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Beyond Traditional Lecturing: The Interactive Computer-Based Classroom. Bassam Hammo (Ph.D) Department of Computer Information Systems King Abdullah II School for Information Technology Jordan University Amman Jordan e- mail: b.hammo@ju.edu.jo. What is an Interactive Classroom.

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beyond traditional lecturing the interactive computer based classroom

Beyond Traditional Lecturing: The Interactive Computer-Based Classroom

Bassam Hammo (Ph.D) Department of Computer Information SystemsKing Abdullah II School for Information Technology Jordan University

Amman Jordan e- mail: b.hammo@ju.edu.jo

what is an interactive classroom
What is an Interactive Classroom
  • An interactive classroom is a place where learners are encouraged to communicate with peers and teachers in a meaningful way.
  • Creates useful learning opportunities in which the teacher presents the material in a way that is interactive and therefore meaningful to the learner.
interactive classroom
Interactive Classroom
  • Electronic classroom or simply “E-classroom” is equipped with technologies that
    • capture classroom activities,
    • allow for audio and video recordings of lectures,
    • slides presentation,
    • capture the notes written by the lecturer, and
    • make class material available all the time.
      • can be accessed and reviewed by students for missing parts, studying difficult concepts or to prepare for exams.
why interactive classroom
Why Interactive Classroom
  • Cognitive psychologists:
    • learning is more productive when the acquired knowledge occurs in an interactive environment.
    • Experimentally, it was found that students attending interactive lectures learn more than students attending a traditional one.
      • This is because students in an interactive environment do not spend the time in writing and copying the material from the board as the case in traditional classrooms; instead, they spend the time in thinking, understanding and asking questions .
why interactive classroom1
Why Interactive Classroom
  • Efficient learning techniques became mandatory to keep up with the demand of productive learning:
    • Significant improvements in computational power,
    • networking bandwidth,
    • storage capacity and graphical user interfaces
  • New teaching methods, such as long-distance and virtual learning, where students are separated in space and/or time, become increasingly common in many universities and educational institutes
motivation
Motivation
  • Lecturing at King Abdullah II School for Information Technology (KASIT) at the University of Jordan (UJ) is based on electronic presentations using PowerPoint slides:
    • Classrooms are equipped with ceiling-mounted projectors and whiteboards for writing notes.
    • A typical lecture is around 50 minutes and has around 60-80 students.
    • The classroom is the only place where students can learn and take notes.
    • Lecture notes, in most cases, are not made available outside the classroom.
  • Recently, KASIT starts offering few courses through Blackboard:
    • but yet not as efficient and utilized as required.
    • high running cost of the system
    • serves only a thin slice of the huge community of the UJ.
motivation1
Motivation
  • Support a long-standing problem of teaching an obligatory, multi-section course of Computer Skills required by all students at the University.
    • huge number of students per section was not very conducive to establish meaningful interaction between students and the instructor.
    • The performance of some students was always low and students have to repeat the course more than once.
features of our interactive classroom
Features of our Interactive Classroom
  • Our system aims at exploiting the potential of computer technology for improving the way we teach and learn:
    • Bi-lingual (Arabic/English)
    • Developed to enable students within the campus of UJ to interact with the lecturer’s computer, where lecture notes are available for projection.
    • It enables the lecturer to improve the organization of the course material:
      • presents lectures and give a means of simplifying extensive content
      • monitors students’ activities through receiving immediate feedback regarding how well they have learned the material in an interactive way.
features of our interactive classroom1
Features of our Interactive Classroom
  • For students, the new system encourages them to participate and complete the coursework with more variety in learning experiences, such as:
    • answering questions directly,
    • taking quizzes,
    • downloading audio and video files,
    • reviewing past lectures,
    • uploading due assignments and many other interesting tasks.
  • Our system comes at low cost
    • It has the advantages of being flexible, easy to use, and has the ability to run at any place within the campus where a networking connection is available.
the roll of the administrator
The Roll of the Administrator
  • Add a new lecturer
  • Establish instructor-student relationship.
connecting with the instructor server
Connecting with the Instructor Server
  • Two major tasks through this server:
    • manage the coursework content,
    • start a presentation.
starting a presentation
Starting a Presentation
  • Delivered material could be simply:
    • PowerPoint™ presentation,
    • material from the World Wide Web,
    • supplementary audio/video files, or
    • execution of any number of different programs on the main computer.
  • Monitoring students’ activities
connecting with the student machine
Connecting with the Student Machine
  • Displays a list of online active instructors running on servers.
      • Student chooses to join an instructor;
      • login window requesting the student’s ID and the password.
connecting with the student machine1
Connecting with the Student Machine
  • Student can perform a set of tasks:
      • downloading missed lecture notes,
      • reading messages sent by instructor, and
      • viewing an active presentation.
joining an active presentation
Joining an Active Presentation
  • Student Joins a Session
  • Student has no control over the displayed material:
    • just setting there watching the presentation and other activities presented by the instructor,
    • checking attendance record,
    • reading notes sent by the instructor,
    • raising hand to ask a question,
    • uploading an assignment when requested to do so, and
    • responding to quick Yes/No questions.
conclusion future directions
Conclusion & Future Directions
  • We aim at utilizing over thirty computer labs distributed around the campus and already equipped with latest computers, servers, and connected over a high-bandwidth network to be used in teaching synchronous multi-section courses interactively.
  • It overcomes separations in space by exchanging audio, video, and textual materials at different computer labs.
  • It worth to mention that the project was initiated and developed as a six-month project, and it was driven by practical needs and targeted at providing a friendly, easy to set, low-cost Windows/PC-based interactive classroom environment.