel tipped arrows)
    • French – crossbow
    • First use of cannon
hundred years war3
Hundred Years’ War
  • Joan of Arc
    • 1429 - 17 year old hears heavenly voices tell her to save France
    • Frees Orleans in 10 days (Charles VII King)
    • Captured by French traitor – sold to English
    • Burned at Stake – exonerated 24 years later
hundred years war4
Hundred Years’ War
  • 1453 – French drive English out except for Calais Port Hundred Years’ War
  • Results of War
    • By 1500 – France unified under King
    • England unified under weak ruler
      • 1485 – Henry Tudor king
    • Commoners more important – made demands
      • Wages
      • Live outside manors
      • Farmer rented land from nobles
war of the roses
War of the Roses
  • Lancaster (red) vs. York (white)
  • War for the throne
    • Henry Tutor (Lancaster) defeats Richard III (York)
    • Henry founds Tutor dynasty
german rulers
German Rulers
  • 936 – Otto I
    • Turned to church to unify
    • 951 – marched to Italy
    • 962 – Freed Pope from Roman noble
    • Crown emperor of Holy Roman Empire
german rulers1
German Rulers
  • 1152 – Frederick I (Barbarossa – “red beard”)
    • Nobles wealthy – worked against emperor
    • Italian city-states break away
    • Killed in Crusade
      • Myth – not dead, magic sleep, return & restore glory
german rulers2
German Rulers
  • 1220 – Frederick II
    • Concentrated on Sicily
    • Educated – languages, science experiments
    • 1227 – Excommunicated (taking over Italian lands)
german rulers3
German Rulers
  • The Hapsburgs
    • German princes met in diet – assembly
    • 1273 - Elected Rudolf Hapsburg
    • Rule for 650 years
german rulers4
German Rulers
  • 1493 - Maximilian I
    • Mary of Burgundy – gained Flanders, Belgium, Netherlands& Luxembourg
      • Married off children for other areas
      • Not all of Germany – princes control own area
spain
Spain
  • 711 – Moors conquer Spain
  • 1200’s – Christians drive Moors south
spain1
Spain
  • 1469 - Fedinand & Isabella
    • “Catholic Monarchs” – all Spanish to be catholic
    • Ran off Jews & Moors
spain2
Spain
  • 1492 – Moors ousted from Granada
  • 1502 – Moors ordered to convert or leave
    • Lost most of its artisans, merchants, bankers, doctors & educators