Tc chapter 9 tcing about moral issues
Download
1 / 16

TC chapter 9– TCing about moral issues - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 92 Views
  • Uploaded on

TC chapter 9– TCing about moral issues. One of the most challenging and complex areas of life is the realm of moral issues and decisions. See the list of decisions outlined on pg 370. . Share the following: How does it affect others? May be debatable; no clear-cut right or wrong

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' TC chapter 9– TCing about moral issues' - jonah


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Tc chapter 9 tcing about moral issues
TC chapter 9– TCing about moral issues

  • One of the most challenging and complex areas of life is the realm of moral issues and decisions.

  • See the list of decisions outlined on pg 370.

  • Share the following:

  • How does it affect others?

  • May be debatable; no clear-cut right or wrong

  • Likely to be positive and negative consequences

  • May be guided by committed values and reflect a moral reasoning process

  • Involve the concept of moral responsibility


Aristotle:

The ultimate purpose in studying ethics is not as it is in other inquiries, the attainment of theoretical knowledge; we are not conducting this inquiry in order to know what virtue is, but in order to become good, else there would be no advantage in studying it.


Socrates:

For I do nothing but go about persuading you all, old and young alike, not to take thought for your persons or your properties, but first and chiefly to care about the greatest improvement of your soul. I tell you that virtue is not given by money, but that from virtue comes money and every other good of man, public as well as private. This is my teaching.

What is his moral imperative?


  • Morals: from L moralis, meaning “custom”

  • Essentially equivalent; mean the judgment of goodness or badness of action and character


See pg 373
See pg 373 character

  • We have arrived at a time in which we have eliminated most external dangers.

  • Now our greatest threat is systemically human—ourselves.

  • See pg 374

  • Gandhi, 375. see the composition of this scene.


See pg 377 moral compass
See pg 377, moral compass character

  • Conscience . . . . A psychological theory of morality, sort of a working brain machine. Depends on our influences. Justifies travesty.

  • I do not know . . . An agnostic theory. No way to know—relativist. Justifies travesty.

  • Improve my own situation . . . Pragmatic theory. Justifies travesty.

  • God or scriptures . . . Theist theory. Note that this is entirely based on scripture, religions conflict, so one must be right. Also, justifies travesty.


  • Advice of authority—depends on the authority and their compass; similar to theist theory. Justifies travesty.

  • Best for all involved: altruistic theory. Golden rule. Death by a thousand cuts. What about conflicting interests?


Thinking activity 9 3
Thinking activity 9.3 conflict when your happiness affects another, or vice versa. Justifies travesty.

  • Lifeboat

  • Whistle-blower

  • Mad bomber

  • Patient

  • Friend


Reason and justice
Reason and justice conflict when your happiness affects another, or vice versa. Justifies travesty.

  • Morality is best defined by concepts of reason (not emotion) and justice (universal rules)


Immanuel kant
Immanuel Kant conflict when your happiness affects another, or vice versa. Justifies travesty.

  • Categorical imperative:

  • Act only according to that maxim by which you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law.

  • Act so that you treat humanity, whether in your own person or in that of another, always as an end and never as a means only. (each person is an independent agent, not a manipulable of yours.)


See 390 ethics and emotions
See 390, ETHICS AND EMOTIONS conflict when your happiness affects another, or vice versa. Justifies travesty.

  • Care more. That helps. Avarice sucks.

  • Accept responsibility for your moral choices. (think back to Diana; This american life’s photojournalist)

  • Promote happiness; diminish suffering.

  • Seek to develop an informed intuition—develop is the key


Discover the natural law of human nature
Discover the natural law of human nature conflict when your happiness affects another, or vice versa. Justifies travesty.

  • Any examples? (see pgs 396-7)

  • Good luck with that . . .


Abraham maslow psychologist
Abraham Maslow, psychologist conflict when your happiness affects another, or vice versa. Justifies travesty.

  • Studied self-actualized people. (those who reach their full potential) He studied the healthiest, as opposed to most psychs who studied the abnormal.

  • Famous for Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs.


Maslow s findings
Maslow’s findings conflict when your happiness affects another, or vice versa. Justifies travesty.

  • Morally mature, psychologically healthy people think, decide, and act in accordance with thoughtfully developed moral standards, are open-minded about their moral beliefs, defend them with reasoned argument when challenged, and change or modify them when they are shown to be false or unjustified.

  • Their conclusions are based on their own reflective analysis (not their cultural norms), and are fully committed to living these values.


The disparity between intellect and character
The disparity between conflict when your happiness affects another, or vice versa. Justifies travesty. intellect and character

  • Enron: The Smartest Guys in the Room

  • GasLand

  • Hot Coffee

  • How can the Enron debacle/frakkingwoes/tort reform be viewed as a failing of one or more of the 7 kinds of moral compasses?

  • A Failing of reason and justice?

  • A Failing Kant’s categorical imperative(s)?

  • A failing of self-actualization?


ad