GLOBAL CITIZENSHIP - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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global citizenship l.
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  1. GLOBAL CITIZENSHIP Dr Maurice Mullard Lecture 6

  2. Citizenship and the nation state • Treaty of Westphalia 1689 establish boundaries and autonomy of individual nation state respect boundaries • People to live within boundaries • Rights to be recognized by the State • Human Nature • Stoics – common humanity • Aristotle unequal citizen • Cicero human reason equality before the Law • St Paul Christian tradition of obedience

  3. The nation state • History of the Nation State • Definition of who is a citizen • Who is to be included who is to be excluded • Perennial problem of slavery • Women and rights • Rights to Property • Who Governs • Res public - commonwealth

  4. Rights within the Nation State • Changing nature of power • The absolute monarch Divine right of Kings Louis XIV Louise XVI in France • Charles 1 • French Revolution 1793 Bonaparte 1808 • Paris Commune 1872 • Bismarck Germany reforms 1880s • World War 1 • Germany Russia • Woodrow Wilson doctrine League of Nations

  5. What lessons from USA • American Revolution 1776 – against George 111 • Federal papers • US Constitution Bill of Rights • First Amendment • Habeas Corpus • Civil War 1640 • Go West American Indians • Migration from Europe 1900 • Race in America

  6. GOING GLOBAL • Cosmopolitan value • Stoics Greece – common humanity • Marcus Aurelius Citizens of Rome • History of the cosmopolitan Jews not to be trusted loyalty beyond the nation state • Anti Semitism Knights of Malta 1760 • Expulsions of Jews and Muslims from Spain • Pogroms Easter in Russia and Poland

  7. Nazi Germany and the holocaust • Lessons on the holocaust for issues of human rights • State does not safeguard fragile humanity • Nazis won democratic elections 1931 and 1933 • Hannah Arendt too much politics • Protect inalienable human rights • Nuremburg trials crimes against humanity • Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948 • International Covenant on Political and Civil Rights 1966 • Economic and Social Rights 1966

  8. CITIZENSHIP OUTSIDE THE BOUNDARIES OF THE NATION STATE • Recent atrocities Rwanda Darfur • Europe Bosnia Kosovo • Ethnic cleansing exclusion of the other • Do these cases justify intervention – NATO • US IRAQ and Afghanistan new doctrine

  9. Seeking our rights outside the nation state • Cosmopolitan values we carry a plurality of identities hybrid in the making of biography • What glues society together? • Global economy interconnected and awareness of the other • Who is the other? • Global Governance

  10. Global Awareness • Flow and movement of capital • Labour markets competition • Migration • World Poverty • Ecology climate change • Nationalism and xenophobia • War of civilizations • War on Terror

  11. The end of the nation state • Globalisation undermines the nation state • Capital flows • Limits of macro economic policy • The Limit of politics • Universal rights beyond the state • Undermining democracy • Human Rights Act • European Declaration of Human Rights