Objectives 1. Define terms associated with youth organizations. 2. List 10 youth organizations and indicate if they are associated with school and/or with agriculture. 3. List six Career and Technical Student Organizationsand provide select data about each 4. Summarize the history, purposes and activities associated with the 4-H. 5. Discuss how the 4-H youth leader and FFA advisor might work together. 6. Summarize how CTSOs and their associated activities are encouraged and protected by law in Arkansas. 7. Describe some of the misconceptions about CTSOs. 8. Explain the legal basis for The FFA.
Objective 1: Define Terms • Youth--- usually 18 or less • Special circumstances exist that may extent that upper limit • Organization– An organized group with a purpose, which has a systematic and methodical approach to management of it’s function usually stated in a constitution and by-laws. • Some are in-school and some are out of school.
Youth Organization vs. Youth Program • Youth Organization • usually involves membership, officers, constitutions, rules, theme • More student driven or run • Youth Program • less student invovled • series of activities may have same with general purpose • Less student driven (run)
Youth Broader term In or out of school Student Narrower term In school Youth Organization vs.Student Organization
Career and Technical Student Organizations • Old term – Vocational Student Organization • VSOs • Newer term -- Career and Technical Student Organizations • This became the name in the late 1990s when the profession Changed from vocational education and replaced to Career and Technical Education. • Before VSO now CTSO
Student broader term Any student in school Examples BETA chess spanish Vocational Student Narrower term must be enrolled in a vocational program Examples FFA SkillsUSA FBLA Student OrganizationVs. Career and Technical Student Organizations
Objective 2: Youth Organizations Not Associated With School(Ag And Non-ag). • How many can you name?
Objective 2: Youth Organizations Not Associated With School (Ag & non-Ag) • American Junior Shorthorn Association (AJSA): 8288 Hascall St., Omaha, NE 68124. 402-393-7200. • Junior Beefmaster Breeders Associ-ation (JBBA): Open to youth age 21 and younger—nationwide. Jr. Beefmaster Breeders Association, 6800 Park Ten Blvd., Suite 290W, San Antonio, TX 78213. 210-732-3132. www.beefmasters.org. • National Junior Angus Association (NJAA): Open to youth age 21 and younger—nationwide. James Fisher, 3201 Frederick Ave., St. Joseph, MO 64506. 816-383-5100. www.njaa.info. w many can you think of?
Youth Organizations, Continued • National Junior Swine Association: Open nationwide to youth age 21 and younger interested in Duroc, Hamp, York, or Landrace Swine. Jennifer Shike, P.O. Box 2417, West Lafayette, IN 47906. 765-463-3594 or firstname.lastname@example.org. • Arkansas Junior Cattlemen's Association • http://www.ajcattle.com/ • National Grange • 4-H • Boy Scouts • Girl Scouts
Link to Descriptions of Career and Technical Student Organizations • http://www.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ovae/pi/cte/vso.html • Business Professionals of America • DECA • Future Business Leaders of America - Phi Beta Lambda • Family, Career and Community Leaders of America • Health Occupations Students of America • National FFA • National Postsecondary Agricultural Student Organization • National Young Farmer Educational Association • SkillsUSA-VICA • Technology Student Association (TSA)
Objective 5: History, Purposes and Activities Associated With 4-H. • Guest Speaker
Objective 6: 4-H YouthLeader And FFA Advisor Working Together • List ways these can work together….
Objective 7: Describe Some Of The Misconceptions About CTSOs • That student youth organizations have diminishing value to today's vo ed students. The truth is that vocational educators have identified strong CTSO as an essential component of high quality vo ed. • That the strength of the youth organizations is that it focuses on leadership. However, the primary goal of membership is to develop competencies necessary for employment. • That student organizations are nice extracurricular activities for motivated students. Today, student organizations are working to ensure that their activities are integrated into the classroom curriculum. • That teachers' involvement in student organizations remains strong. The fact is that teachers are facing a time crunch and other responsibilities compete for teacher time. • That state and federal funds provide sole support to CTSOs. As federal funds have been cut, states can no longer carry the burden of financial support. CTSOs must make stronger efforts to secure support from the business community. • Go to the original source ERIC Document ED392895 Youth Organizations. Myths and Realities
Objective 8: Basis for the FFA • Legal Basis • Started by the U.S. Government • George-Barden Act • Public Law 740 • USOE Policy • Court Ruling • Educational/Psychological Basis • Philosophical Basis
Objective 8: Legal/policy basis for FFA, cont. • The FFA is recognized as an integral part of the curriculum by the federal government. • 1. The Federal Government was responsible for establishing the FFA. Agricultural education leaders with the Federal Board for Vocational Education provided the leadership for the establishment of the FFA.
Objective 8: Legal/policy basis for FFA, cont. • 2. The George-Barden Act of 1946 states federal funds can be expended on "supervision by the vocational agriculture teacher of the activities, related to vocational education in agriculture, of the Future Farmers of America and the New Farmers of America". • How many "clubs" have provisions in federal law authorizing federal expenditures on "club" activities?
Objective 8: Legal/policy basis for FFA cont. • 4. USOE Policy states that FFA is intracurricular.
Objective 8: Legal/policy basis for FFA cont. • 3. The FFA has a Federal Charter (Public Law 81-740 passed in 1950): • Sec. 18 "The United States Commissioner of Education . . . is authorized to make available personnel, services, and facilities of the Office of Education . . . to administer or assist in the administration of the business and activities of the corporation." • Sec. 8 requires Federal education officials to be part of the governing structure of the FFA.
Public Law 105-225(formerly Public Law 81-740) 105th Congress Passed Aug. 12, 1998 - [H.R. 1085] • In 1950, the 81st Congress of the United States, recognizing the importance of the FFA as an integral part of the program of vocational agriculture, granted a Federal Charter to the FFA. In 1998, the 105th Congress of the United States reviewed and passed technical amendments. This shows through the revisions as Public Law 105-225. • Editors' Note: Public Law 105-225 is a revision of Public Law 81-740 which reflects technical changes. The essential elements of Public Law 105-225 have been reprinted here to provide local chapters with background information on the chartering of FFA through Congress. For legal purposes, the full text of the Law (including historical notes and reference to the Code) should be requested from the National FFA Advisor or refer to Title 36 of the United States Code.http://www.ffa.org/about_ffa/html/ffa_publaw225.htm
Objective 8: Legal/policy basis for FFA cont. • The FFA is recognized as an integral part of the curriculum by the state government • 1. The State Board of Education in AR approved the Workforce Development Education - Program of Study and Support Services Guide which states “FFA activities are an integral part of the agricultural education program”
Objective 8: Legal/policy basis for FFA cont. • The courts have ruled that FFA is intracurricular and is an integral part of the educational program. • 1. A student in Texas who was active in the FFA moved to a new school. The school had vocational agriculture but no FFA. He brought a lawsuit against the school and won. The school had to start a FFA chapter.
Objective 8: Legal/policy basis for FFA cont • 2. The state AR approved curriculum guides in agriculture includes content on the FFA and it is recognized as an integral part of the program. • 3. The state plan for vocational education (which must be approved by the state and federal government) includes CTSO activities.