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LITHUANIANS IN NORTHERN IRELAND. Neringa Liubinien ė. MIGRANT WORKERS. The name ‘migrant workers’ is just horrible. Couldn’t we be called simply Eastern Europeans or Eastern colleagues, just workers or something alongside these lines…? (from an interview with a Lithuanian woman).

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migrant workers
MIGRANT WORKERS
  • The name ‘migrant workers’ is just horrible. Couldn’t we be called simply Eastern Europeans or Eastern colleagues, just workers or something alongside these lines…?

(from an interview with a Lithuanian woman)

how many
HOW MANY…???
  • Since May, 2004:
  • UK

Poles- 65% of the total (390,000) – followed by…

Lithuanians -11% (66,000)

  • NI

Poles - 35,000/45,000

Lithuanians - 3,500/4,000

  • (Home Office figures - 27.02.06)
when did they come
WHEN DID THEY COME…?
  • Before the EU Enlargement
    • 7 years ago…
    • 5 years ago…
  • After the EU Enlargement:
    • 3 years ago…
    • 2 years ago…
    • Almost a year ago…
    • Several months ago…

Plans Reality

  • to stay for a short they are here until now…

period of time

how why did they come
HOW & WHY DID THEY COME…?
  • Legally & Illegally

☼ work permits ☼ tourists

  • Because they were invited by
    • Friends
    • Relatives
    • Acquaintances
    • Employers/recruitment agencies
  • They came
    • to earn some or a lot of money
    • to live
    • to join family, friends or acquaintances
why northern ireland
WHY NORTHERN IRELAND…???
  • Good question!
  • For no particular reason, except that…
    • somebody offered a job there
    • somebody had unsuccessful start in Ireland/London
    • family/friends already were in NI
  • And now
    • they like here…
    • local people are friendly…
    • they feel secure…
    • they think to move to other places
    • they think about returning to Lithuania…after some time
where do they live
WHERE DO THEY LIVE…???
  • Everywhere !!!
    • from Belfast to Trillick
  • Main concentration places:
    • Dungannon area, Belfast area, Omagh area – depends on work places
  • In rented houses:
    • rent alone or share with others (depends)
  • In bought houses:
    • live with family
what language do they speak
WHAT LANGUAGE DO THEY SPEAK?

English

Lithuanian

Russian

And more…

WHAT RELIGION ARE THEY…?

Catholics

Protestants

Mormons

Non-religious

what do they do
WHAT DO THEY DO…?
  • Theywork (farm, factory, shop, pub, school, NGO …)
  • They study (school, languages)
  • They start their business (shop, hairdresser’s)
  • They travel (in NI, to LT, Spain and other)
  • They create families, divorce, have children
  • Their bring their families & relatives here
  • They make friends
  • They go out(cinemas, theatres, pubs, friends)
  • They create art, work places &…problems
  • They help … sometimes
what do they plan
WHAT DO THEY PLAN…?
  • To stay for good in NI
  • They don’t plan anything
  • They plan to return to LT after some time
  • They don’t know: life is unpredictable
  • To start business
  • To finish school
  • To find love
  • To pursue career
  • To earn some money
  • To live happily
what are they we like
WHAT ARE THEY / WE LIKE…?

The ‘picture’ depends on the viewer:

1. NI about Lithuanians

  • Victims (e.g. of harassment; racial attacks; exploitation …)
  • Members of ethnic minorities (e.g. Ethnic-Minority Achievement Service)
  • Migrant workers (e.g. “Your Rights In Northern Ireland: A Guide for Migrant Workers”)
  • Normal people (e.g. ~ like us; Irish also emigrated a lot; …)
  • ‘Second-class’ people (thieves; alcoholics; take our jobs; do you have a CD players in LT? …)
  • Immigrants
2 lithuanians about lithuanians
2. Lithuanians about Lithuanians

Usually negative words are used

  • Jealous
  • Unfriendly
  • Closed
  • Afraid of smth/smb
  • Not pushing
  • Tend to exploit other Lithuanians
  • Not-organized
3 me about lithuanians
3. Me about Lithuanians

general impressions:

  • Like risk (driving while drunk, without insurance, work illegally)
  • Not interested in anything – Very interested in various things
  • Closed (small circle) – Communicative (open)
  • Negative towards LT – Missing & loving LT – Indifferent to LT
  • Following events in LT – Not interested
  • Usually, they maintain some relations with LT (family; estate; holidays)
  • Saving money – spending money – sending money/investing in LT
  • Loving or hating local food
  • Celebrating national festivals – Irish and Lithuanian
  • Cooking at home, partying at home
  • Gardening (in the backyards)
  • Bringing some beloved people and things from home
  • Shopping in LIDL & East European food shops
  • Most popular: bread & herring
  • Buying Lithuanian newspapers & magazines
lithuanians about others
Lithuanians about others
  • Locals in NI:
    • Naïve;
    • Difficult to have business with;
    • Racists;
    • Very friendly;
    • Very helpful.
  • Latvians: brothers
  • Polish:
    • no big love towards the Poles;
    • negativity without concrete reasons;
    • stereotypes.
so where s their home
SO WHERE’S THEIR HOME…?
  • In Lithuania
  • Don’t know where…
  • Here in NI
  • Where is their family

NI is:

    • Transitional stop…
    • The second home…
    • Temporary home…
    • New home…
    • My home…