Roman Citizenship versus Jewish Identity!. What have the Romans ever done for us….!. Essential Vocabulary. Citizen: A member of a state or nation who owes allegiance to its government and is entitled to its protection.
using military and economic means to influence the behavior or interests of others. It is often in response to short and immediate crises;
the ability of a political body (state) to indirectly influence the behavior or interests of others through cultural or ideological means. Soft power is applied consistently over long periods of time.
What examples of hard and soft power
exist in the world around you?
- Right to vote (suffragium)
- Right to make contracts (commercium)
- Right to contract a legal marriage (conubium)
- Right to sue
- Right to stand trial
- Right not to be subject to torture or scourging.
- A Roman citizen could not be condemned to death unless found guilty of treason.
about being a Roman?
63b.c.e: Roman general Pompey subdues Judea
and turns it into a client kingdom.
37b.c.e: Herod the Great becomes the King of the Jews,
appointed by the Roman Senate; Judea becomes a client
kingdom of the Roman Empire.
6c.e: Caesar Augustus deposes King Archelaus and establishes
Judea as a Roman province.
66c.e: Jewish forces defeat a Roman legion at Beth-Horon.
70c.e: The city of Jerusalem and its great temple are destroyed by
73c.e: Jewish rebels are defeated by the Romans at the fortress of
132-135 C.E: The Bar-kokhba revolt is the final Jewish rebellion
against the Romans.
Jews are forbidden from entering Jerusalem, and the
Romans re- name Judea “Syria palaestina”.
So why did ancient Jewish peoples
so violently reject Roman rule?
387 B.C.E: Celtic tribes sack Rome.
225 B.C.E: Celts from Northern Italy are defeated by the Romans.
125 B.C.E: Celtic tribes in Southern Gaul are defeated by the Romans.
58-52 B.C.E: Celtic tribes in Gaul rebel against the Romans. The Roman Army, led by Julius Caesar, slaughter hundreds of thousands of Celtic people.
43 C.E: The Romans invade Celtic Britain.
60-61 C.E: Celts in Britain rebel against the Romans. They are led by a Celtic queen called Boudicca.
- Who has power of who?
- Why do they want this power?
- How is this power maintained?
- Why is this power rejected?