1 / 132

Emergency Care

Emergency Care . Emergency Care. Explore Go Emergency Care (Lessons 1-2) Go Injury Care Techniques (Lessons 3-6) Go Shock (Lessons 7-8) Go Wounds and Burns (Lessons 9-11) Go Bones and Joints (Lessons 12-13) Go Foreign Bodies and Poison (Lessons 14-16) Go

Download Presentation

Emergency Care

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. Content is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use only. Download presentation by click this link. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server. During download, if you can't get a presentation, the file might be deleted by the publisher.


Presentation Transcript

  1. Emergency Care

  2. Emergency Care • Explore Go • Emergency Care (Lessons 1-2)Go • Injury Care Techniques (Lessons 3-6)Go • Shock (Lessons 7-8)Go • Wounds and Burns (Lessons 9-11)Go • Bones and Joints (Lessons 12-13)Go • Foreign Bodies and Poison (Lessons 14-16)Go • Extreme Temperature (Lessons 17-19)Go • Sudden Illness (Lessons 20-25)Go • Reflect Go TABLE OF CONTENTS

  3. Explore • Unit Overview Go • Equipment Go

  4. Explore – Unit Overview In this unit, you will: • Practice a variety of first aid procedures.

  5. Explore – Equipment for Unit Crutches • To prevent injury, know how to adjust the crutches

  6. Explore – Equipment for Unit Types of bandages used in this unit include: • Gauze (pads and roller) • Elastic • Triangular

  7. Emergency Care • 1. Emergency Care Go • 2. Quiz Go

  8. Lesson 1 – Emergencies • An emergency situation occurs when a person suddenly becomes ill or is injured and requires an immediate medical response. • Emergencies can happen at any time.

  9. Lesson 1 – First Aid • In many cases, emergency care may require some form of first aid. • It is important that the general population and all health care workers know how to perform emergency care. • Agencies such as the American Red Cross and the American Heart Association train people to perform these life-saving procedures.

  10. Lesson 1 – Effective First Aid Providers Obtain proper first aid training • Anyone who expects to encounter an emergency situation should be properly trained. • This includes: • Anyone in the medical field • People in jobs that involve child care • Park guides, camp counselors, life guards, etc.

  11. Lesson 1 – Effective First Aid Providers (continued) Be alert for emergency situations • Unusual sounds • Unusual sights • Unusual odors • Unusual behaviors

  12. Lesson 1 – Effective First Aid Providers (continued) Assess the situation before taking action • The first aid provider should have a reason for every action that is taken. • Treatment depends on several factors, including the type of injury, the environment, witnesses, available first aid supplies and equipment, and how quickly medical help will arrive.

  13. Lesson 1 – Effective First Aid Providers (continued) Remain calm in emergency situations and observe safety precautions • If possible, get the patient’s consent before performing any care. • If possible, wash their hands and put on gloves before handling a patient. • Make sure supplies, such as water or bandages, are clean. • If possible, explain the procedure to the patient. • Be careful when lifting heavy objects. • If any solutions come in contact with their skin or eyes, they should immediately flush them with water. • Only perform care that they have been trained to do.

  14. Lesson 1 – Effective First Aid Providers (continued) Perform a safety check of the scene before taking action • Some emergency scenes are unsafe to enter. • Call for help immediately. Prioritize tasks and triage • Triage is a way to prioritize treatment. It determines which patient or which injury is treated first. • Life-threatening injuries should always be attended to first.

  15. Lesson 1 – Principles of Care • Get professional care as soon as possible. • Do not move a patient unless it is required for safety reasons. • Keep the patient calm. • Do not give unconscious or vomiting patients any food or fluids, unless the first aid procedure requires it. • Regulate the patient’s temperature by adding blankets or removing layers of clothing. • Administer first aid quickly and efficiently. • To avoid compromising the patient’s right to privacy, do not attempt to diagnose the patient or discuss the patient’s condition. • Avoid further injury if possible.

  16. Lesson 1 – Emergency Medical Services • Emergency Medical Services (EMS) provides expert care for serious emergencies. • In many areas of the country, immediate help is available by dialing 911. • When calling for help, be sure to give complete and accurate information. • If you cannot call immediately, ask someone else to call for help.

  17. Lesson 1 – Emergency Care Legal Issues • The haste in which emergency care occurs often leaves the caregivers with little or no time to consider the legal consequences of their actions. • Emergency care professionals, other health care workers, and anyone else who has first aid training should be aware of some basic legal issues related to emergency care.

  18. Lesson 1 – The Good Samaritan Acts • The Good Samaritan Acts state that physicians and first responders are not required to acquire patient consent before performing life-saving procedures in the case of an emergency. • All caregivers must follow these basic rules in order to be protected by these Acts: • Give care in good faith. • Act within the scope of their training and knowledge. • Use as much care as possible according to the circumstances. • Do not bill the patient.

  19. Lesson 1 – Scope of Practice • Even a Good Samaritan Act cannot protect caregivers who perform procedures outside of their scope of practice. • Emergency care providers should only perform tasks for which they have been trained.

  20. Lesson 1 – Keeping Records • Emergency care professionals must fill out an event report after each emergency. • This report includes: • The patient’s name and address • The date and time of emergency • The location of emergency • A description of the emergency and its cause • A description of actions taken • The names, addresses, and signatures of any witnesses • The name and signature of the person preparing the report

  21. Lesson 2 – Quiz In this lesson, you will take a quiz on emergency care.

  22. Injury Care Techniques • 3. Dressings and BandagesGo • 4. Slings and SplintsGo • 5. CrutchesGo • 6. QuizGo

  23. Lesson 3 – Dressings • A dressing is a sterile covering for a wound or injury. • Dressings are used to: • stop bleeding • prevent infection • absorb secretions • treat pain • Gauze pads are the most common materials used for dressings. However, in an emergency situation, any clean cloth can be used.

