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Do Now. Get out Roman Roads activity, pass it forward. Take this practice matching quiz on your new Do Now sheet. The Pax Romana. The Roman Empire. Augustus Caesar aka – Octavian, sets up Roman Empire in 27 BC after defeating Marc Anthony. Creates many reforms like:

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Presentation Transcript
do now
Do Now
  • Get out Roman Roads activity, pass it forward.
  • Take this practice matching quiz on your new Do Now sheet.
the roman empire
The Roman Empire
  • Augustus Caesar aka – Octavian, sets up Roman Empire in 27 BC after defeating Marc Anthony.
  • Creates many reforms like:
    • Civil service system – people of all classes can have jobs.
    • Set up uniform rule of law
    • Guaranteed safe travel/trade on Roman roads
    • Created common coinage - make trade easier.
    • PRAETORIAN GUARD- Police of Rome
the pax romana1
The Pax Romana
  • Augustus’ reign started 200 year period known as Pax Romana – Roman peace.
  • 27 BC to AD 180 was peaceful and stable.
  • **ONLY INSTABILITY** was transfer of power - law didn’t provide easy succession of Emperors.
awesome augustus 27 b c 14 a d
Awesome Augustus (27 B.C. - 14 A.D.)
  • Often said Emperor Augustus, “Found Rome a city of brick and left it a city of marble.”
  • Unified and enlarged Roman Empire using imperial authority and strong military.

http://www.unf.edu/classes/freshmancore/core1images/augustus.jpg

the julian emperors
The Julian Emperors
  • Augustus dies in AD 14.
  • 4 emperors who follow are the Julian emperors = all related to Julius Caesar.
tiberius 14 37 a d
Tiberius (14-37 A.D.)
  • Very unpopular
  • Known for making poor decisions and for attacking his enemies.
  • Said that ruling Rome was like “holding a wolf by it’s ears.”

http://www.pbs.org/empires/romans/empire/tiberius.html

crazy caligula 37 41 a d
Crazy Caligula! (37-41 A.D.)
  • Caligula takes over in AD 37.
  • Grand- nephew to Tiberius
  • Brutal, corrupt, mentally disturbed
  • Names his horse to be a consul.
  • Praetorian Guard assassinated Crazy Caligula in AD 41.

http://www.aeria.phil.uni-erlangen.de/photo_html/portraet/roemisch/kaiserzeit/benannt/caligula/caligu4.JPG

crippled claudius 41 54 a d
Crippled Claudius(41-54 A.D.)
  • Paralyzed uncle of Caligula takes over in AD 41.
  • Very smart, great leader.
  • His humility made him very popular
  • Dies in AD 54
  • Stepson Nero takes the throne

http://www.pbs.org/empires/romans/empire/claudius.html

nasty nero 54 68 a d
Nasty Nero(54-68 A.D.)
  • Got the crazy genes from Caligula.
  • Had mother, wife, and many senators murdered.
  • Persecuted Christians

What does persecute mean?

  • Neglected duties, became fearful he would be killed, and committed suicide in AD 68.

http://www.pbs.org/empires/romans/empire/nero.html

confusion and chaos
Confusion and Chaos
  • In next year, 4 generals lead Rome (“The Year of the Four Emperors”).
  • Vespasian eventually wins, starts rule in AD 69. (rules for ten years)
  • Extends Roman citizenship to all men in military.
  • Sons Titus and Domitian take over.
vespasian 69 79 a d
Vespasian(69-79 A.D.)
  • Pivotal moment: The first emperor not related to the family of Augustus, Vespasian achieved imperial power by the support of the armies and via a special law enacted to confer authority on him.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/romans/romespivotalemperors_gallery_02.shtml

the good emperors
The Good Emperors
  • Good Emperors rule from AD 96- 180.
  • Include :
    • Nerva – appointed by Senate, popular with people, not with military
    • Trajan - extended empire to its furthest reaches
    • Hadrian – Builds Wall across north Britain to protect against invaders.
      • Secured the Roman borders.
    • Antoninus Pius
    • Marcus Aurelius – Respected scholar

- His death in AD 180 ends the Pax Romana

hadrian
Hadrian
  • 117-138 A.D.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/romans/romespivotalemperors_gallery_03.shtml

hadrian s wall
Hadrian’s Wall

http://www.contours.co.uk/self-guided/images/hadrians-wall.gif

http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/upload/img_400/hw_housesteads_03.jpg

marcus aurelius
Marcus Aurelius
  • ・Born 121 AD
  • Reigned 161 - 180 AD

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/romans/romespivotalemperors_gallery_04.shtml

http://skyscraper.fortunecity.com/quantum/773/fotos/gladiator6.jpg

summary
Summary
  • “The emperor was what he did.”
  • Regardless of the strengths or weaknesses of a leader, Rome still ran fairly smoothly.
  • Many of the problems are rooted in the fact that Augustus never set up clear standards for succession of power.
  • The emperor answered first and foremost to the military.
the end of the pax romana
The End of the Pax Romana
  • A succession of weak leaders and civil wars follows as Rome begins its slow decline.
reflection
Reflection
  • After learning about some of the emperors, the Pax Romana does not seem very peaceful? Why do you think it carried that name?