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Puritanism. Danielle Johnson Period 6 10-10-13. Puritans. Puritans were a significant group of English protestants in the 16 th and 17 th centuries. Puritanism was founded after the accession of Elizabeth the first of England, in 1558 as an activist movement within the Church of England.
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Puritanism Danielle Johnson Period 6 10-10-13
Puritans • Puritans were a significant group of English protestants in the 16th and 17th centuries. • Puritanism was founded after the accession of Elizabeth the first of England, in 1558 as an activist movement within the Church of England. • Puritans were not allowed to change anything from the church within, and were restricted by laws controlling the practice of religion.
Beliefs of Puritanism • Personal biblical interpretation • Sought both individual and corporate conformity to the teaching of the Bible • Moral purity pursued both down to the smallest detail as well as ecclesiastical purity to the highest level • That man existed for the glory of God
Puritanism and Demonology • Puritans had believed in demonic forces, as well as most Christians during that time period. • Puritan pastors undertook exorcisms for demonic possession in some high-profile cases, and believed in some allegations of witchcraft. • The context of the Salem witch trials of 1692–1693 shows the intricacy of trying to place "Puritan" beliefs as distinctive. The publication of Saducismus, Triumphatus, an anti-scepticaltract that has been implicated in the moral panic at Salem.
Family life • Puritans placed family at the center of their societies as an organization to facilitate their devotion to God. • Based on Biblical portrayals of Adam and Eve, Puritans believed that marriage represented one of the most fundamental human relationships rooted in procreation, love, and, most importantly, salvation. • Puritan husbands commanded authority through family direction and prayer; the female relationship to her husband and to God was marked by submissiveness and humility.
Restrictions and Pleasures • Celebration was outlawed in Boston from 1659. • They were not, however, opposed to drinking alcohol in moderation. • Bounds were not set on enjoying sexuality within the bounds of marriage, as a gift from God. • Puritans publicly punished drunkenness and sexual relations outside of marriage.
Diversity in Puritanism • Various strands of Calvinist thought of the 17th century were taken up by different parts of the Puritan movement. • In the same way, there is no theory of church polity that is uniquely Puritan, and views differed beyond opposition to Erastianism (state control), though even that had its small group of supporters in the Westminster Assembly. • Some separatist Puritans were Presbyterian, but most were early Congregationalists.