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Examples of European ecosystem accounts & calculation of carbon balance. Emil Ivanov, Centre for Environmental Management, University of Nottingham, UK Previously EEA/ETC LUSI, Barcelona, ES. EEA, 11 th of May 2011. Introduction Applying the ecosystem cube

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examples of european ecosystem accounts calculation of carbon balance

Examples of European ecosystem accounts&calculation of carbon balance

Emil Ivanov,

Centre for Environmental Management,

University of Nottingham, UK

Previously EEA/ETC LUSI, Barcelona, ES

EEA, 11th of May 2011

slide2

Introduction

Applying the ecosystem

  • cube
  • Ecosystem richness, vitality and resilience = integrity or “health”
  • Main objective of Ecosystem capital accounting - bring together evidence on large scales from statistics (FAO…), remote sensing (medium resolution) and expert valuations (IUCN, Birdlife International, WDPA)
  • And analyse bio-geographical and landscape patterns
slide3

Illustrating two facets of ecosystem “cube” for Europe

FAO statistics

Soil map

NPP – NDVI - T

Land Cover

Transport networks

Protected areas

Land cover

slide4

Illustration of Bio-productivity existing stock and new resource production in year 2000

  • Addresses the ecosystem processes (not geological)
  • Downscaled FAO forest biomass + topsoil
  • Harmonized EU map
  • Underestimation of real stocks (no herbal and bush biomass included)
  • Key ecosystem processes as productivity or vitality (Rapport)
  • GEOSUCCESS NPP – C fix model + Night T = adapted to NEP
  • Harmonized EU map
  • Underestimation (no production under plastic or under forest canopy …)
slide5

Illustration of Bio-productivity human use in 2000 and resulting balance

  • Addresses what people take from the Ecosystem, renewable resources incl.both annual production and accumulated stock (food, fibre, materials, bio-fuels, NO fossil fuels)
  • FAO statistics downscaled on LC and NDVI
  • Harmonized EU view, calibration needed for different crops, tree types etc
  • Balance between the Ecosystem carbon stock added to annual carbon resource production and the human use of both
  • Approximates the amount of how much natural production people used and how much they shared with the rest of the ecosystem
  • it is not a balance between C-fixing and C-release
calculating and mapping necb
CALCULATING and MAPPINGNECB

Used inputs:

  • FAO’s country statistics on: crop harvest, roundwood removals, grazing animals distribution, forest above-ground and bellow-ground biomass all for year 2000
  • Remote sensing input (1 km grid): NPP 2000, NDVI 1999 – 2000, Tmin 2000
  • Percentage Land cover in 1 km – selected classes croplands, forest lands and grazed lands
  • Soil carbon content map
slide8

CARBON STOCK IN FOREST

+

CARBON STOCK IN TOPSOIL

Downscaled FAO data

JRC data

On % standing forest land in 1 km2

slide10

ADJUSTED NET PRIMARY PRODUCTION

for year 2000

TOTAL RETURNS in year 2000

+

GEOSUCCESS NPP

Night Temperature adjustment

Residuals from crops, timber

and manure

slide13

DOWNSCALED CROPS year 2000

+

DOWNSCALED GRAZED BIOMASS

year 2000

+

DOWNSCALED TIMBER year 2000

On % agriculture in 1 km grid

FAO downscaled product

calibrated with European %

grazed land in 1 km grid

On decreased NDVI * %

forest land cover in 1 km grid

slide14

CARBON BALANCE for year 2000

1 – GRID cells, 1km²

slide16

CARBON BALANCE for year 2000

3 – Administrative regions (NUTS)

slide18

THANK YOU VERY MUCH!

Emil.Ivanov@nottingham.ac.uk