Eukaryotic Cells vs. Prokaryotic Cells - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Eukaryotic Cells vs. Prokaryotic Cells

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Eukaryotic Cells vs. Prokaryotic Cells
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Eukaryotic Cells vs. Prokaryotic Cells

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  1. Eukaryotic Cells vs. Prokaryotic Cells By Brian & David Munroe

  2. The Cells • Eukaryotic • Contains a complex structure within a membrane • Has a nucleus • Genetic material is contained within the nucleus • Large • Plant & Animal Cells • Prokaryotic • Simple singular cell • Does not have a nucleus • Genetic material can be found in the cytoplasm • Small compared to the Eukaryotes • Bacteria

  3. Nuclear Body • Eukaryotic • Bounded by a nuclear membrane with pores connecting to the endoplasmic reticulum • Both RNA & DNA is formed in the nucleus • The Nuclear Body is the Nucleus • Prokaryotic • Not bounded by a nuclear membrane • There is no Nucleus present • The nuclear body is called a nucleoid • The nucleoid is a the prokaryotic nuclear body, composed of a single molecule of circular, DNA

  4. Cell Division • Eukaryotic • The plant and animal cells divide by mitosis • Steps of mitosis are Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase & Telophase (PMAT) • Haploids & Diploids are divided by meiosis • Prokaryotic • Don’t divide by mitosis but binary fission • Prokaryotes are haploids so no meiosis is needed

  5. Cytoplasmic Structures • Eukaryotic • Ribosomes • Has organelles such as mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum (soft & rough), Golgi apparatus, vacuoles and lysosomes • Eukaryotes have a cytoskeleton and it contains microtubules and microfilaments • Prokaryotic • Ribosomes are also present • Prokaryotes do not have organelles such as mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, vacuoles, and lysosomes • contain actin proteins that are along with the cell wall, and help to cell shape

  6. Movement • Eukaryotic • Have a flagella or cilia • Prokaryotic • Have flagella • Do not have cilia

  7. Examples • Eukaryotic • Animal cells ( Humans, lions, sloths, etc.) • Plant Cells ( Trees, flowers, grass, etc.) • Algae • Fungi (mushrooms, etc.) • Prokaryotic • Bacteria (E.coli, etc.) • Archae (methanogens, etc.)

  8. Video • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WRO-DPyB9Bk

  9. Five Fantastic Facts • Eukaryotes have a nucleus and Prokaryotes do not • Eukaryotes are much more complex than Prokaryotes and much larger • Prokaryotes reproduce through binary fission and Eukaryotes reproduce through mitosis • Prokaryotes lack organelles • Genetic material in Eukaryotes is found in the nucleus and in Prokaryotes it is found in the cytoplasm