1 / 10


PURITANISM. The birth and development of a new religious movement. Origins and development.

Download Presentation


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. Content is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use only. Download presentation by click this link. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server. During download, if you can't get a presentation, the file might be deleted by the publisher.


Presentation Transcript

  1. PURITANISM The birth and development of a new religious movement

  2. Origins and development • Puritanism is a protestant movement within Church of England,which developed during XVI-XVII century.It was founded by some Marian after the accession of Elisabeth I,especially influenced by Calvinism • The movement was created against corruption of Catholic Church, especially its «superstitious symbles» as statues,stained-glass windows and sacerdotal vestment

  3. It developed especially amoung the Middle Class and people anti-royalists • The moment of their utmost supremacy was when Puritans came to power (1642) as a result of the English Civil War

  4. Puritans after the Civil war • After the won of the Civil War (in 1642) by round-heads (anti-royalists), puritanism became a powerful force • Oliver Cromwell,a puritan, founded the Commonwealth (name based on the idea of puritanism, which believed in common richness) bringing moral and religious changes in England Oliver Cromwell

  5. After Cromwell’s death (in1958) the monarchy was restored and Puritans lose their power • the period of Great Persecution of Puritans began and most of them took refuge in New England (USA) The «Mayflower», ship used by Puritans to escape persecutions

  6. Movement’s thoughts • The main aim was to purify the church,especially morally • Desire to reach salvation • Consideration of the Bible as God’s true law • Belief in the Parable of the Talents • Puritans predicted austerity and they were against every kind of entertainment (reason why each theater was closed in 1642), because it was considered immoral The Bible

  7. Parable of the Talents The Parable of Talents is one of the well known parables of Jesus The main points are: • God gives talents to people • Everybody has to bear them • Who is not able to bear talents will commit a sin as poor people, who cannot exploit them • Who is able to produce goods and wealth will advance in his/her social condition and he/she will reach God’s benediction (reason why the Middle Class was mainly Puritan)

  8. John Milton (1608-1674) • The most famous puritan poet and the best known poet only after Shakespeare of English literature • Supporter of freedom and republicanism • He wrote poetry in Latin, Italian and English (he had a Classic education) • His most important works are Areopagitica and Paradise Lost John Milton

  9. Paradise lost (1667) • Epic poem in blank verse with Biblical references (e.g. Adam and Eve) • It was about fall of man,because of his desire to have knowledge • The main character is an hero, Satan, who disobeyed the God, because he wanted to be more powerful than him • The real aim is to celebrate God by making references to deeds of the hero (as each epic poem)

  10. Puritanism today • As the result of persecution,Puritans left England and they extablished especially in the New World (USA) • Puritanism,based on increase of wealth, layed the foundations of consumerism in Usa, here’s why America became one of the most important world power.

More Related