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Lesson 9: The Resurrection of Jesus Christ I. The Resurrection: At the HEART of the Gospel H orrible Death E mpty Tomb A ppearances of Jesus After His Burial R ecord of Women as First Witnesses T ransformation of Disciples Horrible Death Heavy loss of _____.

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slide3
Horrible Death
  • Empty Tomb
  • Appearances of Jesus After His Burial
  • Record of Women as First Witnesses
  • Transformation of Disciples
horrible death
Horrible Death
  • Heavy loss of _____.
  • When His side was pierced, blood and water flowed out.

blood

figure 9 1
Figure 9-1

Figure 9-1

h orrible death
Horrible Death
  • Heavy loss of _____.
  • When His side was pierced, blood and water flowed out.
  • Soldiers didn’t break His ____.

blood

legs

h orrible death7
Horrible Death
  • Pilate asked for _________ (from the centurion) that Jesus was dead.
  • He was wrapped completely in bandages and laid in a tomb.

assurance

figure 9 2
Figure 9-2

Figure 9-2

h orrible death9
Horrible Death
  • Pilate asked for _________ (from the centurion) that Jesus was dead.
  • He was wrapped completely in bandages and laid in a tomb.
  • Non-Christian sources confirm the Crucifixion of Jesus.

assurance

e mpty tomb
Empty Tomb
  • The Jews through history have admitted that the tomb was empty. They only give reasons for the tomb’s vacancy—belief in the empty tomb is assumed.

Trypho, a Jew, said in the second century:

“One Jesus, a Galilean _______, … we crucified, but his disciples _____ him by night from the tomb, where he laid when unfastened from the cross, and now deceive men by asserting that he has risen from the dead and ascended into heaven.” (Dialogue with Trypho, by Justin Martyr)

deceiver

stole

e mpty tomb11
Empty Tomb
  • Christianity could not have originated in _________ within a few weeks of the supposed Resurrection if there were no empty tomb.

> Why not? No one would have believed the resurrection if there were no empty tomb, seeing the resurrection was first preached in Jerusalem (the very city in which the body had lain) within a few ______ of the Crucifixion and burial.

Jerusalem

weeks

e mpty tomb12
Empty Tomb
  • Other explanations for the empty tomb are not reasonable.
    • The disciples stole the body.

But…the disciples would have had to sneak by or overpower the Roman guard outside the tomb.

can we trust the apostles to have told the truth
Can we trust the apostles to have told the truth?
  • Peter, crucified
  • Andrew, ________
  • Matthew, by the sword
  • James, son of Alpheus, ________
  • Philip, ________
  • Simon, ________

crucified

crucified

crucified

crucified

slide15
Thaddaeus, _________________
  • James, brother of Jesus, stoned
  • Thomas, ____________
  • Bartholomew, crucified
  • James, son of Zebedee, _________

killed by arrows

spear thrust

the sword

slide16

“Nothing in law so convinces courts and juries of the truthfulness of a story as the fact that a man’s life has been _________ with such story.”

Henry Barnett, attorney.

consistent

e mpty tomb17
Empty Tomb
  • Maybe the Jewish or ______ authorities removed the body.

>But if they had removed it, they would have ________ it for everyone to see. Why?

  • ______ Theory

More _________ than a resurrection

Roman

produced

Swoon

incredible

figure 9 3
Figure 9-3

Figure 9-3

a ppearances of jesus after his burial
Appearances Of Jesus After His Burial
  • In 1 Corinthians 15:3–8, Paul gives a list of some of those who saw Christ:

Peter

The Twelve

500 brethren at once, most still alive when Paul wrote this

James

Paul himself

figure 9 4
Figure 9-4

Figure 9-4

a ppearances of jesus after his burial21
Appearances of Jesus After His Burial
  • The Gospels also record the testimony of others who saw Christ after He had been crucified.

>Why should we believe the testimony of these early Christians who said they saw Christ?

t ransformation of disciples
Transformation of Disciples
  • Peter
  • Paul
  • James, Jesus’ brother
slide24
Horrible Death
  • Empty Tomb
  • Appearances of Jesus After His Burial
  • Record of Women as First Witnesses
  • Transformation of Disciples
figure 9 5
Figure 9-5

Figure 9-5

slide26
H…

E…

A…

R…

T…

a simon greenleaf professor of law at harvard in the 1800s
A. Simon Greenleaf—professor of law at Harvard in the 1800s

His three-volume work A Treatise on the Law of Evidence has been considered by the Supreme Court to be the greatest single authority on legal evidence.

He said, “If the evidence for the resurrection was set before any unbiased courtroom in the world it would be judged to be an historical ____—Jesus Christ rose from the dead!”

fact

b lord lyttleton and gilbert west friends at oxford
B. Lord Lyttleton and Gilbert West, friends at Oxford
  • Lyttleton tried to prove Saul was never converted.
  • West tried to prove Christ never rose from the dead.
  • What happened after each independently looked at the evidence and came back together?
slide31
W…

E…

A…

R…

G…

U…

E…

slide32

Worship on Sunday by the early Christian Jews

Easter

Art of the early Christians

figure 9 9
Figure 9-9

Figure 9-9

figure 9 8
Figure 9-8

Jesus

Christ

God’s

Son

Savior

Figure 9-8

slide35

Resurrection is consistent with the ___ of Jesus.

>The resurrection bonds remarkably well with all of Jesus’ life.

life

gospel creed
Gospel Creed

Moreover, brethren, I declare to you the gospel which I preached to you, which also you received and in which you stand, by which also you are saved, if you hold fast that word which I preached to you—unless you believed in vain. For I delivered to you first of all that which I also received: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, and that He was buried, and that He rose again the third day according to the Scriptures, and that He was seen by Cephas, then by the twelve. After that He was seen by over five hundred brethren at once, of whom the greater part remain to the present, but some have fallen asleep. After that He was seen by James, then by all the apostles. Then last of all He was seen by me also, as by one born out of due time.

- I Corinthians 15:1-8

slide38

The first few verses of 1 Cor. 15 are a _____ that was given to Paul in the mid-______, just a few years after the resurrection. This creed presents the basic facts of the death and resurrection of Christ, with a list of people who saw Him resurrected.

creed

thirties

figure 9 6
Figure 9-6

Figure 9-6

u nique exaltation of jesus after the resurrection
Unique exaltation of Jesus after the resurrection.

>Immediately after the resurrection, Jesus was __________ as Lord of Life.

worshipped

figure 9 7
Figure 9-7

Figure 9-7

slide43
W…
  • E…
  • A…
  • R…
  • G…
  • U…
  • E…
slide45

That Jesus is who He _______ to

be—the Son of God, God in the

flesh.

It also confirms the __________.

It shows that He can overcome

______.

claimed

Atonement

death

slide47

Prepare for the trial next session (if planned).

Share the HEART and WE ARGUE acrostics with someone.