Benito Mussolini. Chapter 16 – Section 3. Do Now : Friday 4/5/ 13. Take out “Ripple Effect” worksheet from yesterday – we will discuss it Have Mussolini HW on desk – I’ll be checking it!. Mussolini’s Rise to Power. son of a Socialist blacksmith & a teacher. socialist in his youth
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Benito Mussolini Chapter 16 – Section 3
Do Now: Friday 4/5/13 • Take out “Ripple Effect” worksheet from yesterday – we will discuss it • Have Mussolini HW on desk – I’ll be checking it!
Mussolini’s Rise to Power • son of a Socialist blacksmith & a teacher. • socialist in his youth • rejected socialism after the war & replaced it with Nationalism • 1919: organized veterans and other discontented Italians into the Fascist party. • In Rome they symbolized unity and authority • Mussolini was a fiery and charismatic speaker set on ending corruption and replacing turmoil with order.
Mussolini Gains Control • supporters were organized into “combat squads” • The Black Shirts • goal of the Black Shirts: • rejected the democratic processes in favor of violent action. • March on Rome: Mussolini marched his men to Rome demanding the removal of the government • Fascist Government goal: • crush communism & lower unemployment • Fearing civil war, King Victor Emmanuel III asked Mussolini to become Prime Minister • Named 27th Prime Minister • Rumor Violent overthrow • Reality King Emmanuel allowed it
Il Duce’s Power • 1925: assumed more power & took the title Il Duce meaning “The Leader” • Suppressed rival parties, muzzled the press, rigged elections, & replaced elected officials with Fascist supporters • Fascist Vatican City: • Mussolini recognized Vatican City as an independent state • Critics of the dictatorship were exiled, executed, thrown into prison • Secret police and propaganda • All political parties outlawed – except FASCIST • Totalitarian State