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Back Injury Statistics - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Back Injury Statistics. 8 out of 10 adults experience it 80% chance it will happen again Effects everything we do Exceedingly painful. Anatomy of the Back. Stacked vertebrae Disc separate Ligaments/muscle Spinal cord . Factors That Cause Injury. Poor conditioning Poor posture Stress

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back injury statistics
Back Injury Statistics
  • 8 out of 10 adults experience it
  • 80% chance it will happen again
  • Effects everything we do
  • Exceedingly painful
anatomy of the back
Anatomy of the Back
  • Stacked vertebrae
  • Disc separate
  • Ligaments/muscle
  • Spinal cord
factors that cause injury
Factors That Cause Injury
  • Poor conditioning
  • Poor posture
  • Stress
  • Overdoing it
  • Improper storage practices
danger
DANGER!!
  • Heavy lifting
  • Repetitive lifting
  • Twisting waist while lifting
  • Reaching and lifting
  • Working in awkward postures
  • Cold
  • Rushing through tasks
imagine a see saw
Imagine a See-saw

How much weight will it take to move 10 lbs from center?

  • A. 5 lbs
  • B. 10 lbs
  • C. 15 lbs
shift the center
Shift the Center

What will it take to move it?

  • More force
  • Less force
our back is a lever
Our Back Is a Lever
  • Our back is a 10:1 ratio.
bob s story
Bob’s Story

What do you think the doc said?

  • It’s in your head, get up and move.
  • You should have used proper body mechanics.
  • You may never walk again--let’s try risky back surgery.
what is the moral of story
What Is the Moral of Story?
  • Don’t lift heavy items
  • Don’t lift heavy items and twist
  • Don’t fall
  • Know your brother
safe lifting techniques
Safe Lifting Techniques
  • Never twist and lift
  • Lift w/legs and ab muscles, not back
  • Wide base of support
  • Keep load close to body
  • Look straight ahead, not down
safe lifting techniques cont
Safe Lifting Techniques (cont.)
  • Get a good grip on the load w/both hands
  • Breathe out as you lift
  • Know your limits – ask for help
  • Use good technique to set load down
golfers lift
Golfers’ Lift
  • Brace one hand for support
  • Raise opposite leg behind
  • Keep back straight
  • Look straight ahead
pivot feet
Pivot Feet
  • Never lift and twist
  • Pivot feet
  • Let your toes follow your nose
what is ergonomics
What Is Ergonomics?
  • Ergo = work
  • Nomics = study of
  • ‘The scientific study of the efficiency of man in his working environment’
          • Oxford dictionary
what is ergonomics16
What Is Ergonomics?
  • Fitting the task to worker
  • Owners manual
  • Improve quality of life
  • We take our health for granted—it must be earned— like a paycheck
what is an msd
What Is an MSD?
  • Sprains and strains
  • Not a slip, trip, or fall
  • Effects soft tissue
  • Accounts for 34% of lost-time injuries
a successful ergo program
A Successful Ergo Program
  • Training
  • Ergonomic council
  • Job hazard analysis
  • Hazard reduction and control
  • Program evaluation
problem areas
Problem Areas
  • Mop – wringing and mopping
  • Dry mop
  • Lifting
  • Shoveling
individual variables
Individual Variables
  • Age
  • Strength
  • Mobility
  • Fatigue
  • Motivation
  • Pre-existing Injury
task variables
Task Variables
  • Load Handled
    • Weight
    • Size
    • Shape
    • Distribution of the Load
    • Degree of Shift of the Load
task variables37
Task Variables
  • Workplace Layout
    • Degree of Movement Required
    • Obstacles
    • Distances Moved
    • Direction of Movement
task variables38
Task Variables
  • Level of Demand
    • Frequency of Lift
    • Degree of Precision
    • Shift Duration
    • Accelerations and Velocities of Lift
    • Duration of Lifting Tasks
healthy back tips
Healthy Back Tips
  • Exercise
  • Stretch
  • Posture
  • Relax
  • Common Sense
summary
Summary
  • Take care of yourself to enjoy your life.
  • Take responsibility for the things you can control.
  • When lifting, never lift and twist