unit 3 global interactions 1200 1650 n.
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Unit 3: Global Interactions (1200-1650)

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  1. Unit 3: Global Interactions (1200-1650) Global History II Review

  2. Early Japanese Feudalism • Geography: Mountainous Archipelago • Forced Japan to be Isolated from Asia • Shintoism • Traditional religion of Japan • Worshiped Kami- spirits found in everything • Cultural Diffusion from Korea and China • Chinese writing • Buddhism (Zen Buddhism) and Confucianism

  3. Early Japanese Feudalism • Feudal Japan (1100s) • Similar social structure to European system • Shogun, Daimyo, Samurai, Peasants, Merchants • Samurai lived by a Code of Bushido (loyalty) • Tokugawa Shogun • Centralized feudal government • Cultural advances • Kabuki theater • Haiku poetry

  4. Mongols and Their Impact • Rise of the Mongols (1100s) • Genghis Khan expanded empire (military) • Conquered Eastern Europe to Middle East • Conquered China under Kublai Khan (1279) • Yuan Dynasty absorbed Chinese society • Mughal Dynasty ruled India • Akbar the Great was tolerant to Hindu beliefs

  5. Mongols and Their Impact • Mongol Impact • Destroyed and Conquered much of Asia • Russia: Absolutist Government and Isolation • China: Prosperity • Pax Mongolia and Global Trade • Silk Road brought wealth (traders like Marco Polo) • Decline of Mongol Empire • Too large and diverse an empire to rule • Deaths of strong leaders

  6. Global Trade and Interactions • Expansion of Chinese Trade • 1405-1433 Zheng He explored SEA for the Ming Dynasty trading Silk and porcelain • Major Trade Routes • Indian Ocean: trade between Asia and Africa • Mogadishu becomes a major trade center • Overland Trade: Silk Road • Mediterranean Sea

  7. Global Trade and Interactions • Resurgence of European Trade (1300s) • Crusades inspired trade with Asia and ME • Italian City-States emerged as trade centers for items coming to Europe from Asia • Trade fairs took place where trade routes met • Hanseatic League- trade on North and Baltic • The Bubonic Plague (Black Death) • Came from Asia through trade caravans • Killed much of European population • Weakened economy and status of the Church • Decline of feudalism

  8. Resurgence of Europe • Commercial Revolution • Growth of towns and a middle class • Formation of guilds (trade unions) • Capitalism developed • Development of banking systems • System of feudalism declined as serfs moved to cities for economic opportunities

  9. Resurgence of Europe • Renaissance (1300s to 1500s) • Rebirth of knowledge from Greco-Romans • Humanism- focus on the present • Artistic achievements flourished • Italy: Michelangelo & DaVinci, Flemish painters • Literature developed and flourished • Used Vernacular language • Focused on life • Shakespeare and Machiavelli (The Prince)

  10. Resurgence of Europe • Printing Press (1456) • Mass production of books • Increased literacy rates • Spread ideas rapidly • Causes of Reformation (1520s) • Ideas of the Renaissance (Humanism) • Kings seeking to gain power from Church • Corruption and Abuses in the Church

  11. Resurgence of Europe • Protestant Reformation • Martin Luther posts his 95 Theses sparking discussion and change • John Calvin builds on ideas of Luther • Henry VIII breaks with Church over annulment • Counter (Catholic) Reformation • Catholic Church attempted to keep Catholics and convert others • Little change within the Church

  12. Resurgence of Europe • Rise of Nation-States • Growth of royal power in France and England • Limited monarchy in England • Magna Carta- document limited King’s power • Parliament- representative assembly • Anglican Church develops in England

  13. African Civilizations • Geography • Savanna: grass lands with good soil • Desert: large part of continent (Sahara) • Traditional Society and Culture • Villages with families making up basic unit of society • Believe in forces of nature and spirits • Polytheistic

  14. African Civilizations • Rise and Fall of African Kingdoms (800-1600) • Ghana known for gold and salt trade • Spread of Islam • Mali was led by Mansa Musa (Muslim) • Songhai expanded through military conquest • Axum traded with Africa, India, and Med. Sea