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An Open Textbook System to tackle Hong Kong’s textbook problem Dr K S Yuen and Dr K C Li PowerPoint Presentation
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An Open Textbook System to tackle Hong Kong’s textbook problem Dr K S Yuen and Dr K C Li. Outline. Outgrowths of OER OER Universities Open Textbooks Hong Kong’s textbooks problem The government’s solutions Our proposed solution An online open textbook platform

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Presentation Transcript
slide2

Outline

  • Outgrowths of OER
  • OER Universities
  • Open Textbooks
  • Hong Kong’s textbooks problem
  • The government’s solutions
  • Our proposed solution
  • An online open textbook platform
  • Online textbooks and teaching materials
  • Quality assurance
  • Community and capacity building
slide3

Outgrowths

Online courses based on open courseware:Coursera; Udacity: MITx, edX, OERu

Open textbooks projects:College Open Textbooks; Connexions; California Free Digital Textbooks Initiative; Open Access Textbooks; Flat World Knowledge

slide5

Problems of printed textbooks

There was a heated debate about textbooks in Hong Kong in the past months. The focus was on the high price.

slide6

Problems of printed textbooks

Is it all about money?

slide7

Problems of printed textbooks

Not flexible for specific needs

Vetting process too rigid: meeting deadlines

Heavy upfront investment; specialized development teams; lengthy production

Teachers developing own materials are lone rangers

Publishers do not wish to go online

slide8

Problems of printed textbooks

Students are notprovided with e-versions of textbooks

slide9

The government’s solution

In 2008, a Working Group on Textbooks and e-Learning Resources was set up to work on possible solutions.

slide10

The government’s solution

2009 solution:

Grants to encourage schools and publishersto develop e-learning resources;

HKEdCity to set up an e-commerce platformto sell e-learning resources

Push for debundling of textbooks and teaching and learning materials

slide11

The government’s solution

Result:

More e-learning resources are used in classrooms, but they do not replace the textbooks;

Textbook prices still on the rise in 2010-11;

Resistance by publishers on debundling oftextbooks and teaching and learning materials.

slide12

The government’s solution

A Task Force to review learning and teaching materials was formed in early 2011.

A report was produced in December 2011.

slide13

The government’s solution

2012 solution:

e-Textbook Market Development Scheme(EMADS) which facilitates, through subsidy, the development of a new, healthy, rich and sustainable e-textbook market.

slide14

The government’s solution

Can EMADS solve Hong Kong problems?

We have to wait and see.

Debundling does not lead to drop in textbook prices

EMADS’s view of e-textbooks is more on theenhanced e-book versions.

It does not place emphasis on the printed versions.

slide17

The government’s solution

E-textbooks will take a long time to replacethe printed books.

Infrastructure and individual equipment have to be in place for extensive use of e-books.

Inexpensive e-textbooks cannot be guaranteed when government subsidy is withdrawn.

slide19

An open textbook system

  • Based on the concept and practice of open textbooks
  • The aim is to produce open source textbooks which are free, flexible, and current, for use by schools and universities
slide20

An open textbook system

  • The textbooks provided:
  • are less expensive
  • allow fast revision and updates
  • allow transparent peer and user quality assurance
  • allow easy adaptation and modification
slide21

An open textbook system

  • The textbooks provided:
  • are digitized for online and mobile learning
  • Available for use along with multimedia and online materials
slide22

An open textbook system

  • An online open textbook platform
  • Online (printable) textbooks and teaching materials
  • Quality assurance
  • Community and capacity building
slide23

An open textbook platform

  • A repository for hosting textbooks and associated learning resources
  • Users can browse, download, revise, remix, re-create and upload materials
  • Users can download and print the (customized textbooks)
slide24

Open textbooks and teaching materials

  • 12 open textbooks on English language in accordance to EDB syllabuses at the school level
  • Over 100 university level open textbooks
  • Course materials for the new Yijinprogramme
  • OUHK courseware
slide25

Modus operandi

  • Selecting existing open textbooks from the Internet, and modifying them to suit Hong Kong needs
  • Enlisting the support of practitioners
  • Employing professionals and experts
  • Joint development with others
slide26

Quality assurance: internal

  • A team of editors and educational technologists to monitor the development process
  • Subject experts to review items
slide27

Quality assurance: external

  • Peer review
  • Vetting by Review Panels of EDB
  • Open review and rating by users: teachers, parents and students
  • Systematic evaluation and research
slide28

Community and capacity building

  • A consortium made up of beneficiary educational institutions to monitor development
  • Contributors and users form a community to share experience
  • Individuals will be invited to join the team of contributors
slide29

Conclusion

  • In the long run, the project will become a public platform, for enthusiasts to contribute freely, and for use by teachers and students.
  • The expanding community and capacity thus generated will determine the project’s future quality standards and requirements, and in turn will lead to the continuous maintenance and improvement of the contents.