Suprasegmental Features of Spoken English - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Suprasegmental Features of Spoken English
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Suprasegmental Features of Spoken English

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  1. Suprasegmental Features of Spoken English Rhythm✓ Intonation✓ Linking✓ Reduced Speech✓ Teaching English in English Incheon Education Training Institute Studies in American Language San José State University Elizabeth Beacham (Examples taken from: Goodwin, Janet. “Teaching Pronunciation.” In Teaching English as a Second or Foreign Language, edited by Marianne Celce-Murcia. Boston: Heinle & Heinle, 2001.)

  2. Content Words vs. Function Words “She looked at the big blue ocean for a long time.”

  3. Content Words vs. Function Words “She looked at thebig blue ocean for a long time.”

  4. Content Words vs. Function Words • Verbs • Nouns • Adjectives • Adverbs • Prepositions • Articles • Pronouns

  5. Rhythm

  6. Rhythm (A) Lots to be done (B) It's marvelous (C) A little bit more

  7. Rhythm● = primary stress syllable • = secondary stress syllable _ = unstressed syllable (A) Lots to be done (B) It's marvelous (C) A little bit more • _ •_ • ● • • _ _● • _ ● _ _

  8. Rhythm● = primary stress syllable • = secondary stress syllable _ = unstressed syllable (A) Lots to be done (B)It's marvelous (C)A little bit more A/2 B/3 C/1 • _ •_ • ● • • _ _● • _ ● _ _

  9. Intonation

  10. Intonation Deirdre: Are you ready yet? Minako: No, I need to call Philippe first. Deirdre: Why's that? Minako: Because he's the one who's giving us a ride!

  11. Intonation Deirdre: Are you REAdy yet? ì Minako: No, I need to call PhiLIPPE first. î Deirdre: Why's THAT? î Minako: Because HE'S the one who's giving us a RIDE!î

  12. Linking

  13. Linking • “Why don't you find out?” • “They live in San Jose.”

  14. Linking • “Why don't you find out?” ↪ /wɑydowntʃuwfɑyndɑwt/ • “They live in San Jose.” ↪ /ðeylɪvɪnsænowzey/

  15. Reduced Speech

  16. Reduced Speech • “I don't know when they'll get here.” • “I want to visit India.” • “I'm going to learn to knit.”

  17. Reduced Speech • “I don't knowwhen they'll get here.” • “I want tovisit India.” • “I'm going tolearn to knit.”

  18. Reduced Speech • “I don't know when they'll get here.” Ä“I dunno when they'll get here.” /ɑydənowwɛnðɛlgɛthɪɹ/

  19. Reduced Speech • “I want to visit India.” Ä“I wanna visit India.” /ɑywɑnəvɪzɪtɪndiyə/

  20. Reduced Speech • “I'm going to learn to knit.” Ä“I'mgonna learn tuh knit.” /ɑymgʌnəlʌɹntənɪt/

  21. Teaching & Studying Resources • JenniferESL: http://www.youtube.com/jenniferesl • A site with some great video lessons by an ESL teacher • English with Jennifer: http://englishwithjennifer.wordpress.com/ • A good blog for English instructors, written by the same teacher

  22. Sample Video Lesson Watch Jennifer's video lesson about pronouncing phrasal verbs: • Pronunciation Patterns of Phrasal Verbs: http://tinyurl.com/SALTEEpronphrasal