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Lessons of Mahabharatha and some facts!. O ne of the longest poems in the world. Refers to battle between Kauravas and Pandavas . While Ramayana exemplifies dharma, Mahabharata unfolds both dharma and moksha shastras .

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One of the longest poems in the world.
  • Refers to battle between Kauravas and Pandavas.
  • While Ramayana exemplifies dharma, Mahabharata unfolds both dharma and mokshashastras.
  • The poem weaves a complex story of power, love, hate, greed, jealousy and honor stemming from struggle between cousins.
  • How each character interprets dharma, resolves conflicts, questions his actions and decisions ultimately gives us an insight into our own behavior.

The war of Mahabharata shows us that the free will of the human being was subject to abuse even then, but in the end dharma alone is victorious. This happens in today’s society as well – both primitive and advanced.

- Presented by Sameer

Interesting Facts:
  • Written around 3000 BC.
  • Has “mindboggling” revelations.
  • Astronomy: Existence of Uranus and Neptune.
  • Geography. Lands as far as Cambodia(Kamboja), Kazakhstan and/or Scandinavia(Uttarakuru),
  • Mathematics: Numbers to the range of 10 raised to powers of 16 and -16.
  • Descriptions of Weapons which resemble modern day weaponry including Nuclear and/or Chemical Weapons. Complex Military Formations and Strategies.
  • Philosophy, Psychology, Sociology, Spirituality, Religion, Politics.
  • Even Management Lessons.
  • - Presented by Riya
We’ll will compare/contrast the resources and man power available to Kauravas and Pandavas.
  • Even though Kauravas had more money and power, Pandavas won the war.
  • What gave Pandavas the edge? A brief look at some important facts.
  • While presenting some facts on the epic, we have extracted a lesson, in each instance, to relate it in the current competitive world. Please pay attention
  • - Presented by Avi
Generals and Ground Army(Military might)1 Akshouhini(Military Unit) = 21,870 chariots, 21,870 elephants, 65,610 horses and 109,350 foot-soldiers (in a ratio of 1:1:3:5).



  • 11 Akshouhinis
  • Generals: Bhishma, Drona, Karna, Shalya(Nakula-Sahedeva’s maternal uncle), Kripacharya, Ashwatthama, Duryodhana

- Presented by Amogh

  • 7Akshouhinis
  • Main Warriors: Arjuna, Bhima, DhrshtadyumnaAbhimanyu, Ghatotkacha, Shikhandi, Satyaki



  • In power for 13 years. Duryodhana has been a generous king. Not only have they the wealth and power of Hastinapur, but also that of Indraprastha, the Pandava Kingdom. Karnahad gone on a nation-wide conquering on behalf of Duryodhana.
  • Exiled for 13 years. Have no kingdom. Their main strength both in terms of political and financial power depends on their friends and relatives.

- Presented by Sneha




  • Duryodhana was completely focused on the War. It was his moment of truth. He had usurped a kingdom, and he meant to keep it. He had resorted to foul or fair to get the kingdom, which he believed to be rightfully his, and he was in no mood to give it up. Karna, Shakuni, Jayadratha supported him.

- Presented by Shyam

  • They had been humiliated, their wife, Draupadi, insulted, their kingdom taken. But…still they wanted to avoid the War. The three elder Pandavas were against the War. They even went as far as making an offer that they will stop the War in exchange of 5 villages.
ResultWar Lasted : 18 Days. 10 Days (Bhisma), 3 Days(Drona), 1½ Days (Karna) ½ Day (No General),1 Day (Shalya), 1 Night(Ashwatthama)

Kaurava Losses

Pandava Losses

  • Bhishma, Drona, Karna and his sons, Shalya, Bhagadutta, Bhurisrava, Susharma, Jayadrath, Duhsasana and all of Duryodhana’s brothers, Shakuni ….
  • Drupad, Virat and his sons, Abhimanyu, Ghatotkachand others.

