Puritanism. The Age of Faith 1600s-1750s. Where and When?. Where : New England, in the Massachusetts Bay Colony When: about 1650-about 1750 Also called: Pilgrims—they believed they were on a journey to a holy place Why? To build a secular society patterned after God’s word (New Test.).
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The Age of Faith
Where: New England, in the Massachusetts Bay Colony
When: about 1650-about 1750
Also called: Pilgrims—they believed they were on a journey to a holy place
Why? To build a secular society patterned after God’s word (New Test.)
All events are foreseen and foreordained by God
God chooses who is saved and who is damned. Nagging fear—Am I saved?
Publicly supported schools:
Harvard founded in 1636 to train ministers
Education necessary so people can oppose Satan.
1770: 70% literacy rate in New England!
Dissenters must be opposed and driven out
--persecution and expulsion of Anne Hutchinson (1638), Roger Williams (1638)
Man is fallen and inherently evil
Our futures are already destined—all we can do is pray for salvation
Those who do not agree and conform must be expelled or destroyed
Voting is restricted to Church members only
Blurring of the line between political and religious authority—essentially, a theocracy
In religion, Puritans reject all adornments; the same is true in their literature.
Plain style: strong, simple, logical
Thus, explanations of the Scriptures are clear to all people.
Focus on Inner Events and Outer Events
Inner Events: feelings, seen as stages on the road to salvation
Outer events: external events (like travels), seen as containing messages from God
(interpreting inner and outer events as religious experiences)