Afghanistan. Amanda Toth. Kabul. Kabul is the capital and largest city in Afghanistan. It’s population is about 3.3 million. It’s the 64 th largest and the 5 th fastest growing city in the world. Afghanistan’s Borders.
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Afghanistan Amanda Toth
Kabul • Kabul is the capital and largest city in Afghanistan. • It’s population is about 3.3 million. • It’s the 64th largest and the 5th fastest growing city in the world.
Afghanistan’s Borders • Afghanistan shares borders with Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, China and Pakistan.
Hamid Karzai • Hamid Karzai is the current president of Afghanistan. • He is the 12th president and took office on December 7, 2004.
Imported Goods • Afghanistan imports the most goods from the United States at 29.1% • The following are the next three: • Pakistan- 23.3% • India- 7.6% • Russia- 4.5%
Language • The two official languages of Afghanistan are Pashto and Dari. • Both are Indo-European languages from the Iranian languages sub-family.
Afghan Women • According to the Afghan Ministry of Education, only 12% of Afghan women over the age of 15 can read and write.
Pastimes • Many pastimes including flying kites, listening to music, and girls’ education were outlawed by the Taliban
Kandahar • The city of Kandahar is said to be founded by Alexander the Great in the 4th century B.C. • It is the second largest city in Afghanistan.
Khyber Pass • The Khyber Pass is a crossing point between Afghanistan and Pakistan. • The Khyber Pass was part of The Ancient Silk Road and a major military supply route for NATO forces during the current Afghan war.
Paleo • Paleo is a very popular National Afghan dish. • It is rice with meat and raisins.
Hazaras • The Hazaras are a minority group in Afghanistan that claim to be descendants of Ghengis Khan’s Mongolian soldiers. • They are mostly Shiite Muslims, which make up the 3rd largest ethnic group in Afghanistan.
Opium • In 2006 Afghanistan was responsible for 92% of the world’s opium production
Pashtun • Pashtun people follow a code of honor, called Pashtunwali that requires them to support the poor and weak, fight evil, provide shelter to anyone who needs it. • The Pashtuns make up the largest ethnic group in Afghanistan at around 12.9 million people (48%). • Their code of honor includes 9 principles: Hospitality, asylum, justice, bravery, loyalty, righteousness, Trust in God, dignity, and Honor of women.
Soviet War • The Soviets occupied Afghanistan from December 1979 to February 1989. • The Soviet War was part of the Cold War and was fought between Soviet-led Afghan forces against multi-national insurgent groups called the Mujahideen.
Hindu Kush • Hindu Kush is the mountain range that spans from central Afghanistan to Pakistan. • It is the dividing line between Russian and British areas of influence during the Great Game.
Population • The population of Afghanistan is about 31.1 million.
Location • Afghanistan is located in Central Asia.
Size • Afghanistan is about the same size as Texas. • It’s about 251,773 square miles.