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Line Balancing . Example problem - Golf Club mfg/assy firm. Customer demand requires production volume of 24 finished clubs in an 8 hour shift. Example problem - Golf Club mfg/assy firm (cont.).

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example problem golf club mfg assy firm
Example problem - Golf Club mfg/assy firm
  • Customer demand requires production volume of 24 finished clubs in an 8 hour shift
example problem golf club mfg assy firm cont
Example problem - Golf Club mfg/assy firm (cont.)
  • How often does a club need to come off the line in order to meet the customer demand required?
    • Exclude initial start-up
    • Cycle time = (480 min/shift)/(24 clubs/shift) = 20 min/club
    • Takt time (for this example, same as cycle time as defined above)
      • Takt time = available work time/customer demand
      • Aligns output of a process with customer demand (or the pull of the customer)
      • “Takt” is a German word referring to the rhythm or beat of music
    • Theoretical minimum number of workstations for this operation
      • Total work content/cycle time
      • 44 min/20 min per workstation = 2.2 workstations → 3 workstations
lot heuristic
LOT heuristic
  • LOT – longest operation time heuristic
    • Construct precedence diagram
    • Arrange tasks in order of longest to shortest
    • Take care of longest operations first (easier to fit in shorter operations later), while maintaining precedence and not exceeding cycle time
apply lot to golf club mfg assy firm
Apply LOT to Golf Club mfg/assy firm
  • Precedence diagram
  • Tasks in order of longest to shortest

C – 13 min

D – 9 min

E – 7 min

F – 6 min

A – 5 min

B – 4 min

apply lot to golf club mfg assy firm cont
Apply LOT to Golf Club mfg/assy firm (cont.)
  • Efficiency of the line

= (total work content)/(# of workstations x cycle time)

= (44 min)/(3 workstations x 20 min/workstation) = 0.733 (73.3%)

  • Where is the bottleneck?
    • Capacity fully utilized
    • Work-in-process inventory builds up in front of workstation 2
evaluate investment options for golf club mfg assy firm
Evaluate investment options for Golf Club mfg/assy firm
  • Investment options
    • Invest in equipment that will automate weighting process (task C) resulting in a savings of 4 min/club
    • Invest in fixturing for the shaft that will result in a savings of 2 min each for trimming (task B) and finishing (task D)
  • Apply LOT rule to each option and see if there is any improvement in efficiency possible
balancing another manufacturing line
Balancing another manufacturing line
  • For a manufacturing line, the data below on the task precedence relationships exist (assume the tasks cannot be split)
balancing another manufacturing line cont
Balancing another manufacturing line (cont.)
  • Construct the precedence diagram for the tasks.
  • What is the theoretical minimum cycle time?
  • To balance the line to the cycle time determined above, what is the minimum number of work stations?
  • Use the "longest-operation-time" rule to balance the line to the theoretical minimum cycle time determined above.
  • Calculate the efficiency of the balanced line.