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Living in North Africa, SW & Central Asia

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Living in North Africa, SW & Central Asia. Ch. 19 Sec.1. Food. Challenge to meet needs of rapidly growing population, w/ little resources Saudi Arabia can buy food with oil $ Afgh. can only grow sm. amt of food (poor soil)  Israel has great climate & grows/exports lots. Afghanistan.

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slide2
Food
  • Challenge to meet needs of rapidly growing population, w/ little resources
  • Saudi Arabia can buy food with oil $
  • Afgh. can only grow sm. amt of food (poor soil) 
  • Israel has great climate

& grows/exports lots

Afghanistan

agriculture
Agriculture
  • Strangely, there is such little arable land, but majority of jobs are in agriculture
  • They learn to adapt…
    • When Med. countries face a drought they just farm more hardy foods (wheat, barley, etc)
usable land
Usable Land
  • Egypt has least amount of usable land
  • Morocco & Turkey seem to have most
  • Most countries with little arable land compensate with herding
usable land1
Usable Land
  • To make up for little usable land countries may:
    • Have intensive irrigation (some drain seas )
    • Mining industries
    • Focus on other industries like oil…
slide6
Oil
  • Oil is, by far, most

impt. commodity

    • 70% of world’s oil, 33% of world’s nat. gas
  • Industries using oil:
    • Refining & shipping
    • Steel, textiles, electricity production
    • Petrochemicals (fertilizers, medicines, plastics, & paints)
service industries
Service Industries
  • GDP = gross domestic product
    • Value of goods & services produced in country per year
  • Bahrain is 60% service industry
    • Banking, real estate, insurance
    • Highest GDP
    • High HDI b/c it spends its $ on social services & needs as well
service industries1

Western Wall in Jerusalem

Service Industries
  • Tourism is huge b/c:
    • Religious importance
    • Historical importance
    • Mediterranean climate/beaches
  • Tourism limitations
    • Iran limits # of tourists to decrease western influence
    • Regional conflicts discourage ppl from coming (not safe)
transportation
Transportation
  • Most waterways connected with straits & gulfs
    • Strategic and economic value
    • Almost all oil exports sent thru waterways ($$)
    • Vast # of pipelines to carry oil over land to coasts
communications
Communications
  • Problems:
    • Too much government control
    • Lots of deserts and mountains
    • Lack of satellite/cellular service in rural areas
  • The New Silk Road
    • Telecommunications highway built over old Silk Road route
      • Cable for 20 countries; 16,767 miles
      • TRACECA- road, rail, & air system
slide13
OPEC

Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries

  • 12 members
  • Can restrict/limit amount of oil
  • Can raise oil prices
  • Can enact embargos

(All have been done to U.S.)

interdependence is key
Interdependence is Key

They provide oil and other industrial goods; others provide foreign aid, trade deals, loans, & food goods.

Despite our political disagreements, we cannot live without one another

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