- Presented by Panini

preparation lesson turn weakness into strength
Preparation Lesson: Turn Weakness into strength



  • Karna went on a country-wide military mission, subdued the different kingdoms and acquired wealth. But it meant a loss in terms of both men and money and creation of new enemies.

- Presented by Ojas

  • Though in exile they turned their attention to improving their weaknesses.
  • Arjunaset out on a mission to acquire Divine weapons.
  • Bhimamet his brother Hanuman and got a blessing of enhanced strength.
  • Yudhisthiraacquired teachings from the various wise rishis, and also learnt the Game of Dice.
allies lesson create a network of good friends
AlliesLesson: Create a network of good friends.



  • Greatest empire of the time,Centralized power system.Not many powerful allies. Except of old relations from far off places like Gandhara(Shakuni), Sindhu(Jayadrath) and Kambodia(Camboja - Bhagadutt)

- Presented by Yogi

  • No wealth. No power of their own. But powerful allies all over India.
  • Panchala (Draupadi.)
  • Dwarka(Subhadra).
  • Magadh(Sahadeva’s wife)
  • Chedi (Nakula’s wife).
  • Kasi (Bhima’s wife).
  • Kekaya (Yudhisthira’s wife).
  • Matsya (Abhimanyu ‘s wife).
  • The Rakshasas through marriage of Bhima and Hidimba.
  • The Nagas through marriage of Arjuna and Uloopi.
leadership lesson share your responsibilities
LeadershipLesson: Share your responsibilities.



  • Centralized leadership. One Head of Army at a time, who has supreme authority of 11 akshouhini of army.
  • Generals:
  • Bhishma
  • Drona
  • Karna
  • Shalyaand
  • Ashwatthama.

- Presented by Jade

  • Distributed leadership.
  • Seven commanders for the seven divisions.(1 man command 1 akshouhini each).
  • Virat(King of Matsya).
  • Drupad(King of Pancala).
  • Sahadeva(King of Magadha).
  • Dhrshtaketu(King of Chedi).
  • Satyaki(Only warrior from Dwarka).
  • Shikhandi(Prince of Pancala). Dhrshtadymna – Commander in Chief.
  • Arjuna–Supreme Commander. Krishna – Arjuna’s charioteer and counselor.
team spirit lesson succeeds where individual effort fails
Team SpiritLesson: succeeds where Individual effort fails.



  • No team spirit. They all fought their individual wars.
  • Bhishma, Drona, Kripa : They owed allegiance to the throne, no matter dharma was at stake.
  • Karna : To prove his skills against Arjuna. Friendship for Duryodhana.
  • Some of the Kauravas didn’t get along well with each other.
  • Bhishma and Karna.
  • Bhisma and Shakuni.
  • KarnandShakuni.
  • Karna and Shalya.
  • Shalya and Bhishma.
  • One team. One Goal.
  • Huge respect for Krishna and Yudhisthira.
  • Respect for Bhimaand Arjuna as warriors.
  • All were part of the decision-making process.
  • It was their “common” war.

- Presented by Aria

Individual Motives Lesson: The Right team is made by selecting the Right Individuals. Get the right man for the right job.



  • Except for Duryodhana nobody wanted the War. All the 4 main generals had strong ties with the Pandavas.
  • Bhishma(grandchildern) – Wont kill the Pandavas.
  • Drona (students) – Wont kill the Pandavas. Will capture them only.
  • Shalya (Nakula-Shadeva’s maternal uncle) : Loved the Pandavas and covertly helped them by humiliating Karna
  • Karna (brother to the Pandavas) : Promised to Kunti that he’ll kill only Arjuna.
  • A Team of Traitors.
  • Common goal. They had their own targets, but which just became one with the teams’ goals.
  • Dhrastadyumna- Drona.
  • Shikhandi- Bhisma.
  • Arjuna – Karna.
  • Bhima – Duryodhana and his brothers.
  • Sahadeva – Shakuni and his sons.
  • Nakula –Karna’s sons.

- Presented by Radhika

commitment lesson the interests of the individual should never exceed the team interest
CommitmentLesson: The interests of the Individual should never exceed the Team interest.



