Early views of mental illness
Download
1 / 7

Early views of mental illness - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 182 Views
  • Updated On :

Early views of mental illness. Mental illness as sign of witchcraft or demonic possession Mental illness as moral deficiency But, even in medieval times, there were some who proposed biological causes for mental illness, and treated those who were ill with compassion.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Early views of mental illness' - jana


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Early views of mental illness l.jpg
Early views of mental illness

  • Mental illness as sign of witchcraft or demonic possession

  • Mental illness as moral deficiency

  • But, even in medieval times, there were some who proposed biological causes for mental illness, and treated those who were ill with compassion


Philippe pinel 1745 1826 l.jpg
Philippe Pinel (1745-1826)

  • “Removed the chains” from asylum patients in Paris

  • Improved nutrition, hygiene, living conditions

  • Used an early form of behavior modification (rewards & punishments) to bring order into patients’ lives


Other early reformers l.jpg
Other early reformers

  • William Tuke (1732-1822)

  • Benjamin Rush (1745-1813)

    • “Bloodletting” as treatment

    • “Gyrator” treatment

    • “Tranquilizer” chair


Dorothea dix 1802 1887 l.jpg
Dorothea Dix (1802-1887)

  • Crusaded to improve care of patients in state asylums, jails, & poorhouses

  • Toured institutions, then wrote detailed critiques of what she saw

  • Played a role in the creation of 47 new hospitals and schools

  • Helped the mentally ill live out their lives with more dignity


Clifford beers 1876 1943 l.jpg
Clifford Beers (1876-1943)

  • Actually believed that the mentally ill could be cured

  • Yale graduate, hospitalized for depression after a suicide attempt; spent 3 years in mental institutions himself

  • Founded National Committee for Mental Hygiene


The development of hypnosis l.jpg
The development of hypnosis

  • Anton Mesmer’s “animal magnetism”

  • John Elliotson: petitioned to study the anesthetic effects of mesmerism

  • James Esdaile: did actually study mesmerism as anesthesia, in India

  • James Braid: actually coined the term “neurhypnology,” later shortened to “hypnosis”


Hypnotism controversies l.jpg
Hypnotism controversies

  • Liebeault & Bernheim: concept of suggestibility as basis for hypnosis

  • Charcot: considered the ability to be hypnotized to be closely related to hysteria (manifestation of physical symptoms without an underlying physical problem)

  • Is hypnotic suggestibility normal, or a sign of mental disorder?