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DO NOW. Using a T-chart, work together with a partner to brainstorm different issues or concerns people in rural areas might have and issues facing people in urban areas today (21 st century ).

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do now
  • Using a T-chart, work together with a partner to brainstorm different issues or concerns people in rural areas might have and issues facing people in urban areas today (21st century).
  • Put a star by any issues you wrote down that you feel would have also been an issue for that community in the late 1800s.
the progressive era

The Progressive Era

US Unit 1 Part 1 Presentation

new political parties and groups populists and progressives
New Political Parties and Groups: Populists and Progressives
  • The populists were a rural party that rose out of the economic recessions of the late 1800s and the decline in farm profits. Low farm prices following the Civil War and high industrial prices paid by farmers led the Populist movement to demand reforms to assist farmers.
  • The Progressives were an urban party that rose out of the desire to see change and to make government more responsive to the people.
populist rural reformers
Populist: Rural Reformers
  • Pushed for the passing of the Interstate Commerce Act of 1887.
  • Established Cooperative Organizations of Farmer that provided insurance to farmers, pushed for the income tax (redistribute wealth), but in the end remained racially divided.
  • Created the political Populist Party that although never won office, still had a great influence on politic at the time.
progressives urban reformers
Progressives Urban Reformers
  • Fought for the rights of workers, specifically workers pay and working conditions.
  • Created a political party that lasted for sometime and competed in most elections.
  • Overall was concerned with the widening gap between rich and poor created during the Gilded Age.
reform leaders susan b anthony
Reform Leaders: Susan B. Anthony
  • leading force in the women’s suffrage movement for fifty years (from the 1850’s)
  • founder of the National Women’s Suffrage Association, led to the 19th Amendment (1919) guaranteeing women’s suffrage.
reform leaders w e b dubois
Reform Leaders: W.E.B. DuBois
  • African-American civil rights leader from the 1890’s to the 1940’s
  • called for immediate extension of civil rights to African-Americans and helped found the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People).
reform leaders robert lafollette
Reform Leaders: Robert LaFollette
  • Leader of the Progressive Party in the 1920’s
  • favored the breakup of corporate monopolies, farm relief, and reduced income taxes.
reform leaders frances willard
Reform Leaders: Frances Willard
  • a leader in reforms for women she headed the National Council of Women in 1888, the Women’s Christian Temperance Union, and worked tirelessly for women’s suffrage.
  • Also became a leader in the prohibition movement to ban alcohol.
reform leaders jane addams
Reform Leaders: Jane Addams
  • Pioneer social worker and winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1931
  • Addams was most remembered for her work at Hull House in Chicago and her work for women’s suffrage.
  • Hull house became a model shelter and assistance center for new immigrants and impoverished Americans.
reform leaders ida b wells
Reform Leaders: Ida B. Wells
  • Ida B. Wells-Barnett was a fearless anti-lynching crusader, suffragist, women's and civil rights advocate, journalist, and speaker.
  • Investigative reporter who exposed controversies in order to inspire change.
  • Upton Sinclair – best known for his novel The Jungle that led to the passage of the Pure Food and Drug Act
  • Ida Tarbull – The lasting results of Ida Tarbell's brand of investigative journalism, most notably with the History of the Standard Oil Company, led to the 1911 Supreme Court decision to break up the Standard Oil trust.
What conclusions can be drawn from this cartoon? Use the OPTIC strategy to write down what you see and try and tie them together.
theodore roosevelt
Theodore Roosevelt
  • War Veteran and Republican
  • Became President while Vice President to William McKinley who was assassinated.
  • Very progressive President who believed reforming society, regulating business (trust-busting), and the protection of natural resources.
  • Youngest President to serve up to that point and was reelected in 1904.
  • Favored a strong U.S. Military with a modern Navy to protect American interests and territories.
open door policy
Open Door Policy
  • Roosevelt continued the Open Door Policy of the Presidents before him.
  • The Open Door Policy called for the U.S. to expand foreign trade, even if it had to force trade (China). The idea was to create a global power like the nations of Europe.
panama canal
Panama Canal
  • One of the greatest foreign policy accomplishments of Roosevelt.
  • Connected the Atlantic and Pacific and cut trade time drastically resulting in huge profits for the U.S. who leased the land around and the canal itself from Panama until 1999.
  • Massive project that although a great accomplishment resulted in many workers’ deaths.
pure food and drug act of 1906
Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906
  • One of the great progressive accomplishments of the Roosevelt Presidency was the creation of the FDA that regulated food, medicine, and other industries in order to protect the American consumer republic.
    • Products had to be approved and had to disclose their ingredients.
william howard taft
William Howard Taft
  • Elected in 1908 as a Republican and viewed as the successor to Roosevelt.
  • Continued anti-trust legislation and workers rights laws of the progressive era.
  • For some members of the Republican party, Taft did not do enough and the result was some party members leaving the Republicans to form a new third party around Roosevelt.
  • Taft was a former judge and will later become a Supreme Court Judge under President Harding.
dollar diplomacy
Dollar Diplomacy
  • President Taft believed in using America’s prosperity as a source of diplomatic strength.
  • Taft gained support from foreign nations and obtained favorable treaties and agreements by providing loans to these developing countries. He also encouraged American business in those nations.
  • The result was many countries now indebt to the U.S. What are the implications of this?
woodrow wilson
Woodrow Wilson
  • Elected President in 1912 representing the Democratic Party (Won as a result of the Republicans being divided)
  • Huge supporter of progressive reforms like women’s suffrage and continued anti-trust legislation of the presidents before him.
  • Also supporter workers rights and limiting working hours.
  • President during World War I and reelected to a 2nd term in 1916.
  • Suffered a stroke while in office in 1919.
federal reserve act of 1913
Federal Reserve Act of 1913
  • Wilson led the way to the creation of the Federal Reserve which is the national bank of the United States and still exists today.
  • The Federal Reserve regulates banking and major economic activity in the U.S. and overall promotes policies to keep the economy stable.
national park system 1916
National Park System 1916
  • Passed in 1916, the National Park Act, created and maintained a system of federally protected national parks that to this day preserve natural treasures of the nation.
  • Conservation of resources was a key element of the Progressive movement and the motivating factor behind this legislation.