  • Bhishma, Drona, Shalya and Karna had big emotional attachment with the 5 Pandavas.
  • Bhisma himself gave away the secret of killing him to the Pandavas. He did not fight a warrior like Shikhandi because of his personal bias.
  • Drona too indirectly gave away his secret, moreover he abandoned weapons as soon as he knew his son had died.
  • Karnadid not kill Yudhisthira and Bhima when he got the chance. He didn’t save Duhsasana when Bhima was killing him.
  • Shalya kept on insulting Karna while in Battle.
  • Abhimanyu , a 16 year old kid, ventured beyond enemy lines alone. This was a suicide mission but he still went in and took a great part of the army down with him. It took the combined effort of 7 Maharathis to take him down.
  • Ghatotkach even in death, took with him almost half the army.
  • Yudhisthira, he knew he couldn’t face Karna in War, but still went in to set an example.

- Presented by Dev

The RootsLesson: A Sense of Sharing. A sense of Brotherhood. Know ground realities. Know different ideologies. Share.



  • Princes brought up in the comfort of the Royal Palace, greedy for Power, Fame, lacked Courage and Valor.

- Presented by Sanket

  • Spent the greater part of their lives in Poverty. Their Childhood was in the Himalayan foothills among Rishis.
  • 12 years of forest life and 1 year of exile.
  • Experienced with the ground realties.
  • Contact with people from various strata of the society. Sannyasis, Householders, teachers, poor Brahmanas, lower-class Potter. Different races of people- Rakshasas, Gandharavas, Apsaras, Nagas.
Women Empowerment Lesson: Masculine traits of Aggression and Dominance should be balanced by the Feminine traits of Harmony and Sustenance.



  • Patriarchal structure. Bhishma, Drona, Kripa, Dhratarashtra, Vidur, Shakuni, Duryodhana, Karna, Duhsasana. No women in the decision making process. Nobody listened to Gandhari.

- Presented by Roshini

  • Matriarchal Structure. Kunti was respected by the Pandavas. Draupadi was a companion in whatever the Pandavas did. She had a big role in the entire decision making.
  • Even the younger Pandavas : Ghatotkach, Abhimnanyu and Iravan were brought up by their mothers.
  • Turn your weaknesses into strengths.
  • Turn enemies into allies.
  • Share your responsibilities.
  • Teamwork scores over Individual Effort.
  • Right Team = Right set of Individuals.
  • Commitment scores over Competence.
  • Team interests over Individual interests..
  • Know your challenges. Take risks.
  • The Right Leaders: To inspire and advise in crisis.
  • Know Ground realities. Accept different ideas. Cooperate.
  • Empower Women. Their presence required for stability and administration.

- Presented by Abhishek

what happened after the war
What happened after the War?

Yudhistira was chosen to be the King

On the battlefield, Bhishmagave Yudhistirainstructions on various topics :

  • worldly and spiritual matters
  • duties of a king, rule in time of adversity
  • dharma, charity, ahimsa etc.
  • Taught the glory of Krishna by reciting Vishnu Sahasranaamam
  • Sages and Krishna gave advice and narrated the glories of the Lord.

- Presented by Harsha

pandava rule of hastinapur
Pandava Rule of Hastinapur
  • Yudhistira ruled for a total of 36 years.
  • During the 15th year, the elders - Dhritarastra, Gandhari, Kunti retired to forest and passed away in course of time.
  • In the 36th year, most of the Yadava clan ruled by Krishna in Dwaraka destroyed itself by internal fighting.
  • Krishna gave up his mortal body after sending message to Arjuna to shift rest of the Yadavas to Hastinapur.
  • Yudhistiracrowned Abhimanyu’s son Parikshit as the next king, and Pandavas and Draupadi went for pilgrimage.
  • After crossing Himalayas, Draupadi, Sahadeva, Nakula, Arjuna and Bhimadied. Yudhistirawas taken in his human form to the heaven.

- Presented by Vishnu