  24. Lesson 3 – Procedure for Dressings In this lesson, you will learn and practice the procedure for dressing an injury.

  25. Lesson 3 – Bandages • A bandage is material used to secure dressings and splints. • Bandages should be tight enough to control bleeding and to hold a dressing in place. However, they should not interrupt blood circulation. • Three popular types of bandages are: • Triangular • Roller gauze • Elastic

  26. Lesson 3 – Triangular Bandages • The triangular bandage is a triangular shape of cloth. It is often used for: • Head and scalp injuries • To create slings for shoulder, arm, wrist, and hand injuries • Triangular bandages can also be folded into cravats, which is a long strip of bandage folded to the proper width according to the injury.

  27. Lesson 3 – Procedure for a Triangular Bandage In this lesson, you will learn and practice the procedure for a triangular bandage.

  28. Lesson 3 – Procedure for a Circular Bandage In this lesson, you will learn and practice the procedure for a circular bandage.

  29. Lesson 3 – Elastic and Roller Gauze Bandages • Elastic and roller gauze bandages are used to secure dressings and to support injured areas. They can be used on just about any part of the body. • Elastic bandages have the advantage of stretching and molding to the body part. • Elastic bandages can also pose a disadvantage because their elasticity makes it easy to wrap an injury too tightly.

  30. Lesson 3 – Procedure for a Spiral Wrap Bandage In this lesson, you will learn and practice the procedure for a spiral wrap bandage.

  31. Lesson 3 – Procedure for a Figure-Eight Ankle Wrap Bandage In this lesson, you will learn and practice the procedure for a figure-eight ankle wrap bandage.

  32. Lesson 3 – Procedure for a Recurrent Wrap Bandage In this lesson, you will learn and practice the procedure for a recurrent wrap bandage.

  33. Lesson 4 – Splints • A splint is a rigid device that supports and immobilizes an injured body part. • Commercial splints work best. However, if none are available, a splint can be created using anything that will support the injured area. • Because you should limit moving an injured body part, do not apply a splint if professional medical help is on the way.

  34. Lesson 4 – Procedure to Make a Splint In this lesson, you will learn and practice the procedure to make a splint.

  35. Lesson 4 – Slings • A sling is a device used to keep an injured hand, forearm, arm, or shoulder immobilized. • Slings can be used in combination with a cast or used in place of a cast or splint until one can be applied. • Commercial slings are available. However, a sling can be created using a triangular bandage.

  36. Lesson 4 – Procedure to Make a Sling In this lesson, you will learn and practice the procedure to make a sling.

  37. Lesson 5 – Crutches • Crutches are supports that help a patient ambulate, or walk. • Patients use crutches when they are unable to put weight on an injured or impaired leg, knee, ankle or foot. • It is important that crutches fit the patient properly and are used correctly by the patient.

  38. Lesson 5 – Types of Crutches • Axillary crutches are placed under the axilla, or underarms, with the patient’s weight being applied to the hands. • Likewise, with forearm crutches, a patient inserts arms through holders, grasps handles, and then supports weight on the hands. • Platform crutches are designed for patients who cannot grasp handles or bear weight on their hands.

  39. Lesson 5 – Adjusting Crutches • A gait is a method of walking. • There are several gaits that can be used with crutches. The best gait for a patient is determined based on the injury. • Four-point gait • Three-point gait • Two-point gait • Swing-to gait • Swing-through gait

  40. Lesson 5 – Crutch Gaits • There are several types of crutch gaits. • Four-point • Three-point • Two-point • Swing-to • Swing-through

  41. Lesson 5 – Procedure to Assist a Patient with Crutches In this lesson, you will learn and practice the procedure for assisting patients with crutches.

  42. Lesson 6 – Quiz In this lesson, you will take a quiz on injury care techniques.

  43. Shock • 7. ShockGo • 8. QuizGo

  44. Lesson 7 – Shock • Shock is a reduction of blood flow in the body, particularly to the brain and heart. • Shock often results from physical or emotional trauma. • If left untreated, shock can be fatal, even in cases where the initial injury was not fatal.

  45. Lesson 7 – Causes of Shock • Trauma causes shock. • Types of trauma that can cause shock include: • Hemorrhage • Severe pain • Infection • Heart attack • Stroke • Poison • Lack of oxygen • Dehydration • Psychological trauma

  46. Lesson 7 – Symptoms of Shock • Shock has many symptoms, including: • Pale, blue-gray skin color, especially under the nails and around the mouth • Cool skin • Rapid, weak pulse • Irregular breathing • Low blood pressure • Anxiety or restlessness • Shock symptoms vary from patient to patient.

  47. Lesson 7 – Types of Shock • Anaphylactic Shock • Cardiogenic Shock • Hemorrhagic Shock • Metabolic Shock • Neurogenic Shock • Psychogenic Shock • Respiratory Shock • Septic Shock

  48. Lesson 7 – Treating Shock • Because shock is such a serious condition, the caregiver should begin treatment immediately. • There are several aims for treating shock, including: • Eliminating or controlling the cause of shock • Improving blood flow • Providing oxygen • Regulating body temperature

  49. Lesson 7 – Procedure for Treating Shock In this lesson, you will learn the procedure for treating shock.

  50. Lesson 8 – Quiz In this lesson, you will take a quiz on shock.

More Related